Port Laoise

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Port Laoise
Port Laoise
Town
Main Street, Port Laoise
Main Street, Port Laoise
Coat of arms of Port Laoise
Coat of arms
Port Laoise is located in Ireland
Port Laoise
Port Laoise
Port Laoise is located in British Isles
Port Laoise
Port Laoise
Port Laoise is located in Europe
Port Laoise
Port Laoise
Coordinates: 53°1′51″N 7°18′3″W / 53.03083°N 7.30083°W / 53.03083; -7.30083Coordinates: 53°1′51″N 7°18′3″W / 53.03083°N 7.30083°W / 53.03083; -7.30083
CountryIreland
ProvinceLeinster
CountyLaois
Founded1557 (as Maryborough)
Town Charter1570
Government
 • TypeLaois County Council
 • LEAPort Laoise
 • Dáil Éireann
 • European ParliamentMidlands–North-West
Area
 • Total12.1 km2 (4.7 sq mi)
Elevation139 m (456 ft)
Population (2016)
 • Total22,050
 • Rank16th (1st in Midlands)
 • Density1,829.3/km2 (4,738/sq mi)
 • Ethnicity[1]
Time zoneUTC0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (IST)
EircodeR32
Area code(s)057, (+353)57
CurrencyEuro;(EUR:)
Date Formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Vehicle index
mark code
LS
Drives on theLeft

Port Laoise, or Portlaoise (Irish [pˠɔɾˠt̪ˠˈl̪ˠiːʃə], anglicised /pɔːrtˈlʃ/[7]) is the county town of County Laois, Ireland. It is located in the South Midlands in the province of Leinster. It is the most populous and also the most densely populated town in the Midlands Region, which has a total population of 292,301 at the 2016 census.[8] The 2016 census shows that the town's population increased by 9.5% to 22,050, which is well above the national average of 3.8%.[8] This also makes it the fastest growing of the top 20 largest towns and cities in Ireland.[8]

It was an important town in the medieval period, as the site of the Fort of Maryborough, a fort built by English settlers in the 16th Century.

Port Laoise is fringed by the Slieve Bloom mountains to the west and north-west and the Great Heath of Maryborough to the east. It is notable for its architecture, engineering and transport connections. On the national road network, Port Laoise is located 80 km (50 mi) south-west from Dublin on the M7, 170 km (110 mi) north-east from Cork on the M8/M7 and 113 km (70 mi) east-northeast of Limerick on the M7.

It was once famous for the manufacture of iron and steel buildings, tennis balls, rubber seals and electrical cabling. Today Port Laoise is a commercial centre, with the economy dominated by the service sector, and an important shopping, transport, events and conference hub.

History[edit]

Portlaoise Courthouse

The site where the present town is situated is referred to in the Annals of the Four Masters as Port Laoighisi during the 16th century. The present town originated as a settlement around the old fort, "Fort of Leix" or "Fort Protector", the remains of which can still be seen in the town centre. Its construction began in 1548 under the supervision of the then Lord Deputy Sir Edward Bellingham in an attempt to secure English control in the county following the exile of native Celtic chieftains the previous year. The fort's location on rising ground, surrounded to the south and east by the natural defensive barricades of the River Triogue and an esker known locally as 'the Ridge', greatly added to its strategic importance.

The town proper was established by an act of Parliament during the reign of Queen Mary in 1557. Though the early fort and its surrounding settlement had been known by a number of names, such as Governor, Port Laois, Campa and Fort Protector, the new town was named Maryborough (IPA [ˈmarbrə]) and the county was named Queen's County in Mary's honour. In about 1556, Port Laoise acquired its first parish church—Old St Peter's—situated to the west of Fort Protector. Although first built as a Catholic church, thanks to Queen Mary's reestablishment of Roman Catholicism, the church was used for Protestant services after the accession to the English throne of Mary's half-sister, Elizabeth.

The area had been a focus of the rebellion of Ruairí Óg Ó Mórdha, a local chieftain who had rebelled and had lost his lands, which the Crown wanted to be settled by reliable landowners. For the next fifty or so years, the new English settlers in Maryborough fought a continual, low-scale war with the Gaelic chieftains who fought against the new settlement. The town was burnt several times by the end of the sixteenth century.

