Port of Corpus Christi

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Port Corpus Christi
Location
Country United States
Location Port Corpus Christi, Texas
Coordinates 27°48′46″N 97°24′26″W / 27.81278°N 97.40722°W / 27.81278; -97.40722
Details
Opened September 14, 1926
Executive Director John LaRue
Statistics
Website
portofcorpuschristi.com

Port of Corpus Christi is the fourth-largest port in the United States in total tonnage. [1] Environmental initiatives are handled through the port's Environmental Management System (EMS). To fight crime and terrorism, public safety at Port Corpus Christi is handled by the Port Corpus Christi Police Department and its state-of-the-art security center.

History[edit]

Corpus Christi Harbor as seen from the Harbor Bridge circa 1993-1997

The need to build a deep-water port for Corpus Christi was realized after the devastating hurricane of September 14, 1919. Local business leaders realized that a deep-water port was a necessary catalyst to the local economy. Construction of Port Corpus Christi began. On September 14, 1926, seven years to the day after the devastating hurricane, an official "statewide" celebration of the opening of the Port was held.[2] At that time, the three navigation commissioners were Robert Driscoll, Chairman, John W. Kellam of Robstown, and W.W. Jones. The first port commission was appointed in 1923 with three members. In 1973, a special act of the legislature increased the number of commissioners to five, and in 1983, another special act of the legislature increased the number to seven.[3] In the early days of the port, cotton was king. Nueces County and surrounding counties were among the state's leaders in cotton production. Four cargo docks were ready when the port opened. The use of the port from its opening was so great, after only two years in 1928, the port went to the people with an issue of an additional $1,500,000 in bonds to build two more cargo docks. In 1930, the channel was deepened to 30 feet. In the early 1930s, large oil fields were discovered in San Patricio, Nueces, and neighboring counties. Refineries began to locate along the port. From the mid-1930s, the major portion of the tonnage moved through the port shifted from cotton to petroleum and petroleum products. In 1985, the Port of Corpus Christi was designated as a foreign trade zone (FTZ) and in 1986, the agreements were entered into with the first two users. The port's FTZ has subzones which include portions of the facilities of most of the refineries near the Port of Corpus Christi. A channel depth of 45 ft reached La Quinta Channel in 1975. By 1989, the 45-ft depth reached through the inner harbor, giving Corpus Christi the deepest waterway of any port in the Gulf of Mexico at the time. The late 80's and early 90's brought diversification efforts to enhance the economic foundation of the port by attracting new cargoes, including steel products, projects, refrigerated cargoes, military equipment, cruise ships, forest products, automobiles, containers, and more.[4][3][5]

Cargo[edit]

Port of Corpus Christi handles break bulk cargo, project cargo, oil and gas, dry bulk, agricultural, refrigerated cargo, and containerized cargo, among other commodities.[4] Cotton was the main cargo in its early days, and is still traded through the port today. Texas is now the top wind energy production state in the United States, producing more wind energy than all but five countries (the U.S., Germany, Spain, China, and India),[6] thus creating an increased demand for wind turbines. These turbines are also a main cargo moving through Port Corpus Christi. In 2009, the US Army Corps of Engineers approved the dredging of La Quinta Channel extension ahead of the construction of the La Quinta multipurpose facility. This facility (in construction phase, 2011) will provide Port Corpus Christi with the ability to handle an estimated 1 million 20-foot equivalent units annually.[7]

The top 10 commodities traded in 2014 are:[8]

Rank Inbound Outbound
1 Crude Oil Crude Oil
2 Fuel Oil Gasoline
3 Gas Oil Diesel
4 Bauxite Ore Sorghum
5 Feed Stock Condensate
6 Naphtha Feed stock
7 Aggregate Fuel oil
8 Reformate Naphta
9 Frac Sand Cumene
10 Benzene Alumina

Environmental[edit]

In January 2004, the Port of Corpus Christi Authority developed and implemented an environmental management system (EMS) through a Port EMS Assistance Project. It was a partnership effort with American Association of Port Authorities, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and Global Environment and Technology Foundation (GETF) for 11 ports to develop an EMS modeled after the ISO 14001 standard. The development and implementation took two years to complete and since that time Port Corpus Christi has been maintaining an award-winning EMS program. In 2007 Port Corpus Christi received ISO 14001 certification of its EMS program and continues to maintain this certification.[4][9] In 2010, Port of Corpus Christi received a grant from the EPA to repower its existing 1,000-horsepower locomotive switch engine with two 700-hp GENSET engines to help reduce diesel emissions at the port.[10] In 2011, the construction of six wind turbines began on port property. This is projected to provide over 30 million kilowatt-hours of clean energy power per year.[11][12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "WPS - Port of Corpus Christi contact information". Worldportsource.com. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  2. ^ "CORPUS CHRISTI, TX | The Handbook of Texas Online| Texas State Historical Association (TSHA)". Tshaonline.org. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  3. ^ a b "The History of the Port of Corpus Christi: 1926–2001". Retrieved November 1, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c Cite error: The named reference wps was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  5. ^ "OCEAN SHIPPING," Handbook of Texas Online <http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/eto01>, accessed November 03, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
  6. ^ "The Wind Coalition". The Wind Coalition. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  7. ^ Smith, Mike D. "Officials help break ground on La Quinta Gateway project in Portland » Corpus Christi Caller-Times". Caller.com. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  8. ^ "Yearly Reports". Retrieved February 26, 2016. 
  9. ^ http://www.epa.gov/sectors/pdf/2008/ports_bw.pdf
  10. ^ "EPA National Clean Diesel Campaign: Emissions Reduction Projects". Archived from the original on January 6, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2011. 
  11. ^ "North American Windpower: Revolution Energy Kicks Off Construction Of Harbor Wind Farm". Nawindpower.com. 2011-10-19. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  12. ^ Smith, Mike D. "Revolution Energy digs footprint for clean energy at Port of Corpus Christi » Corpus Christi Caller-Times". Caller.com. Retrieved 2013-12-10.