Port of Anchorage

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Anchorage
Port
Anchorage Alaska aerial view.jpg
Oblique aerial view of the Port of Anchorage, Alaska in 1999
Official name: Port of Anchorage
Named for: 1915 Alaska Railroad construction townsite and P.O.
Country United States
State Alaska
Borough Anchorage
Township T13-14N,R3-4W Seward Meridian
Municipality Anchorage
Borders on Kenai Peninsula, Matanuska-Susitna, Valdez-Cordova
City Anchorage
Location Knik Arm, Cook Inlet, Pacific Ocean
 - elevation 16 ft (5 m) [1]
 - coordinates 61°14′25″N 149°53′10″W / 61.24028°N 149.88611°W / 61.24028; -149.88611Coordinates: 61°14′25″N 149°53′10″W / 61.24028°N 149.88611°W / 61.24028; -149.88611 [1]
Founded 1961
Management Anchorage Port Commission
Owner Municipality of Anchorage
Port Director Stephen Ribuffo
 - Deputy Port Director Sharen Walsh, P.E.
 - Port Engineer Todd Cowles, P.E.
 - Director,
Finance & Administration
Cheryl Beckham
 - Manager,
Operations/Maintenance
Stuart Greydanus
Timezone AKST (UTC-9)
 - summer (DST) AKDT (UTC-8)
ZIP code 99501
Area code +1 907
USGS GNIS 1424961
Topo map USGS Anchorage, Alaska
Annual Tonnage 3,450,243 (2014)
Annual TEUsA[›] 280848 (2006)
Location of Anchorage in Alaska
Website: www.portofanc.com

The Port of Anchorage (POA) is a deep-water port located in Anchorage, Alaska with 3 bulk carrier berths, two petroleum berths, and one barge berth. It is an enterprise department of the Municipality of Anchorage. As such, the Port is distinguished from other types of municipal departments largely because it generates enough revenue to support its operations without being a burden to Anchorage property tax payers, and it also pays a fee-in-lieu of taxes to help run city government.

The POA provides critical transportation infrastructure to the citizens of Anchorage and to a majority of the citizens of the State of Alaska both within and beyond the Railbelt. Seventy-four percent of all the waterborne freight and ninety-five percent of the refined petroleum products entering the state through Southcentral Alaska ports is shipped through the Port of Anchorage. This includes 100 percent of the jet fuel supplied to Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson and approximately 66 percent of the jet fuel for Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport.

The Port Director is appointed by the Mayor and reports to the Municipal Manager. There is a nine-person Commission, also appointed by the Mayor, responsible for promulgating the Port’s terminal tariff. Despite its enterprise distinction, the Port acts as a standard municipal department with the Anchorage Assembly approving its annual budget, contracts, tariffs, and leases. Additionally, needed legal, financial and other day-to-day support are provided, for a fee, by the appropriate general government departments acting as an extension of the Port’s staff. All Port operating activities are subject to municipal code.

The existing port was substantially built in the late 1950s and is reaching the end of its useful life. The Anchorage Port Modernization Project (APMP) is intended to provide new berthing facilities for the shipping companies calling at the Port.

In the late 1990s, following studies of then-existing and projected future needs, geotechnical and structural design studies and an Environmental Assessment prepared under the direction of the U.S. Maritime Administration (MARAD), the final Environmental Assessment identified a proprietary design known as Open Cell Sheet Pile (OCSP) as the preferred alternative for the wharf and berthing area of the new expansion project. Construction began in 2006 in an area known as the North Backlands. Installation of the OCSP system began in 2008, the result of which was creation of a barge berth and approximately 60 acres of new land.

Geography[edit]

The Port of Anchorage is located on the Anchorage side of the Knik Arm of the Cook Inlet on the Pacific Ocean.

A 128.96-acre (52.19 ha) industrial park adjoins the port to the east. Approximately 80.87 acres (32.73 ha) of the park are under long-term lease to various port users. Additionally, there are 31.0 acres (12.5 ha) for the staging and storage of marine cargo in transit. However, a majority of that acreage is presently occupied by the two major general cargo carriers.

