Port of Immingham

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Port of Immingham
Immingham Marine Control Centre - geograph.org.uk - 896324.jpg
Immingham Marine Control Centre
Location
Location Immingham
Coordinates 53°37′38″N 0°11′27″W / 53.62718°N 0.19097°W / 53.62718; -0.19097
Website
www.abports.co.uk

The Port of Immingham is a major east coast port, located on the south bank of the Humber estuary west of Grimsby, near the village of Immingham.

The port was established by the Humber Commercial Railway and Dock company in association with the Great Central Railway; the dock company incorporated and the works permitted by the Humber Commercial Railway and Dock Act of 1901. Construction of the dock started 1906 and was completed by 1912. The original main purpose of the dock was export of coal.

In the second half of the 20th century the port was considerably expanded beyond its locked dock, and east and west jetties; with the addition of several deep water jetties for bulk cargos: this included the Immingham Oil Terminal (1969, expanded 1994) for oil importation to the new Continental Oil Refinery and Lindsey Oil Refinerys; the Immingham Bulk Terminal (1970) built as a joint scheme by the NCB and BSC for coal export and iron ore import; the Immingham Gas Jetty (1985) for LPG import; and the Humber International Terminal (2000, expanded 2006) for bulk cargos. Roll-on/Roll-off terminals were first operated in 1966, and expanded within the dock in the 1990s, and outside the dock at the Immingham Outer Harbour (2006)

History[edit]

Background[edit]

See also: Port of Grimsby

From the mid 19th century onwards the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway developed the Port of Grimsby into a modern outlet for its rail system onto the east coast of England.

In 1874 a report was commissioned from Charles Liddell on alternatives to expansion at Grimsby – it recommended a new dock west of Grimsby at South Killingholme, preferable due to low land costs and proximity to the Humber estuary's navigable channel. Liddel's scheme was not proceeded with at that time.[1][2]

In 1900 the Humber Commercial Railway and Dock company was formed with the aim of expanding the Grimsby Docks system – it sought powers from parliament to build a new dock west adjacent of the Royal Dock, and north of Alexandra Dock, on the banks of the Humber;[3] this development was passed in 1901 as the Humber Commercial Railway and Dock Act.[4] The Great Central Railway (GCR), owner of the Grimsby Docks was willing to back the scheme, but sought the advice of Sir John Wolfe Barry, who reported that the approach channel to the dock would have required extensive dredging; he later reported in favour of a scheme near Immingham, similar in location to that earlier proposed by Liddel.[5][2] The GCR acquired land near their preferred dock, and informed the promoters of the scheme it was to withdraw its support, unless the scheme was changed to one better positioned on the Humber, near Stallingborough, nearer to a deep water channel;[2][5]

Plans were submitted to parliament in 1902 for a dock near Immingham,[6] but the bill was withdrawn due to conditions requiring the GCR to dredge the Humber shipping channels to undo any change though to have been caused by the dock works.[7] Under pressure from interested parties the Board of Trade commissioned an inspection of the channels, which reported that no serious negative change would be expected from the new dock works.[7] A bill was re-submitted in 1903. Features of the scheme were: a new dock in the parish of Immingham with lock and entrance channel, with jetties on the east and west side; a railway with a junction north of the Great Central Railway's line a Ulceby station to the dock; and rights to dredge, divert streams (Immingham Haven), to raise funds, to make working arrangements with the Great Central railway; and rights of compulsory purchase. The scheme was passed as the Humber Commercial Railway and Dock Act, 1904.[6][8][9] The 1904 act was modified by subsequent acts in 1908, 1909, and 1913, which extended the time for construction, allowed raising additional capital, and made minor changes to the original plans.[10][11][12] The primary purpose of the dock was export of coal from Derbyshire and Yorkshire coalfields.[13]

Construction and opening, 1906–1912[edit]

Immingham Dock and rail lines, c.1912

The dock was designed by the firm of Sir John Wolfe Barry and partners, and contracted to Price, Wills and Reeves (Westminster), constructed on a site of over 1,000 acres (4.0 km2), with a river frontage of about 1.5 miles (2.4 km).[14] Work was formally initiated on the dock by Lady Henderson, wife of the Great Central chairman Alexandra Henderson in July 1906.[14][15]

