Port Hudson National Cemetery

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Port Hudson National Cemetery
PortHudsonCem2.JPG
Cemetery Administration building
Port Hudson National Cemetery is located in Louisiana
Port Hudson National Cemetery
Port Hudson National Cemetery is located in the US
Port Hudson National Cemetery
Location20978 Port Hickey Road, Zachary, Louisiana
Nearest cityPort Hudson, Louisiana
Coordinates30°39′39″N 91°16′26″W / 30.66085°N 91.27388°W / 30.66085; -91.27388Coordinates: 30°39′39″N 91°16′26″W / 30.66085°N 91.27388°W / 30.66085; -91.27388
Area19.9 acres (8.1 ha)
Built1867
ArchitectMontgomery C. Meigs
Architectural styleSecond Empire
MPSCivil War Era National Cemeteries MPS
NRHP reference #99000591[1]
Added to NRHPMay 20, 1999

Port Hudson National Cemetery is a United States National Cemetery located in Port Hudson, 20 miles (32 km) north of the city of Baton Rouge in East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana. Administered by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, it encompasses 19.9 acres (8.1 ha), and as of the end of 2007, had 12,718 interments.

History[edit]

The cemetery is located on the site which was the main battleground of the Siege of Port Hudson, during the American Civil War. Nearly 4,000 Union troops fell during the fighting, and most were buried in the cemetery, many as unknowns. After the war another 8.4 acres (3.4 ha) was appropriated to inter those who died in the local veterans' facilities. The battle was notable for valiant fighting by the 1st and 3rd Regiments of the Louisiana Native Guards, troops composed of free men of color from the New Orleans area and a majority of African Americans who had escaped from slavery to join the cause and gain freedom.[2][3][4]

The Confederate soldiers who died were primarily buried in the trenches where they fell.[3][4] A Confederate Cemetery was later established in the Port Hudson area; it is not accessible to the public.

The battlefield at Port Hudson is one of the few naturally preserved Civil War battlegrounds. The breastworks, gun pits, and trenches remain today almost as they were during the battle. The area has never been developed.[3][4]

Port Hudson National Cemetery 19.9 acres (8.1 ha) area, comprising a total of 9 contributing resources, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on May 20, 1999;[1] a different portion of the battlefield, several miles to the north, is preserved in the Port Hudson State Historic Site. That area is designated a National Historic Landmark.

Cemetery main gate

Notable burials[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  2. ^ Terry L. Jones (2012-10-19) "The Free Men of Color Go to War" – NYTimes.com. Opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com. Retrieved on 2012-12-18.
  3. ^ a b c "Port Hudson National Cemetery" (PDF). State of Louisiana's Division of Historic Preservation. Retrieved May 14, 2018. with four photos and two maps
  4. ^ a b c Therese T. Sammartino (April 14, 1999). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Port Hudson National Cemetery". National Park Service. Retrieved May 14, 2018. With 23 photos.

External links[edit]