Port Shepstone

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Port Shepstone
Port Shepstone Lighthouse
Port Shepstone Lighthouse
Port Shepstone is located in KwaZulu-Natal
Port Shepstone
Port Shepstone
Port Shepstone is located in South Africa
Port Shepstone
Port Shepstone
Coordinates: 30°45′00″S 30°27′00″E / 30.75000°S 30.45000°E / -30.75000; 30.45000Coordinates: 30°45′00″S 30°27′00″E / 30.75000°S 30.45000°E / -30.75000; 30.45000
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceKwaZulu-Natal
DistrictUgu
MunicipalityRay Nkonyeni
Area
 • Total38.02 km2 (14.68 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total35,633
 • Density940/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
 • Black African39.7%
 • Coloured6.3%
 • Indian/Asian32.1%
 • White21.3%
 • Other0.5%
First languages (2011)
 • English55.3%
 • Zulu21.4%
 • Xhosa10.5%
 • Afrikaans9.3%
 • Other3.5%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
4240
PO box
4240
Area code039

Port Shepstone is a town situated on the mouth of the Mzimkhulu River, the largest river on the KwaZulu-Natal South Coast of South Africa.[2] It is located halfway between Hibberdene and Margate and is positioned 120 km south of Durban. It is the administrative, educational and commercial centre for southern Natal.

History[edit]

The town was founded in 1867 when marble was discovered near the Mzimkhulu River mouth, and is named after Sir Theophilus Shepstone of the Natal government of the 1880s.

William Bazley built a harbour, and the first coaster entered the harbour on May 8, 1880. In 1882 a party of 246 Norwegian immigrants settled in the town and subsequently started to play a major role in the development of the area. Post the opening of the railway to Durban in 1901, the harbour fell into disuse and eventually the river silted up again, making it impossible to use. The 27,000-candela lighthouse still stands at the mouth of the Mzimkulu River.

Norwegian settlers[edit]

Norwegian immigration to Port Shepstone began in the late 19th century, when 246 Norwegians (along with 175 Briton and 112 German settlers) came ashore with a steamship which arrived in 1882. The soon-to-be settlers founded a nearby interior village within the same year, known as Marburg. The Norwegian settlers played a large role in the development of not only Marburg, but also Port Shepstone and nearby areas.[3][4] Norwegian immigration to the region was a result of the Natal Immigration Board’s efforts to claim land for Europeans in South Africa. When the Norwegians first arrived, they were the largest European group in Alfred County. Remains of the Norwegian presence can still be seen today in certain places of the town, such as, Fredheim and Oslo Beach, with its main street King Haakon Drive.[5]

The Norwegians erected a Norwegian Lutheran church, school, cultural hall, choir, and rowing club. A newspaper in Norwegian language was also distributed in Port Shepstone. Drinks such as akvavit and cuisine, including cheese from soured milk, were easily accessible.[6] When the Norwegians arrived, few European settlers lived in the area and the town of Port Shepstone consisted of one hotel, two cabins, one shop, and little else.[7]

After Norwegian settlement[edit]

Port Shepstone was declared “a full fiscal port’ in 1893, and after Durban officially became the region’s second harbour. Eventually, though, the ongoing wreckages and arrival of the railway, was to see the gradual closure of the harbour and the start of the real Port Shepstone boom.[8]

When the railroad arrived in Port Shepstone in 1901, the travel time to Durban was reduced to five hours, and the city became far less isolated. The railway connection opened for increased immigration for other settlers, and the Norwegians were soon outnumbered by German and British settlers. Between 1911-12, the number of students at the Norwegian school became too low for the school to keep open, and it consequentially closed.[9][10]

Administration[edit]

Port Shepstone is governed by the Ray Nkonyeni Local Municipality, which is part of the larger Ugu District Municipality. It is not only a regional economic hub for the South Coast but also the seat for both Ray Nkonyeni and Ugu municipalities.