Three new short railway lines were sanctioned and constructed to connect to the dock from the west, east and south: these were the Humber Commercial Railway with a connection 5 miles (8.0 km) away at Ulceby,[map 1] on the former Great Grimsby and Sheffield Junction Railway (GG&SJR); the Barton and Immingham Light Railway ran from a junction near Goxhill (GG&SJR) connecting to the Humber Commercial line at a junction on the west side of the dock estate;[map 2] and the Grimsby District Light Railway to Grimsby connecting via a junction onto the Humber Commercial line,[map 3] on the east side of the dock estate.[14][16] The light railway to Grimsby was connected to the Great Coates branch by 1906; the line was used during the construction of the dock by the contractors, and a passenger service was begun in 1910.[17]

Initial work on the dock included diversion of drains, and dredging of the entrance channel to the Humber. Approximately 2,500,000 cubic yards (1,900,000 m3) of excavated material from the dock was used in the construction for levelling. The dock walls were made of concrete, with granite coping;[18] the lock pit was constructed with concrete side walls and a shallow inverted arch of brickwork at the invert.[19] Installation of the lock gates and their machinery was by Head Wrightson.[20]

As built (1912) the dock consisted of a main basin 1,100 feet (340 m) square,[map 4] with two arms to the northwest and south west of approximately 1,250 by 375 feet (381 by 114 m) long by wide; a total enclosed area of 55.5 acres (22.5 ha). The design incorporated space for two further arms on the east side, mirroring the western arms. The entrance lock was 840 by 90 feet (256 by 27 m) split by lock gates into sections of 320 and 540 feet (98 and 165 m);[map 5] the lock had 28 feet (8.5 m) of water depth at ordinary spring tides. At the entrance where two jetties extending 650 feet (200 m) into the river, forming a guiding shape for the lock entrance – the eastern jetty was intended to be used for passenger services,[map 6] whilst the western jetty found initial use as a coal loading point.[21][note 1][map 7]

The first dry dock was constructed adjacent parallel west of the entrance lock 740 by 56 feet (226 by 17 m) long by wide,[23][24][map 8] operated by Humber Commercial Railway and Dock Co. subsidiary the Humber Graving Dock & Engineering Co. Ltd..[25] East of the entrance lock was constructed the Dock Offices, built in a Arts and Crafts influenced style, with a Mansard roof encompassing dormer windows.[26][map 9]

Coal hoists on the south quay c.1912

The south quay of the dock was entirely equipped for coal export, with seven coal hoists, with capacity of 400 tons per hour. Extensive sidings were built mainly to the south of the dock, with inbound storage available for 8,000 (loaded) coal wagons, and outbound storage for 3500 wagons.[23] The northwestern arm was initially built as a timber pond, with adjacent rail sidings.[23] Coal hoists were hydraulically powered, supplied by gravity sidings carried across sidings by ferro-concrete bridges built by the Yorkshire Hennebique Contracting Company (Leeds). Six of the hoists were supplied by W.G. Armstrong Whitworth and Company; the seventh, a movable hoist was supplied by Tannet, Walker and Company (Leeds).[27] The north quay of the southwestern arm was used for pig iron handling, and was equipped with ten movable cranes from Armstrong Whitworth of lifting capacity of 5 or 3 tons, and a fixed crane with lifting capacity of up to 50 tons.[28] Further cranes from Cowans, Sheldon and Company (Carlisle) were supplied for the transit sheds.[29]