Ordnance Survey Map, 1839, showing Maryborough

Port Laoise was granted a market in 1567, and then in 1570, a charter of Queen Elizabeth I raised the town to the rank of borough. This allowed the establishment of a Corporation of the Borough, a body which consisted of a burgomaster, two bailiffs, a town clerk, and a sergeant at arms, as well as various other officers, burgesses and freemen. Until the Act of Union took effect in 1801 and the abolition of its franchise, the town returned two members to the Irish Parliament. The Corporation itself existed until 1830.

In 1803-04, a new Church of Ireland church was built to replace the Old St Peter's and was the first building to be erected on the new Market Square. The building is attributed to architect James Gandon. Other notable buildings constructed in Port Laoise in the nineteenth century included the now-destroyed French Renaissance-style Town Hall on Market Square; the Court House on Main Street, built in 1805; the County Gaol built in 1830 to a design by William Deane Butler; and the neo-classical St. Fintan’s Asylum, built in 1832 on the Dublin Road.

In 1929, a few years after the foundation of the Irish Free State, the town was renamed Portlaoighise (later simplified to Port Laoise) and the county was renamed County Laois.[9] A number of other towns in the Free State also reverted to their Irish (or anglicised Irish) names during this period.[citation needed]

Local government[edit]

Bridge Street and Church of Sts. Peter and Paul

The town forms part of the Portlaoise Municipal District Local Electoral Area for elections to Laois County Council. This includes both the urban Port Laoise area, Abbeyleix and Ballinakill and surrounding rural areas. Port Laoise's Town Council was abolished in 2014.

Port Laoise is twinned with Coulounieix-Chamiers in the Dordogne département of France.

Demography[edit]

Portlaoise is one of Ireland's fastest growing towns, with a 37.9% increase in population from 2006 to 2011. Non-Irish nationals accounted for 21.7 per cent of the population compared with a national average figure of 12.0 per cent. Polish (7%) were the largest group, followed by Lithuanians (2.7%).[8] Portlaoise is known for having one of the highest percentages of black residents in the country.[citation needed] The former Mayor, Rotimi Adebari was the first person of African descent to become mayor in Ireland.[10]

Portlaoise has the highest percentage of people under the age of 18 in Ireland. Due to rapid population growth due in particular to immigration from Eastern Europe especially Poland and Slovakia and its location in the commuter belt Portlaoise boasts some of the country's best services. These include a new fire station and a large swimming leisure complex. Portlaoise has three new secondary schools and five new primary schools (two upcoming). Due to the rapid population growth Portlaoise will see the opening of a new 1,000 student secondary school. Portlaoise has the highest percentage of youth per percentage of population in Ireland with the town considered to be the baby boom capital of Ireland. In the 2016 Census Portlaoise was again in the top 10 fastest growing regions with the population of Portlaoise town and its suburbs approaching 25,000.

Economy[edit]

Portlaoise has long been a major commercial and retail hub for the Midlands. Until the mid 20th century, the main industries of the town were flour milling and the manufacture of worsted fabric. Since their respective declines, among the largest employers are state owned bodies such as the maximum-security Port Laoise Prison, which houses the majority of the Irish Republican political prisoners sentenced in the Republic, the Midlands Prison, the Department of Agriculture and the Midland Regional Hospital, Portlaoise. State owned companies Córas Iompair Éireann (have a National Traincare Maintenance Depot in Portlaoise), the ESB (have a Training Centre in the town) and also An Post are all major employers. In 2013 MyPay, a new central payroll system for 55,000 local authority employees across Ireland was set up in Portlaoise.[11]

Due to its location and strong transport connections, The National Spatial Strategy chose Portlaoise as the location for Ireland's first Inland Port. This designation encourages the town to focus on the growth of distribution, logistics and warehouse uses. An Post operate the second largest mail centre in Ireland (after Dublin) at their depot in Portlaoise.[12]

Retail[edit]

Retail spaces include the Dunamaise Arts Centre which comprises a cinema, performance space and exhibition space, the Portlaoise Leisure Centre, Laois Shopping Centre, Kyle Centre, Parkside Shopping Centres and a retail park on the South Circular Road.

