Port Jersey, with the Statue of Liberty in the foreground
|Official name||Port Jersey Port Authority Marine Terminal|
|Type||Intermodal freight transport facility|
|Locale||Bayonne & Jersey City
|Operator||Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
New York New Jersey Rail, LLC
Conrail Shared Assets Operations
GCT Bayonne, LP
|Clearance below||50 feet (15 m)|
Port Jersey, officially the Port Jersey Port Authority Marine Terminal and referred to as the Port Jersey Marine Terminal, is an intermodal freight transport facility that includes a container terminal located on the Upper New York Bay in the Port of New York and New Jersey. The municipal border of the Hudson County cities of Jersey City and Bayonne runs along the long pier extending into the bay.
The facility was created in the between 1972 and 1976 and acquired by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey in July 2010. Its major tenant is GCT Bayonne, a post-panamax shipping facility operated by Global Container Terminals.
Much of Port Jersey is part of United States Foreign-Trade Zone 49. Most of the area in and around the facility is restricted, though a walkway along its northern side is accessible to the general public and may eventually connect with the Hudson River Waterfront Walkway. A very small bird sanctuary (specifically for the least tern) is also located on the promenade.
The area, east of the Greenville section of Jersey City where was originally tidal marshes and white cedar swamps, which was first used for industrial purposes beginning in the 1800s.
The pier that become Port Jersey was created in the between 1972 and 1976 using landfill.
The facility was once known as the NorthEast Auto Terminal (NEAT) and was operated as a private auto import and export facility for several decades before it's purchase in 2008 by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. The location of the PA Auto Marine Terminal and it's relatively airdraft-free deepwater access for larger vessels led to the PANYNJ to convert the facility into a container terminal. Anticipating the needs of the planned and existing super-panamax containerships which will call in the port upon the completion of the new Panama Canal Megalocks, NEAT was incrementally shut down and its share of the auto import/export market completely transferred to the Bayonne Auto Terminal and the Port Newark FAPS facility by 2011.
The largest ship ever to call at the Port of New York-New Jersey, the MOL Benefactor, docked at Port Jersey in July 2016 after sailing from China through the newly widened Panama Canal.
Ambrose Channel is the main shipping channel in and out of the Port of New York and New Jersey. Branching canal to the south the Port Jersey Channel separates the pier from the peninsula pier of a former military base, Military Ocean Terminal at Bayonne (MOTBY). The a multi-use area is home to the Cape Liberty Cruise Port (one of the New York metropolitan area's three cruise ship terminals), residential and commercial buildings, and land owned by the PANYNJ to be further developed as port facilities. Deepening of the Port Jersey Channel to 50 feet was authorized by the Army Corps of Engineers in 2010. and completed in 2016. To the north lies Claremeont Terminal.
Port Jersey is one of the few areas on the Bergen Neck peninsula where freight rail lines are still in use. In October 2010 the PANYNJ announced plans to develop ExpressRail Port Jersey, allowing for more transfers to trains, and thus reducing transfers to trucks. Trains will use a renovated National Docks Secondary freight line to access the national network, part of the Liberty Freight Corridor.
Port Jersey is served by New Jersey Route 440 which connects with Bayonne Bridge. Nearby is Exit 14A of the Newark Bay Extension of the New Jersey Turnpike. New Jersey Route 185 connects the facility to Greenville Yard.
In 2010 the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey announced its intentions to build a five tower wind farm at Port Jersey within three years. The windfarm is part of a larger plan to expand the container port on the manmade peninsula to accommodate post-panamax ships. In May 2012, Global Container Terminals announced detailed plan of the port extension. It included the installation of 9 wind turbines in order to meet a zero emissions footprint of their crane operation during periods of wind power generation.
Other PANYNJ container terminals
The other significant seaport terminals under the auspices of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey are:
- Red Hook Marine Terminal on Upper New York Bay
- Howland Hook Marine Terminal on Arthur Kill at Newark Bay
- Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal on Newark Bay
- Geography of New York Harbor
- Rail freight transportation in New York City and Long Island
- Wind power in New Jersey
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