The hydraulic and electrical powerstation c.1912

Much of the dock equipment was power via hydraulic power, whilst electrical power transmission was used for lighting, railway signalling, pumping equipment for the graving dock, and other purposes, including conveyor motors in the grain silo.[30] For both purposes a power station, 188.5 by 104.5 feet (57.5 by 31.9 m) in ground plan was erected on the dock estate west of the main lock entrance.[map 10] Steam was supplied by eight 30 by 8.5 feet (9.1 by 2.6 m) long by wide Lancashire boilers at 180 pounds per square inch (1,200 kPa) – both hydraulic pumping and electrical generator plant was supplied by the same boilers, connected on a ring steam main. Hydraulic power was supplied via four pairs of horizontal condensing steam engines, with cylinder diameters of 24 and 44 inches (610 and 1,120 mm) with 36 inches (910 mm) stroke, each capable of pumping 700 imperial gallons (3,200 l; 840 US gal) per minute at 800 pounds per square inch (5,500 kPa) to two 36 feet (11 m) stroke accumulators. Most of the hydraulic machinery was supplied by W.G. Armstrong Whitworth and Company.[31] Electrical power was provided via Curtis type steam turbines-alternatos of 250 kilowatts (340 hp) (two machines), 500 kilowatts (670 hp), and 1,500 kilowatts (2,000 hp); supplying 6000V which was stepped down to 320V to drive rotary converters; distribution of power was via a 3-phase 6600V supply to substations on the dock estate, containing rotary converters supplying 460V DC. The electrical network included a substation halfway between Grimsby and Immingham supplying the Grimsby District Light Railway with 530V DC; as well as a 1200 kW 460V supply via overhead electrical cable to the Grimsby Docks. Most of the electrical equipment was supplied by British Thomson-Houston.[32]

The Humber Commercial Railway carried its first goods in July 1910.[33] The Barton and Immingham Light Railway opened May 1911.[34] A distant related work was the Doncaster Avoiding Line sanctioned 1903, and contracted in 1908 – the line allowed trains from west of Doncaster to avoid congestion at Doncaster station.[35] An electrified tram line, the Grimsby and Immingham Electric Railway, parallel to the Grimsby District Light Railway was begun 1909 and opened 1912.[36] On the dock estate a sixty locomotive capacity engine house was constructed.[37][map 11] (See also Immingham engine shed.)

Due to high demand for coal shipment facilities in the aftermath of a coal strike, the dock was provisionally opened on 15 May 1912.[38] The dock was official opened on 22 July 1912 by the King George V and Queen Mary;[39] at the ceremony permission was given to name the new dock "The King's Dock", a moniker which did not persist; Sam Fay, general manager of the GCR was unexpectedly knighted by the King during the proceedings.[40]

Shortly after opening a large reinforced concrete grain silo was completed (1913), capable of holding 20,000 tons of grain. The silo was built by Stuart's Granolithic Company, and grain handling equipment supplied by Henry Simon (Manchester).[41][map 12]

History (1914–1969)[edit]

Anti aircraft gunnery training, 1940s

During the First World War, Immingham was a submarine base for British D class submarine.[42]

During the 1930s the port was used for cruise ships, with vessels of the Orient Steam Navigation Company, White Star Line and Blue Star Line calling at the port.[43]

During the Second World War the port was used as a naval base, and was the Royal Navy's headquarters for the Humber.[43] Anti-aircraft batteries were located around the dock during the war[44][45]

During the war John Dowland and Leonard Harrison received the George Cross for defusing a bomb that had fallen onto the grain ship SS Kildare in February 1940 in Immingham Dock.[42]

In 1950 a fertilizer plant was established on the dock estate, to the southeast.[map 13] (See Fisons, Immingham.)

In 1957 construction of a new dry dock was begun, after acquisition of the Humber Gracing Dock & Engineering company by Richardsons Westgarth & Company & Co. Ltd.; the new dry dock opened 1960,[25][map 14] known as Henderson's Graving Dock.[46]

The port's first Roll-on/roll-off facility was constructed in 1966 for Tor Line.[43]

History (1970–present)[edit]

The Immingham Oil Terminal (IOT) jetty on the banks of the Humber west of the dock entrance was opened 1969.[47][map 15] The terminal was built to serve the new oil refinerys (Continental Oil Refinery and Lindsey Oil Refinery) built near west of the Immingham Dock site. The initial construction consisted of a pier into the Humber with two berths, suitable for ships up to 200,000 dwt. The dolphin berths were constructed from 71 inches (1,800 mm) diameter tubes with 32mm wall thickness driven over 60 feet (18 m) into the underlying ground, in groups of 3 to 6 tubes.[48]

Immingham Bulk Terminal was commissioned in 1970 jointly by the National Coal Board (NCB) and British Steel Corporation (BSC) in association with the British Transport Docks Board (BTDB) for the export of coal and import of steel.[47][49][map 16] The cost of the terminal was £11.5 million.[50] The coal terminal was designed to increase the efficiency of coal export by the NCB,[51] the terminal was taken over by the BTDB in 1973,[52] and leased back to the NCB and BSC, it was the NCB's main point of export for coal (1982).[53] The ore terminal was part of British Steel's "Anchor" modernisation project at its Scunthorpe Steelworks,[54] the ore terminal was completed 1972.[55] Vessel capacities for the terminals were 100,000 dwt for the ore terminal and 35,000 dwt for the coal terminal.[56]