Tourism[edit]

Transport[edit]

The railway station
South Western
Commuter
Luas Red Line
to Dublin Connolly or Point Depot
Dublin Heuston Luas
Luas Red Line
to Tallaght or Saggart
 
Inchicore
Works
 
Park West and
Cherry Orchard
Clondalkin/Fonthill
Kishoge
(future)
Adamstown
Hazelhatch and Celbridge
Sallins and Naas
Newbridge
Kildare
Monasterevin
Portarlington
Portlaoise
Conniberry Junction
Togher Inland Port (future)
Portlaoise Traincare Depot
Portlaoise town centre

Portlaoise is one the busiest railway stations outside of Dublin. It is the terminus of the Portlaoise Commuter Service which stops at all stations to Heuston and runs hourly off peak and every 20/30 minutes during peak times. It is the busiest county town railway station in the Midlands Region, with up to 32 trains to Dublin (10 non-stop) and 30 trains from Dublin (9 non-stop) per day.[14]

  • Córas Iompair Éireann opened a new rail depot south-west of Portlaoise town centre in March 2008. The depot provides a high quality maintenance and servicing facility for the 183 new intercity railcars and some facilities for outer suburban railcars serving the Kildare Route.
  • Bus Éireann operates an intercity service between Dublin and Cork/Limerick which calls at Port Laoise.
  • The town is the terminus for Dublin-Portlaoise coach services operated by Dublin Coach which is at James Fintan Lawlor Avenue, it also stops at Portlaoise Hospital and Kilminchy.
  • Europcar offer a car rental location in Portlaoise.

Culture[edit]

Nightlife[edit]

Portlaoise’s central location within Ireland and its concentration of restaurants, pubs, bars and nightclubs around Market Square, Main Street and the Church Street area of the town centre and other nearby facilities such as Paintball, Golf, Bowling and other amenities make it a popular destination for Hens & Stag Parties and other weekend breaks. Portlaoise railway station is the closest station to Stradbally Hall where the Electric Picnic Festival is held each year.

Arts and Festivals[edit]

Every year the town hosts the Old Fort Quarter Festival in June, the Halloween Howls Comedy Festival on the October bank holiday weekend and the Leaves Literary Festival in November.

Charity[edit]

Since early 2008 Port Laoise has been the Irish base of Self Help Africa, formerly Self Help Development International, the Irish development agency engaged in implementing long term rural development programmes in Sub-Sahara. Established at the time of the Ethiopian Famine of 1984, Self Help is the chosen charity of the Irish Farmers Association.

Church with steeple - geograph.org.uk - 730272.jpg

Sport[edit]

  • Portlaoise RFC is the local rugby club, based just outside the town, at Togher.
  • Portlaoise GAA is the local Gaelic Athletic Association club and the most successful GAA club in Leinster.
  • Port Laoise AFC is the local soccer club, based at Rossleighan Park, and has many successful graduates in the national league and cup competitions.
  • Port Laoise Leisure Centre has a 25m pool, a gym, a FIFA-approved 2* Astro pitch, a soccer pitch, a large children's playground and a skate park.
  • Portlaoise Senior Basketball Club
  • Portlaoise Golf Club is based at an 18-hole golf course on Abbeyleix Road.

Education[edit]

Portlaoise College is situated just minutes from the heart of Portlaoise. Portlaoise College provides full-time education for over 300 students in Junior and Leaving Certificate Cycle.

Portlaoise Institute, is a centre of excellence in the field of Further Education in the Midlands, providing QQI Level 5 and 6 Courses. Portlaoise Institute also provides courses and professional certification in fields such Beauty Therapy, Hairdressing, Computing, Healthcare, Nursing, Business Studies, Creative Digital and Animation, Sports and Leisure Management and others.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.cso.ie/px/pxeirestat/Statire/SelectVarVal/Define.asp?Maintable=CD705&Planguage=0
  2. ^ Census for post 1821 figures.
  3. ^ http://www.histpop.org
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
  5. ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "Pre-famine". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  6. ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850". The Economic History Review. 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x.
  7. ^ John Murray, Doireann Ní Bhriain (12 February 2014). Pronunciation. John Murray Show. RTÉ. Event occurs at 18m55s–19m45s.
  8. ^ a b c d "Census of Population 2016 - Profile 2 Population Distribution and Movements". Central Statistics Office (Ireland). 2016.
  9. ^ Port Laoise, Placenames Database of Ireland.
  10. ^ "Ireland elects first black mayor". BBC News. 28 June 2007. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
  11. ^ http://merrionstreet.ie/en/News-Room/Releases/Minister_Alan_Kelly_T_D_launches_MyPay_-_payroll_and_superannuation_shared_service_for_local_authorities.html
  12. ^ http://www.eirephilatelicassoc.org/content/volume-3-number-8
  13. ^ "Maryborough station" (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways. Retrieved 3 November 2007.
  14. ^ "Grand Canal Dock to Portlaoise" (PDF). www.irishrail.ie. 20 November 2016. Retrieved 28 February 2017.

External links[edit]