Port of Hamburg
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|Port of Hamburg
|Opened||7 May 1189
by Frederick I
Hamburg Port Authority
Hamburg Hafen und Logistik AG (HHLA)
Hamburg Port Authority
|Type of harbor||open tidal port|
|Land area||43.31 km2 (16.72 sq mi)|
|Size||73.99 km2 (28.57 sq mi)|
|Vessel arrivals||9,681 (2013)|
|Annual cargo tonnage||145.7 million tonnes (2014)|
|Annual container volume||9.73 million TEU (2014)|
|Passenger traffic||589,000 passengers (2014)|
|Annual revenue||€44.4 million (2004)|
|Main trades||basic pharmaceutical materials, coffee, spice, carpets, paper|
The Port of Hamburg (German mostly: Hamburger Hafen, in official usage also Hafen Hamburg) is a German sea port, located on the river Elbe in Hamburg, some 110 kilometres from the mouth of the Elbe into the North Sea.
It is Germany's largest port and is named the country's "Gateway to the World" (Tor zur Welt). In terms of TEU throughput, Port of Hamburg is the second-busiest port in Europe (after the port of Rotterdam) and 15th-largest worldwide. In 2014, 9.73 million TEUs  (20-foot standard container equivalents) were handled in Hamburg.
The harbour covers an area of 73.99 km² (64.80 km² usable), of which 43.31 km² (34.12 km²) are land areas. The location is naturally advantaged by a branching Elbe, creating an ideal place for a port complex with warehousing and transshipment facilities. The extensive free port enabled toll-free storing, but this was abandoned in 2013.
The port is almost as old as the history of Hamburg itself. Founded on 7 May 1189 by Frederick I for its strategic location, it has been Central Europe's main port for centuries and enabled Hamburg to develop early into a leading city of trade with a rich and proud bourgeoisie.
During the age of the Hanseatic League from the 13th to 16th century, Hamburg was considered second only to the port and city of Lübeck in terms of its position as a central trading node for sea-borne trade. With discovery of the Americas and the emerging transatlantic trade, Hamburg exceeded all other German ports. During the second half of the 19th century, Hamburg became Central Europe's main hub for transatlantic passenger and freight travel, and from 1871 onward it was Germany's principal port of trade. In her time the Hamburg America Line was the largest shipping company in the world. Since 1888, the HADAG runs a scheduled ferry service across various parts of the port and the Elbe. The Free Port, established on 15 October 1888, enabled traders to ship and store goods without going through customs and further enhanced Hamburg's position in sea trade with neighbouring countries. The Moldauhafen has a similar arrangement, though related to the Czech Republic exclusively.
The Speicherstadt, one of Hamburg's architectural icons today, is a large wharf area of 350,000 m² floor area on the northern shore of the river, built in the 1880s as part of the free port and to cope with the growing quantity of goods stored in the port.
Hamburg shipyards lost fleets twice after WWI and WWII, and during the partition of Germany between 1945 and 1990, the Port of Hamburg lost much of its hinterland and consequently many of its trading connections. However, since German reunification, the fall of the Iron Curtain and European enlargement, Hamburg has made substantial ground as one of Europe's prime logistics centres and as one of the world's largest and busiest sea ports.
Deepening of the river Elbe for large vessels is controversial for ecological reasons. In part due to cooperation with Lower Saxony and Bremen to build a new container port (JadeWeserPort) in the deep waters of Jadebusen in Wilhelmshaven, Hamburg withdrew from this plan after a change of government in 2001.
|Port||Operator||Type||Berths||Quay length||Quay cranes||Area (Ha)||Capacity (kTEU)|
|EUROGATE Container Terminal Hamburg (CTH)||Eurogate||Containers||6||2,050 m||21||140||2,900 |
|Container Terminal Altenwerder (CTA)||HHLA||Containers||4||1,400 m||26||110||> 3,000 |
|Container Terminal Burchardkai (CTB)||HHLA||Containers||8||2,850 m||22||140||5,200 |
|Container Terminal Tollerort (CTT)||HHLA||Containers||4||1,240 m||12||40||950|
|Buss Hansa Terminal||Multi-Purpose||840 m||9||30|
|Buss Ross Terminal||Multi-Purpose||230 m||1|
|Rhenus Midgard Hamburg||Rhenus Midgard Hamburg GmbH||Multi-Purpose||3||500 m||2|
|G.T.H. Getreide Terminal Hamburg||Getreide AG||bulk cargo||1||270 m|
|Kalikai||K+S Transport GmbH||bulk cargo|
|Louis Hagel||Louis Hagel GmbH & Co. KG||bulk cargo||2||300 m||1|
|Steinweg||bulk cargo||1,150 m||4||250|
|Buss Hansa Terminal||liquid cargo||840 m|
|Elbe Mineralölwerke||Royal Dutch Shell||liquid cargo||8/ship|
|Vopak Terminal Hamburg||Vopak||liquid cargo||840 m||9||720,000 cbm||5,000|
|Hamburg Cruise Center Altona||Passenger||1|
|Hamburg Cruise Center HafenCity||Passenger||2|
|Hamburg Cruise Center Steinwerder||Passenger||1|
Hamburg is a major cruise destination and one of Europe's largest ports of call for cruise passengers traveling the Atlantic, or the Norwegian and Baltic Seas. The port is also a major location for shipbuilder and shipyards, designing, building and reconditioning yachts and cruise liners. Hamburg has two passenger terminals for cruise ships: Hamburg Cruise Center HafenCity and Hamburg Cruise Center Altona, both capable of processing the world's largest cruise ships.
The Port of Hamburg is also one of Hamburg's largest attractions, both as a living, industrial and logistic center but also as a backdrop for modern culture and the port's history. Among these are various museum ships, musical theaters, bars, restaurants and hotels - and even a floating boat church.
The annual celebration of the harbour's birthday (Hafengeburtstag) during the first weekend of May is one of Hamburg's biggest public events. National and international visitors come to experience the festivities. Tugboats perform "ballets", old galleons and new cruise ships are open for tours, and fireworks explode at night.
Tour guides on boat tours in the harbour are called he lüchts (Low German for he is lying) after an often used call of dock workers when they overheard the stories told to tourists.
- Anzahl der Kreuzfahrtpassagiere im Hamburger Hafen in den Jahren 2000 bis 2015 (German), Statistisches Bundesamt, Wiesbaden 2016. Retrieved 26 June 2016
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Port of Hamburg.|
- Port of Hamburg Website
- Hamburg Chamber of Commerce Port of Hamburg: Facts, figures, and outlook
- HafenCity Website
- The Elbe Philharmonic Hall Currently under construction in the HafenCity
- Arts in the HafenCity
- Ship Movements, Photos & Videos from Hamburg