Geography[edit]

The town lies on the Indian Ocean coastline, which lies to the east and is surrounded by its extensions of Umtentweni to the north, Boboyi to the west and Shelly Beach to the south.

Port Shepstone's greater area extends from Oslo Beach in the south, to Melville in the north and Merlewood in the west. Nearby towns include Margate, Hibberdene, Boboyi, Shelly Beach and Uvongo.

Suburbs[edit]

[11]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Port Shepstone
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
24
(75)
23
(73)
21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
22
(72)
23
(73)
25
(77)
23
(73)
Daily mean °C (°F) 23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
21
(70)
19
(66)
17
(63)
16
(61)
17
(63)
18
(64)
19
(66)
20
(68)
22
(72)
19
(66)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
17
(63)
15
(59)
12
(54)
12
(54)
13
(55)
15
(59)
16
(61)
18
(64)
19
(66)
16
(61)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 121
(4.8)
126
(5.0)
148
(5.8)
82
(3.2)
60
(2.4)
31
(1.2)
38
(1.5)
49
(1.9)
87
(3.4)
114
(4.5)
123
(4.8)
127
(5.0)
1,106
(43.5)
Source: Weatherbase [12]

Facilities[edit]

Port Shepstone has two police stations and two hospitals, Port Shepstone Regional Hospital [13] and Hibiscus Private Hospital[14][15], and two shopping centers, notably, Shelly Centre[16] and Oribi Plaza.[17]

The Port Shepstone Country Club is located on the northern banks of the Mzimkhulu River opposite the CBD in Umtentweni. Other golf courses in the broader area are in Margate, Southbroom, Hibberdene, Pennington and Scottburgh.

Education[edit]

The first school was opened in 1883, but by 1950, the school became too small. The Port Shepstone School split into two, the Port Shepstone Primary School and the Port Shepstone High School. There is also the Port Shepstone Secondary School. There are other schools in the surrounding areas such as Mlonde High School, Marburg Secondary School, Marburg Primary School, R.A Engar Primary School, Jai Hind Primary School, Margate Middle School, Margate Primary, Ingwemabala Comprehensive High School, Makhanda Secondary School and Insingizi Combined Primary School

Economy[edit]

As the KZN South Coast's main economic hub, Port Shepstone includes the head offices for the Ugu District Municipality and Ray Nkonyeni Local Municipality. There is also a Magistrates court and the Department of Home Affairs, South African Social Security Agency (SASSA), Small Enterprise Development Agency (SEDA) and the South African Revenue Service (SARS) have regional offices in Port Shepstone.[18][19][20][21][22]

The manufacturing hub in the KwaZulu-Natal South Coast is mainly centered around Port Shepstone, especially around Marburg, which is a suburb that lies west of Port Shepstone and is the KZN South Coast's main industrial hub.[23][24]

The town's industries also include a sugar mill, a lime works and a marble quarry. Additionally, timber, wattle bark and sub-tropical fruit are produced in the district.

Tourism[edit]

Port Shepstone is not only an economic hub in the South Coast but is also a tourist hub.

Attractions include the Mzimkhulu River Marina, which has leisure boat trips on the river in which people can admire the rich wildlife and bird life along the banks of the river.[25]

Other attractions include the Port Shepstone Museum; the museum includes the town's history with a series of exhibits carrying a maritime theme; the Port Shepstone Lighthouse, which has a 27 000 candela lighthouse that still stands at the mouth of the Mzimkhulu River. The present day cast iron lighthouse was erected during 1906 and can still be explored today.[26][27][28]

Attractions in the broader area (KZN South Coast) include the Oribi Gorge 21 km west of Port Shepstone, Aliwal Shoal, Umtanvuma Nature Reserve, Pure Venom Reptile Farm and the Riverbend Crocodile Farm among others.[29][30]

Beaches in the greater Port Shepstone area include Anerley, Banana Beach, Melville, Oslo Beach, Port Shepstone (main beach), Sea Park, Southport, Sunwich Port and Umtentweni.

