Port of Chiba

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Port of Chiba
千葉港
View from Chiba Port-Tower Southeast.jpg
Southeast view from Chiba Port Tower
Location
Country Japan
Location Chiba Prefecture
Coordinates 35°36′27″N 140°06′14″E / 35.607627°N 140.103836°E / 35.607627; 140.103836
Details
Opened 1953
Operated by Chiba Prefecture
Land area 24,800 hectares (61,000 acres)
Statistics
Vessel arrivals 65,200
Annual cargo tonnage 166,964,000 metric revenue tons
Annual container volume 41,780 twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU)
Website
http://www.pref.chiba.lg.jp/cs-chiba-k/index.html(Japanese)

The Port of Chiba (千葉港?, Chiba-kō) is the largest seaport in Japan, located in Chiba Prefecture on the interior of Tokyo Bay. The Port spans 24,800 hectares (61,000 acres) across the cities of Ichikawa, Funabashi, Narashino, Chiba, Ichihara, and Sodegaura.[1][2]

History[edit]

Port activity has existed in the area since the Kamakura period. By the end of the Edo period the port had an active trade in salt and grain with the Port of Yokohama. Land reclamation for port facilities began in 1910. The port sustained extensive damage in aerial bombing during World War II. The modern Port of Chiba opened in August 1953, and played a large part in the building of the import/export economy following the war.[2] The port became an integral part of the Keiyō Industrial Zone.

Cargo[edit]

The Port of Chiba handles 166,964,000 tons of cargo annually, ranking it second in Japan in terms of cargo handling. The Port handles 41,780 TEU, eighth in Japan. 65,200 vessels are handled annually. 94% of its cargo is industrial in nature.[3] It imports crude petroleum, liquid natural gas, and other oil products, and exports chemical and steel products, and vehicles.[4]

Management[edit]

The Port of Chiba is managed by the prefectural government, and is open continuously throughout the year. The central office of the port is in the Chūō-ku ward of the City of Chiba, with branch offices in Ichihara and Sodegaura. The port is accessed by rail via the JR East Keiyō Line (1 kilometre (0.62 mi)) and Narita International Airport (30 kilometres (19 mi)). [5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lloyd's list ports of the world. London: Informa Pub. Group, 2011. P. 738-739.
  2. ^ a b "千葉港" [Port of Chiba]. Dijitaru daijisen (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 
  3. ^ "The Port of Chiba". 
  4. ^ Ports & terminals guide. Redhill, Surrey, United Kingdom: IHS Fairplay, 2011. P. 2-1066-2-1067.
  5. ^ 千葉港湾事務所 [Port of Chiba Office] (in Japanese). Chiba, Chiba Prefecture: Chiba Prefectural Government. c. 2012. Retrieved June 12, 2012.