A Liquid Petroleum Gas handling jetty "Immingham Gas Jetty" was opened in 1985 at a cost of £5 million;[map 17] the terminal was connected to underground storage operated by Conoco and Calor Gas.[57]

A third berth was commissioned at the Immingham oil terminal in 1994 at a cost of £18 million.[47][58]

In June 1995 a new £13.5 million terminal was opened for shipping company DFDS. Located on the southwestern arm of the dock, in 1999 the terminal had 4 roll-on/roll-off berths on a 50 acres (20 ha) site.[59][60]

The shipyard at the graving docks closed in 2001. The Henderson Graving Dock has been converted into a shipping berth.[46]

Humber International Terminal (HIT) became operational in August 2000. The terminal was built adjacent west of the Immingham Bulk Terminal on the Humber bank; a 300 metres (980 ft) berth dredged to a depth of 14.7 metres (48 ft) depth. The main work was contracted to Edmund Nuttall Ltd. and HAM Dredging Ltd..[map 18][61] In 2005 Associated British Ports decided to invest a further £15 million on a "Phase 2" extension of the terminal.[62] The phase two berth extended the terminal's quay by 220 metres (720 ft), and was built primarily to handle imported coal. The terminal was formally opened by the Princess Royal in 2006.[63]

A new Immingham West Jetty for petrochemical handling was contracted to Edmund Nuttall to a design by engineering firm Halcrow.[64]

In 2004 transport minister David Jamieson allowed the construction of a £35 million, 5 berth roll-on/roll-off terminals at the port, for ferry operators DFDS Tor Line, suitable for vessels up to 225 by 35 metres (738 by 115 ft).[65][66] The Immingham Outer Harbour Revision Order, 2004 permitted the construction of moorings and access ramps south and west of the jetty of the Humber International Terminal; and the removal of part of the Western jetty; as well as permitting dredging of a channel to the terminal to a maximum depth of 9 to 10 metres (30 to 33 ft).[67][68] Three of the five permitted berths were constructed, and the Immingham Outer Harbour opened 2006.[47][69][map 19]

In 2007/8, a £45 million 200000 ton (227,000 cubic metres (8,000,000 cu ft)) pa biofuel plant was constructed at the Port of Immingham, manufacturing biodiesel from vegetable oils.[70][71]

In 2008 a 48 acres (19 ha) site was acquired in Stallingborough in 2008 to increase off dock estate storage space for cars. The site was operational by 2011.[69]

In 2013 ABP began the development of the "Immingham Renewable Fuels Terminal" on the Humber International Terminal site, as part of a 15-year contract with Drax Power Station to supply biomass (wood pellet) to the powerplant. ABP's total investment in biomass handling facilities, including installations at Hull and Goole was to be around £100 million.[72][note 2] In April 2013 Graham Construction was awarded the contract to build the 3 million ton per annum facility, consisting of an automated biomass handling terminal utilizing continuous ship unloaders, with rail and road export facilities, and with 100,000 ton storage capacity, using four silos each of 168,000 cubic metres (5,900,000 cu ft).[73][74] The project entered the commissioning phase in mid 2014.[75] The second phase of the project was to add a further 3 million tons pa capacity.[76] Two 2,300 ton per hour screw unloading biomass handling cranes were installed by May 2015.[77]

The Dock Offices (2007) 
Immingham Dock (2008) 
Immingham Oil Terminal (2008) 
Immingham Bulk Terminal (2007) 
West Jetty (2007) 

Seafarers Welfare[edit]

The port has a seafarers centre and port chaplains from seafarers' charity Apostleship of the Sea, who support seafarers. On 3 March 2016, Bishop of Nottingham, Rev Patrick McKinney visited the port and went on board a ship to celebrate Mass with its crew and to bless the ship.[78]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A double deck steel bridge of 600ft in six 100 feet (30 m) spans was supplied by Head Wrightson to connect the west jetty to the rail network – the upper and lower decks held gravity fed rail tracks for full and returning empty wagons.[22]
  2. ^ A similar installation was constructed at King George Dock, Hull as part of the same scheme.[72]