Media[edit]

Local newspapers in Port Shepstone include the South Coast Herald and South Coast Fever which serve the entirety of the KwaZulu-Natal South Coast.[31][32]

The Ugu Youth Radio is a youth radio which is based in Port Shepstone and caters to the needs of the Zulu-speaking community. Other radios which serve Port Shepstone and surroundings include East Coast Radio, Gagasi FM, Vuma FM and Ukhozi FM, all of which are based either to the North of KwaZulu-Natal or central Durban.

Transport[edit]

Air[edit]

The nearest airport is Margate Airport, which is located in the namesake town and is about 20 km south-west of Port Shepstone. The airport is small-scale, and only offers one scheduled domestic route to Johannesburg. King Shaka International Airport, near Durban, is about 165 km north-east of Port Shepstone and has many domestic and international air routes.

Busses[edit]

Bus companies that operate long-distance routes to and from Port Shepstone include Intercape, Greyhound and Citiliner. These buses normally terminate around the Central Business District (CBD) near Port Shepstone High School, Shell petrol station or opposite Oribi Plaza Shopping Centre.[33][34]

Rail[edit]

Port Shepstone railway station opened in 1917, serving as both the southern terminus of the Cape gauge line from & to Durban, as well as the southern coastal terminus of the narrow gauge Alfred County Railway to Harding.

After the standard gauge Transnet passenger services shut down in 1986, the ACR continued operations until 2005, when the famous Banana Express ceased operation.[35]

Road[edit]

Exit 51 of the N2 highway in Port Shepstone with a board sign indicating the exit to Port Shepstone North and St Faith's[36]

The N2 highway from Durban has two off ramps in Port Shepstone, exit 45 and exit 51.

Exit 45 is where the N2 meets the R61 highway to Margate and Port Edward and is where the N2 goes inland, away from the coast towards Kokstad. The off-ramp is also where the Oribi Toll Plaza is situated and as from there the R61 completes the last leg of the South Coast Toll Route. Exit 51 is located north of Port Shepstone in Umtentweni and the road at the off-ramp connects to Umtentweni and St Faith's.

An alternative route to the South Coast Toll Route is to either take the R102 if heading north towards Durban or south towards Port Shepstone and the R620 heading south towards Margate and Southbroom and north towards Port Shepstone.

Places of Worship[edit]

Islam[edit]

  • Albersville Masjid[37]
  • Juma Masjid[37]
  • Shelly Beach Musallah[37]

Christian[edit]

  • AGS Kingsway Port Shepstone
  • Alfred County Presbyterian Church
  • Oslo Beach Kingdom Hall
  • Vision Christian Fellowship

