The Geomun Island Incident or the Port Hamilton Incident was the occupation of the Geomundo (also Komundo or Port Hamilton) by the Royal Navy from 15 April 1885 to 27 February 1887.
Russia had intended to use the island as a coaling station.
While the British government was alarmed by rumours of a secret agreement between Russia and Korea, these rumours did not reach the British Cabinet until after the decision to occupy Geomundo had been taken. The port was taken to establish a British port in the Far East outside China in the event of a war with Russia, to mitigate the harmful potential of possible Chinese neutrality. In official statements, the British government claimed that the occupation had been undertaken to preempt Russian annexation of the islands. In response, diplomats such as the then French minister to Japan and newspapers such as the Novoe Vremiya speculated that Russia would counterbalance the British occupation by seizing Port Lazarev (Wonsan) or Jeju Island.
Russia threatened to occupy parts of Korea, in response to British actions. After giving assurances they would not occupy any part of Korea then the British withdrew.
The proposal to occupy the islands had been considered earlier by the British Cabinet, in July 1875, but was rejected by Foreign Secretary Lord Derby as setting a poor precedent.