Acts and legislation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dow 1985a, pp. 163–4.
  2. ^ a b c Dow 1965, p. 229.
  3. ^ a b "Humber Commercial Railway and Dock. Incorporation/ of Company; Power to make Dock and Entrance with Sea Walls Railways and other Works adjoining the existing Docks at Grimsby [...]", The London Gazette (27249): 7423–7426, 23 November 1900 
  4. ^ 1 Edw.VII, Cap.202 1901.
  5. ^ a b "Humber Commercial Dock, Grimsby" (PDF), The Engineer, 94: 168, 15 August 1902 
  6. ^ a b "HUMBER COMMERCIAL RAILWAY AND DOCK. New Dock with Entrance into River Humber, with River Walls, Piers or Jetties, Railways, and other Works in connection therewith, near Grimsby in the county of Lincoln; Powers as to diverting Water and Dredging; Power to stop up and divert Drain and Outfall at Immingham Haven; Abandonment of Works authorized by Humber Commercial Railway and Dock Act 1901; Cancellation of existing Agreements and Arrangements and release of Money Deposit under Act, of 1901; Application of provisions of Act of 1901 to New Works; General Dock and other Powers;[...]", The London Gazette (27496): 7411–7413, 18 November 1902 
  7. ^ a b Dow 1965, p. 231.
  8. ^ a b "HUMBER COMMERCIAL RAILWAY AND DOCK. New Dock with Entrance into River Humber, with River Embankments, Walls, Piers, Jetties, Railways and other Works in connection therewith near Grimsby, in the County of Lincoln; Powers as to taking and diverting Water and Dredging; Power to stop up and divert Drains; Abandonment of Works authorized by Humber Commercial Railway and Dock Act, 1901; Cancellation of existing Agreements and Arrangements and release of Money Deposit under Act of 1901; Application of Provisions of Act of 1901 to New Works; [...]", The London Gazette (27619): 7621–7623, 24 November 1903 
  9. ^ 4 Edw. VII, Cap.85 1904.
  10. ^ 8 Edw. VII, Cap.49 (1908).
  11. ^ 9 Edw. VII, Cap.85 1909.
  12. ^ 3 & 4 Geo. V, Cap.20 1913.
  13. ^ "The Humber" (PDF), The Engineer, 115: 3–4, 3 January 1913 
  14. ^ a b c The Engineer 17 May 1912, p. 512.
  15. ^ Dow 1965, pp. 231–233.
  16. ^ Dow 1965, pp. 233–236.
  17. ^ Dow 1965, p. 234.
  18. ^ The Engineer 24 May 1912, p.535, col.1; p.535, Fig.2.
  19. ^ The Engineer 24 May 1912, p.535, Fig.3; p.536, sections A-A to F-F.
  20. ^ The Engineer 24 May 1912, p.537, col.1.
  21. ^ The Engineer 17 May 1912, p.512, col.4 – p.513, col.1; p.512, map..
  22. ^ The Engineer 14 June 1912, p.682, cols.1–2; p.682, Figs.18–20.
  23. ^ a b c The Engineer 17 May 1912, p.513, col.1; p.512, map..
  24. ^ The Engineer 24 May 1912, p.537, col.1; p.537, Fig.4.
  25. ^ a b Ritchie, L.A., The Shipbuilding Industry: A Guide to Historical Records, p. 130 
  26. ^ Pevsner, Harris & Antram 2002, p. 405.
  27. ^ The Engineer 14 June 1912, p.682, cols.2–3; pp.682–4, Figs.21, 23, 24, 25, 26.
  28. ^ The Engineer 14 June 1912, p.683, cols.1–2 – p.684, col.1; p.683, Fig.22.
  29. ^ The Engineer 14 June 1912, p.684, col.2.
  30. ^ The Engineer 7 June 1912, p.600, col.1.
  31. ^ The Engineer 7 June 1912, p.600, cols.1–3; p.600, Fig.5; p.601, col.1.
  32. ^ The Engineer 7 June 1912, p.601, cols.1–3.
  33. ^ Dow 1965, pp. 234–235.
  34. ^ "Railway Matters" (PDF), The Engineer, 111: 491, 12 May 1911 
  35. ^ Dow 1965, p. 236.
  36. ^ Dow 1965, pp. 239–242.
  37. ^ The Engineer 17 May 1912, p.513, col.1.
  38. ^ "The Immingham Dock" (PDF), The Engineer, 113: 585, 7 June 1912 
  39. ^ "Immingham Dock" (PDF), The Engineer, 114: 109–110, 2 August 1912 
  40. ^ Dow 1965, pp. 242–249.
  41. ^ The Engineer 28 November 1913, pp. 568–9.
  42. ^ a b Immingham 100 2012, Grimsby Telegraph's Fact of the Day
  43. ^ a b c Port Master Plan 2012, A brief history of the Port of Immingham, p.20.
  44. ^ Historic England. "HEAVY ANTI AIRCRAFT BATTERY HUMBER H22 (1472424)". PastScape. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  45. ^ Historic England. "HEAVY ANTI AIRCRAFT BATTERY HUMBER H21 (1472359)". PastScape. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  46. ^ a b "Graving Dock's demise after nearly 100 years", Grimsby Telegraph, 3 November 2011 
  47. ^ a b c d Immingham 100 2012, The development of a Port and Town
  48. ^ Sharman, H.M. (July 1970), "The breasting dolphins for Immingham oil terminal", Ground Engineering: 23–26 
  49. ^ "B.S.C. To Develop Immingham Complex", Skilling's Mining Review, 59: 239, 1970 
  50. ^ "Ports", British Industry Today, HM Stationery Office, p. 25, 1974 
  51. ^ "International Coal Trade", Bureau of Mines, US Department of the Interior, p. 21, 1972 
  52. ^ "_", Traffic World, 159: 57, 1974 
  53. ^ BTDB Ports: Guide to the Nineteen Ports, 1982, p. 21 
  54. ^ Heal, David W. (1974), "The Steel Industry in Post War Britain", Industrial Britain, pp. 174–175, ISBN 0715365657 
  55. ^ "_", Minerals Yearbook, Bureau of Mines, 1: 619, 1975 
  56. ^ Symes 1987, p. 102.
  57. ^ Ports: Guide to the Nineteen Ports, 1987, p. 41 