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Port Shepstone". Census 2011.
  2. ^ "Route 56". www.route56.co.za.
  3. ^ Raper, R.E. Dictionary of Southern African Place Names. Human Sciences Research Council (South Africa).
  4. ^ Bond, John (1956). They were South Africans. OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS. p. 90.
  5. ^ Odén, Bertil and Haroub Othman (1989). Regional Cooperation in Southern Africa: A Post-apartheid Perspective. Nordic Africa Institute. Pages 38-39. ISBN 9789171062987.
  6. ^ Kjerland, Kirsten Alsaker (2014). Navigating Colonial Orders: Norwegian Entrepreneurship in Africa and Oceania. Berghahn Books. Page XV. ISBN 9781782385400.
  7. ^ Lund, Fredrik Larsen (2017). Norske utposter. Vega forlag. Page 345. ISBN 978-82-8211-537-7.
  8. ^ "Port Shepstone history | Port Shepstone information | Port Shepstone tourism". www.southcoasthappenings.co.za. Retrieved 2020-06-15.
  9. ^ Lund, Fredrik Larsen (2017). Norske utposter. Vega forlag. Pages 390-391. ISBN 978-82-8211-537-7.
  10. ^ "Port Shepstone history | Port Shepstone information | Port Shepstone tourism". www.southcoasthappenings.co.za. Retrieved 2020-06-15.
  11. ^ "The Post Code Site >> Fast South African post code lookups :: Box Code search". www.postcodesite.co.za. Retrieved 2020-05-02.
  12. ^ "Climate Statistics for Port Shepstone, Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa". Retrieved May 8, 2012.
  13. ^ "Port Shepstone Regional Hospital". www.kznhealth.gov.za. Retrieved 2020-10-19.
  14. ^ .https://www.hph.co.za
  15. ^ "Hibiscus Private Hospital". TravelGround. Retrieved 2020-10-19.
  16. ^ https://foursquare.com/v/sheppie-mall/50bf19a9e4b0977f877a8c8et has a variety of shops and shopping centres like Sheppy Mall
  17. ^ "Oribi Plaza - South Coast Directory". southcoastdirectory.co.za. Retrieved 2020-10-19.
  18. ^ "Justice/Resources/Magisterial District Areas". www.justice.gov.za. Retrieved 2020-06-15.
  19. ^ "Department of Home Affairs - Port Shepstone Local Office Large". www.dha.gov.za. Retrieved 2020-06-15.
  20. ^ "Port Shepstone". www.sars.gov.za. Retrieved 2020-06-15.
  21. ^ L2B. "Leads 2 Business: Online Tenders in SA". Leads 2 Business. Retrieved 2020-06-15.
  22. ^ "😀😡😇 Seda - Port Shepstone, Small Business Development Corporation, Kwazulu Natal, ...039 688 1". www.africanadvice.com. Retrieved 2020-06-15.
  23. ^ Wanna, John (December 2011). "Treasury and Economic Policy - Beyond the Dismal Science". Australian Journal of Public Administration. 70 (4): 347–364. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8500.2011.00747.x. ISSN 0313-6647.
  24. ^ Kleynhans, Ewert P.J.; Coetzee, Clive (2019-01-17). "Assessment of Financial Conditions of South African Municipalities: A Unique Model for KwaZulu-Natal". Southern African Business Review. 23. doi:10.25159/1998-8125/4396. ISSN 1998-8125.
  25. ^ "Umzimkulu Marina in Port Shepstone, KwaZulu Natal". www.sa-venues.com. Retrieved 2020-06-11.
  26. ^ Ka-Nkosi, Thami. "Port Shepstone receives brand new Maritime Museum". News24. Retrieved 2020-06-11.
  27. ^ "PICS: Port Shepstone Maritime Museum opens". South Coast Herald. 2018-10-31. Retrieved 2020-06-11.
  28. ^ "Port Shepstone Lighthouse in Port Shepstone, KwaZulu Natal". www.sa-venues.com. Retrieved 2020-06-11.
  29. ^ "Pure Venom Reptile Park, Shelly Beach Information | WhereToStay.co.za". www.wheretostay.co.za. Retrieved 2020-06-11.
  30. ^ "Riverbend Crocodile Farm". Riverbend Crocodile Farm. Retrieved 2020-06-11.
  31. ^ "South Coast Herald - South Coast Directory". www.southcoastdirectory.co.za. Retrieved 2020-06-15.
  32. ^ "South Coast Fever - Contact Us". News24. Retrieved 2020-06-15.
  33. ^ "Port Shepstone: Port Shepstone bus station for Intercape and Citiliner". Busbud. Retrieved 2020-06-15.
  34. ^ "port shepstone Archives". Greyhound Busses. Retrieved 2020-06-15.
  35. ^ "KNOCKING LINES OFF THE MAP". railwaysafrica.com. 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-07-10.
  36. ^ "Google Image Result for https://pbs.twimg.com/media/D70R4LOXUAAcEzE.jpg". www.google.com. Retrieved 2020-07-03. External link in |title= (help)
  37. ^ a b c "https://www.samd.co.za/majidsnatal.php". South African Muslim Directory. External link in |title= (help)