Port Williams, Nova Scotia

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Port Williams
Village
Official seal of Port Williams
Seal
Nickname(s): 
The Port, P-Dubs
Motto(s): 
A Progressive Community
Port Williams is located in Nova Scotia
Port Williams
Port Williams
Location of Port Williams in Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 45°05′52″N 64°24′34″W / 45.09778°N 64.40944°W / 45.09778; -64.40944Coordinates: 45°05′52″N 64°24′34″W / 45.09778°N 64.40944°W / 45.09778; -64.40944
Country Canada
Province Nova Scotia
CountyKings County
Founded1760
Incorporated1951
Government
 • ChairLewis Benedict
 • Governing BodyPort Williams Village Commission
Highest elevation
14 m (46 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total1,120[1]
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (ADT)
Postal code
B0P 1T0
Area code(s)902
Telephone Exchange542
Websiteportwilliams.com
  • Median household income, 2005 ($) (all households)

Port Williams is a Canadian village in Kings County, Nova Scotia. It is located on the north bank of the Cornwallis River, named after Edward Cornwallis, first governor of Nova Scotia.[2] As of 2016, the population was 1,120.[3]

History[edit]

The village was once part of the Acadian settlement of Rivière-aux-Canards who created dykes along the river beginning in the late 1600s. These dykes protect valuable farm land that is used by the local agriculture industry every year, and is considered very productive farm land.

18th Century[edit]

After the Expulsion of the Acadians in 1755, the area around Port Williams was settled by the New England Planters in 1760 as part of Cornwallis Township. The Terry and Lockwood families took up land at the site of Port Williams and the location became known as Terry's Creek. A small wooden bridge was built at Port Williams in 1780, followed by more permanent bridge in the 1830s which attracted more settlement.[4]

Monument to Samuel Bayard of the King's Orange Rangers, Middleton Park, Middleton, Nova Scotia, Canada
Hero of Battle of Blomindon, Lieutenant Benjamin Belcher is the namesake of Belcher St., Port Williams, Nova Scotia

During the American Revolution the local fortification Fort Hughes (Nova Scotia) was decommissioned in 1780. In the spring of 1781, Samuel Bayard (promoted to major on February 9, 1781) was ordered to take a detachment of King's Orange Rangers overland from Halifax to Cornwallis (near present-day Port Williams) to overawe local Planters who were planning to erect a Liberty Pole and thereby break with the King. There they fixed bayonets and "with bright weapons glittering, colours flying and drums beating, they marched up Church Street and back to Town Plot, where the barracks stood." This show of force brought the locals back in line. Months after the arrival of the King's Orange Rangers, American privateers were captured by the local militia in the Battle of Blomindon.

Bayard took an interest in the Annapolis Valley, and after the war he took up a grant of 4,730 acres at Wilmot Mountain.[5]

The reputation of the Regiment grew in these later years. A few months before disbandment, Brigadier-General Henry Edward Fox expressed:

... the great satisfaction he has received in seeing the two provincial battalions of Royal N.S. Volunteers and the King's Orange Rangers, and highly approves of their discipline and military appearance ...[6]

The King's Orange Rangers were disbanded in the autumn of 1783.

19th Century[edit]

Port Williams became an important regional shipping point for lumber and agriculture. In the days of sailing vessels, the river was used extensively to bring ships into the port to transport apples, lumber and potatoes, to be shipped to the world market, especially Great Britain.[2] The village was renamed in honour of Sir William Fenwick Williams, who fought in the Siege of Kars (which is the namesake of Kars Street, Port Williams). Sir Williams became the first post Canadian Confederation Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia. The railway arrived in 1869 with the construction of the Windsor and Annapolis Railway, later to become the Dominion Atlantic Railway. A station was built for Port Williams across the river in Greenwich. In 1884, Hantsport apple exporter W. H. Chase built the first apple warehouse in Nova Scotia beside the station, quickly followed by many others in the 1890s paving the way for a rapid growth in the apple industry in Nova Scotia.[7]

20th Century[edit]

Port Williams became a focus of the apple industry with a larger barrel making factory and a processing plant for apple exporter W.H. Chase. The wharves were rebuilt so serve large steamships in 1930 and continued in use until the 1970s. Although the apple industry declined after World War Two, several apple processing plants remained in Port Williams. Poultry, bulk feed and fuel feed plants were built around the railway until it ceased service to Port Williams in 2006.[8] In 1972 the government gave $100,000 to renovate the wharf. Three years later the widest ship to dock at Port Williams brought a load of soybean meal to the port from Chicago.[2]

Local attractions[edit]

The Port Pub on Kars Street/Terrys Creek Road was founded by residents of the village for a place to gather and have a drink.[9] The pub prides itself on using only local suppliers, with some only 5 km away from the pub.[9]

The Fox Hill cheese house is located very close to Port Williams. It was founded in 2004 by a local dairy farmer, and has since grown to become a very well known cheese producer.[10] It uses fresh milk to make cheese, yogurt,and gelato.[10]

The village is home to Port Williams Elementary School, located on Belcher Street. The school was built in 1966, and includes a gymnasium, modern music room and many class rooms.[11]

At 1441 Church Street, you'll find Planters Ridge Winery. They make the Nova Scotia Appellation Tiday Bay wine which received the Lieutenant Governor's Award. Opened in 2013, they have been creating well balanced, aromatic wines from their estate using hybrid grapes, along with growing popular varieties such as Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, and Riesling.

Gallery[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Census Profile, 2016 Census - Port Williams [Population centre], Nova Scotia and Nova Scotia [Province]". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2017-02-08.
  2. ^ a b c "Village of Port Williams - Our History". www.portwilliams.com. Retrieved 2016-12-01.
  3. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Census Profile, 2016 Census - Port Williams [Population centre], Nova Scotia and Nova Scotia [Province]". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2017-02-08.
  4. ^ C. Bruce Fergusson, "Port Williams", Place-Names and Places of Nova Scotia Nova Scotia Archives (1967), p. 559.
  5. ^ "King's Orange Rangers", John G. Leefe, Liverpool 1996, pp 12-13
  6. ^ Piers, Harry; "The Fortieth Regiment, Raised at Annapolis Royal in 1717; and Five Regiments Subsequently Raised in Nova Scotia"; Collections of the Nova Scotia Historical Society, vol. XXI, Halifax, NS, 1927, p 163
  7. ^ "Port Williams", Dominion Atlantic Railway Digital Preservation Initiative
  8. ^ "Port Williams Industry and Commerce", Dominion Atlantic Railway Digital Preservation Initiative
  9. ^ a b "The Port Pub - About Us". www.theportpub.com. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  10. ^ a b "About Fox Hill Cheese House". www.foxhillcheesehouse.com. Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  11. ^ "Home | Port Williams Elementary School". www.pwes.ednet.ns.ca. Retrieved 2016-12-01.

External links[edit]