  58. ^ "_", Hazardous Cargo Bulletin: 125, 1995 
  59. ^ Lloyd's Ports of the World, 1999, p. 809 
  60. ^ The Dock and Harbour Authority, 76 (865–868), 1996, pp. 256, 259 
  61. ^ "HIT starts operations", www.bulkmaterialsinternational.com (July/August), 2000 
  62. ^ "Additional £15 mill for HIT 2", www.bulkmaterialsinternational.com (March/April), 2005 
  63. ^ "HRH The Princess Royal Opens Humber International Terminal 2", www.maritimejournal.com, 1 July 2006 
  64. ^ Burdall, A.C.; Reed, C.B.M. (2000), "11. Project procurement and administration", in Carmichael, J., The global change?: International Ports Congress 1999, pp. 107–, ISBN 0727728288 
  65. ^ "IMMINGHAM OUTER HARBOUR GIVEN THE GO-AHEAD", www.lgcplus.com, 9 July 2004 
  66. ^ "Ro-Ro a Go-Go for ABP Immingham Container Terminal", www.maritimejournal.com, 1 July 2004 
  67. ^ "PROPOSED ASSOCIATED BRITISH PORTS (IMMINGHAM OUTER HARBOUR) HARBOUR REVISION ORDER", The London Gazette (56329): 10696, 12 September 2001 
  68. ^ Immingham Outer Harbour Revision Order 2004, §4, pp.3–4; §8, pp.4–5.
  69. ^ a b "Port masterplan revealed", Scunthorpe Telegraph, 26 March 2010 
  70. ^ Alberci, Sacha (27 March 2014). "Overview of UK Biofuel Producers" (PDF). Ecofys 2014 by order of: Department for Transport (DfT). Table 1, p.6; p.10. Retrieved 9 July 2015. 
  71. ^ "Biofuels". www.projenbioenergy.co.uk. Retrieved 9 July 2015. 
  72. ^ a b "ABP makes investments in port pellet terminals to support Drax", biomassmagazine.com, 29 March 2013 
  73. ^ "Graham appointed for ABP biomass hub", www.bulkmaterialsinternational.com, 24 April 2013 
  74. ^ "Firm leads way to deliver biomass facility at Port of Immingham", Grimsby Telegraph, 2 May 2013 
  75. ^ "Immingham primed for further Drax biomass business", Grimsby Telegraph, 3 June 2014 
  76. ^ Laister, David (27 March 2015), "Fuelling the future: Immingham's crucial role in Europe's biggest decarbonisation project", Grimsby Telegraph 
  77. ^ Laister, David (29 May 2015), "£15m investment in world-leading Immingham biomass terminal unveiled", Grimsby Telegraph 
  78. ^ "Bishop blesses ship at Immingham". Apostleship of the Sea. 8 March 2016. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  79. ^ "HUMBER COMMERCIAL RAILWAY AND DOCK Power to Humber Commercial Railway and Dock Company to Make a New Road and Road Diversions; Compulsory Purchase of Additional Lands at South Killingholme and Immingham by Humber Dock Company and Great Central Railway Company; Revival and Extension of Time for Compulsory Purchase of Lands for Humber Commercial Dock Undertaking [..]", The London Gazette (28083): 8239–8240, 26 November 1907 
  80. ^ "GREAT CENTRAL RAILWAY (VARIOUS POWERS). New Railways for Great Central Railway Company in Counties of Lancaster and York (West Riding); Tolls, &c.; Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Company to afford Facilities for Traffic; Stopping up and Diversion of Footpaths at Wath-upon-Dearne and Wombwell; Street Improvement in Lincoln by Great Central Railway Company and Corporation of Lincoln ; Additional Lands for Great Central Railway Company in Counties of Buckingham, Denbigh, Lancaster, Leicester, Northampton, Stafford and York (West Riding); Additional Lands for Great Central Railway and North Lindsey Light Railways Companies, in the County of Lincoln (Parts of Lindsey); Closing of Level Crossings at Hexthorpe and Harwarden ; Alteration of Powers as to Building at Hampstead; Stopping up and Diversion of Footpath at Aylesbury by the Metropolitan and Great Central Joint Committee and Agreements with Local Authority; Altering Site for Electrical Generating Station of Seaforth and Sefton Junction Railway Company and Additional Lands for that Company in County of Lancaster; Power to Seaforth Company to increase Rate of Interest payable out of Capital; Lease of Seaforth and Sefton Junction Railway to Great Central Railway Company ; Additional Lands for Manchester South Junction and Altrincham Railway Company and further Provisions as to Surplus Lands ; Compulsory Powers for Purchase of Lands and Execution of Works, Purchase of Parts only of Houses, &c.; Extinguishment of Rights of Way; Extension of Time for Sale of Great Central and Midland Committee's Surplus Lands; Revival of Powers and Extension of Time for Purchase of Lands and Construction of Works by Great Central, North Lindsey and Seaforth and Sefton Junction Railway Companies ; Additional Capital for Great Central Railway Company and Humber Dock Company ; Incorporation and Amendment of Acts and other Purposes.", The London Gazette (28199): 8904–8910, 24 November 1908 
  81. ^ "HUMBER COMMERCIAL RAILWAY AND DOCK. Power to Humber Commercial Railway and Dock Company to make River Embankments at Immingham; Compulsory Purchase of Land; [...]", The London Gazette (28666): 9005–9006, 26 November 1912 

