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Port Madison Indian Reservation

Coordinates: 47°43′57″N 122°33′18″W / 47.732396°N 122.554893°W / 47.732396; -122.554893
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Suquamish Indian Tribe
of the Port Madison Reservation
Port Madison Indian Reservation
Location of the Port Madison Indian Reservation
Total population
950[1] (2012)
Regions with significant populations
Puget Sound, Washington, U.S.
English, Lushootseed
Related ethnic groups
Suquamish, Duwamish, and Sammamish peoples

The Suquamish Indian Tribe of the Port Madison Reservation is a federally recognized tribe and Indian reservation in the U.S. state of Washington.

The tribe includes Suquamish, Duwamish, and Sammamish peoples, all Lushootseed-speaking Indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest, and was a signatory to the Treaty of Point Elliott of 1855. They had 950 enrolled tribal citizens in 2012.[1]


The Port Madison Indian Reservation is located in northern Kitsap County, Washington and consists of 7,657 acres, of which 1,475 acres are owned by the Suquamish Tribe, 2,601 acres are owned by individual citizens of the Suquamish Tribe, and 3,581 acres are owned by non-citizens.[2]

The reservation is divided into two separate parcels by the geographic feature Miller Bay. The towns of Suquamish and Indianola both lie within the bounds of the reservation. A resident population of 6,536 persons was counted in the 2000 census.


Chief Seattle's final resting place on the Port Madison Reservation in Suquamish, Washington in 2008

The reservation was authorized by the Point Elliott Treaty of January 22, 1855, for the Suquamish people, and was established by an executive order issued October 21, 1864.[3] Other Coast Salish peoples, including the Duwamish and Sammamish, also moved to the reservation. When the land was reserved by the Point Elliott Treaty, all land was held by Tribal members and designated for their sole use. However, a series of procedures designed to accommodate non-Indigenous land acquisition created a situation where the reservation is widely interspersed with non-Tribal ownership.

Economic development[edit]

None of the tribe's reservation is zoned for agriculture.[1] In 2012, the tribe established a shellfish nursery on a floating dock, where they raise clams.[1]

Successful economic development since the early 1990s has given the Suquamish Tribe government the ability to reacquire land lost during the allotment era, and "the Tribe and Tribal members now own more than half of the land on the reservation for the first time in recent history," Suquamish Tribe communications director April Leigh said in a story in the North Kitsap Herald.[2] Recent major acquisitions include White Horse Golf Club in 2010, placed into trust in March 2014; and 200 acres known as the Place of the Bear, in the Cowling Creek watershed, in November 2014.

Important sites[edit]

Completion of the Suquamish Museum in 2012 helped solidify Suquamish Village as a walkable cultural district which includes:

Notable tribal members[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d "Suquamish Tribe". Encyclopedia of the Puget Sound. Puget Sound Institute. 2012. Retrieved December 27, 2023.
  2. ^ a b "Suquamish Tribe's economic boom 'breathtaking'". North Kitsap Herald. January 30, 2015. Retrieved April 9, 2024.
  3. ^ Majors, Harry M. (1975). Exploring Washington. Van Winkle Publishing Co. p. 82. ISBN 978-0-918664-00-6.
  4. ^ Lange, Greg (June 7, 2018). "On this day: Chief Seattle dies in 1866". KIRO 7. Retrieved December 27, 2023.


External links[edit]

47°43′57″N 122°33′18″W / 47.732396°N 122.554893°W / 47.732396; -122.554893