Climate[edit]

The Port of Anchorage has operated year-round through extreme climate and tides.

Ice[edit]

Typically between October and November, pan ice develops in the Knik Arm of the Cook Inlet but does not fully freeze over for the winter.[2]

Between March and May, the pan ice melts.[2]

Since opening day in 1961, the Port of Anchorage has been able to accommodate a regular schedule of cargo delivery to Alaska's Railbelt. Operations have never been stopped due to icy conditions.

History[edit]

The Port of Anchorage began operations in September 1961, and in its first year over 38,000 tons of marine cargo moved across its single berth. It was the only port in South Central Alaska to survive the 1964 Good Friday earthquake and became the main shipping hub for consumer and essential goods entering southcentral Alaska. The Port has since expanded to a five-berth terminal providing facilities for the movement of containerized freight, iron and steel products, bulk petroleum, and cement. The peak of the port's operations occurred in 2005 when, for the first time, more than 5 million tons of various commodities moved across its docks.[3] The port celebrated its 50th year of service in 2011.[3]

Carriers[edit]

Anchorage is served regularly by two major carriers, Matson Navigation Company (formerly Horizon Lines, Inc.[4]) and Totem Ocean Trailer Express (TOTE), which bring four to five ships weekly from Tacoma, Washington. Petroleum tankers supply jet fuel for airport operations, barges on-load petroleum products for western and Interior Alaska, and ships from Japan and Korea call frequently, transporting construction materials, pipeline for the north slope, or loading refined petroleum.[3]

Connections[edit]

Rail[edit]

Direct connection to Alaska Railroad, a Class II railroad serving South Central Alaska and Interior Alaska.

Truck[edit]

Nearby truck access to the Alaska intrastate highway routes:

Facilities[edit]

Maritime services[edit]

Port facilities include three cargo terminals and two petroleum terminals. Gantry Crane and roll-on, roll-off capability On terminal Class 1 rail service Immediate major Alaska highway access Experienced, 24/7 security force Expertise handling multi-modal project cargo Over 50 years supporting Alaska in cargo, cement, fuel, etc.

Docks are maintained at a full seaway depth, which is 35 feet (11 m) to 45 feet (14 m).[5]

The docks have excellent direct connections with the Alaska Railroad, and highway connections to Alaska intrastate highway routes.

Anchorage terminal[edit]

Cargo[edit]

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Dry Bulk Goods 124,089 116,789 81,494 109,228 118,280 119,939 119,271 140,684
Petroleum, NOS 2,618 2,648 2,032 1,660 2,052 1,454 2,615 2,031
Vans/Flats/Containers 1,785,518 1,831,816 1,713,086 1,736,943 1,705,176 1,658,813 1,742,704 1,811,136
Vehicles 5,381 10,725 1,473 0 864 0 0 0
Petroleum, Shoreside 1,698,581 1,830,848 1,426,711 1,192,705 1,376,909 1,046,636 952,631 916,050
Petroleum, Bulk-Dockside 699,727 577,236 573,352 922,426 931,931 829,900 586,041 580,343
Total Tons 4,315,913 4,370,061 3,798,148 3,962,962 4,135,211 3,656,741 3,403,261 3,450,243

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

^ A: TEU means Twenty-foot equivalent units. Foreign empties are not included.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Port of Anchorage". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  2. ^ a b "Technical Report - Marine Ice Atlas for Cook Inlet, Alaska - Table 3 - Northern Cook Inlet" (PDF). Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. 
  3. ^ a b c "Port of Anchorage - History". Municipality of Anchorage, Alaska. 
  4. ^ Schwing, Emily (5 June 2015). "With Matson acquisition final, Horizon Lines no longer exists". KTOO (Juneau, United States). Retrieved 5 June 2015. 
  5. ^ "Anchorage Harbor Navigation" (PDF). Civil Works Branch, Alaska District, Pacific Ocean Division, United States Army Corps of Engineers. 

General references[edit]

External links[edit]