Maps and landmark coordinates[edit]

  1. ^ 53°37′15″N 0°18′06″W / 53.62077°N 0.30155°W / 53.62077; -0.30155 (Immingham Commercial Dock railway, junction with former Great Grimsby and Sheffield Junction Railway), Immingham Commercial Dock railway, junction with former Great Grimsby and Sheffield Junction Railway
  2. ^ 53°38′02″N 0°12′35″W / 53.63378°N 0.20965°W / 53.63378; -0.20965 (Immingham Commercial Dock railway, junction with former Barton and Immingham Light Railway), Immingham Commercial Dock railway, junction with former Barton and Immingham Light Railway
  3. ^ 53°37′06″N 0°10′51″W / 53.61836°N 0.18090°W / 53.61836; -0.18090 (Immingham Commercial Dock railway, junction with former Grimsby District Light Railway), Immingham Commercial Dock railway, junction with former Grimsby District Light Railway
  4. ^ 53°37′38″N 0°11′27″W / 53.62718°N 0.19097°W / 53.62718; -0.19097 (Dock), Dock
  5. ^ 53°37′47″N 0°11′21″W / 53.62964°N 0.18917°W / 53.62964; -0.18917 (Lock), Lock
  6. ^ 53°37′51″N 0°10′56″W / 53.63079°N 0.18219°W / 53.63079; -0.18219 (East jetty), East jetty
  7. ^ 53°38′01″N 0°11′22″W / 53.63370°N 0.18942°W / 53.63370; -0.18942 (West jetty), West jetty
  8. ^ 53°37′45″N 0°11′26″W / 53.62913°N 0.19063°W / 53.62913; -0.19063 (Humber Graving Dock), Humber Graving Dock
  9. ^ 53°37′46″N 0°11′18″W / 53.62941°N 0.18847°W / 53.62941; -0.18847 (Dock offices), Dock offices
  10. ^ 53°37′56″N 0°11′38″W / 53.63236°N 0.19398°W / 53.63236; -0.19398 (Power station (site of)), Power station (site of)
  11. ^ 53°37′09″N 0°11′23″W / 53.61915°N 0.18984°W / 53.61915; -0.18984 (Engine shed), Engine shed
  12. ^ 53°37′31″N 0°11′13″W / 53.62529°N 0.18681°W / 53.62529; -0.18681 (Grain silo (site of)), Grain silo (site of)
  13. ^ 53°37′25″N 0°11′27″W / 53.62369°N 0.19085°W / 53.62369; -0.19085 (Fisons Fertilizers), Fisons Fertilizers
  14. ^ 53°37′48″N 0°11′30″W / 53.62999°N 0.19171°W / 53.62999; -0.19171 (Graving Dock, 1960), Graving Dock, 1960
  15. ^ 53°37′48″N 0°09′51″W / 53.62995°N 0.16427°W / 53.62995; -0.16427 (Immingham Oil Terminal jetty), Immingham Oil Terminal jetty
  16. ^ 53°38′18″N 0°11′49″W / 53.63840°N 0.19696°W / 53.63840; -0.19696 (Immingham Bulk Terminal jetty), Immingham Bulk Terminal jetty
  17. ^ 53°38′43″N 0°12′22″W / 53.64525°N 0.20605°W / 53.64525; -0.20605 (Immingham Gas Terminal jetty), Immingham Gas Terminal jetty
  18. ^ 53°38′32″N 0°12′08″W / 53.64222°N 0.20218°W / 53.64222; -0.20218 (Humber International Terminal jetty), Humber International Terminal jetty
  19. ^ 53°38′18″N 0°12′02″W / 53.63837°N 0.20056°W / 53.63837; -0.20056 (Immingham Outer Harbour), Immingham Outer Harbour


Sources[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Ball, J.B. (1915), "Tests of Reinforced-Concrete Structures on the Great Central Railway", Minutes of the Proceedings, Institute of Civil Engineers, 199: 123–132, doi:10.1680/imotp.1915.16179 
  • Hausser, P.C.G.; Finlinson, J.C.H.; Elliott, A.J. (1964), "A comparison of the design and construction of dry docks at Immingham and Jarrow", ICE Proceedings, Institute of Civil Engineers, 27 (2): 291–324, doi:10.1680/iicep.1964.10299 
  • Best, K.H.; Wood, D.J.D.; Holleywood, J.; Jackman, S.V. (1968), "Three Ferry Terminals", ICE Proceedings, Institute of Civil Engineers, 39 (3): 397–342, doi:10.1680/iicep.1968.8073 
  • Herbert, M.F.L.; Rowe, P.W. (1973), "Design and performance of two coal stacks on soft clay at the N.C.B. bulk terminal, Immingham", Géotechnique, 23 (2): 245–261, doi:10.1680/geot.1973.23.2.245 
  • Gellatly, Bob (2012), Immingham Dock Centenary Souvenir, 1912–2012  : a Pictorial Record of Immingham Dock, Great Central Railway Society 
  • Shannon, Paul (31 December 1997 – 13 January 1998). "Immingham's heavy haul". RAIL. No. 321. EMAP Apex Publications. pp. 26–30. ISSN 0953-4563. OCLC 49953699. 

External links[edit]