Port of Kaohsiung
|Port of Kaohsiung|
|Operated by||Port of Kaohsiung Branch, Taiwan International Ports Corporation|
|Annual container volume||9.47 million TEU (2005)|
Kaohsiung Harbor Bureau
The Port of Kaohsiung (POK; Chinese: 高雄港; pinyin: Gāoxióng Gǎng; Wade–Giles: Kao1-hsiung2 Kang3; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Ko-hiông-káng) is the largest harbor in Taiwan (Republic of China), handling approximately 10.26 million twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU) worth of cargo in 2015. The port is located in southern Taiwan, adjacent to Kaohsiung City, and surrounded by the city districts of Gushan, Yancheng, Lingya, Cianjhen, Siaogang, as well as Cijin. It is operated by Taiwan International Ports Corporation, Taiwan's state-owned harbor management company.
The port was a natural lagoon before eventually developed through into a modern harbor over the period of several hundred years. At the time of 16th century, some villages had already established on the seashore of the present-day Kaohsiung, which was called as "Takau" by natives at that time. The colonists of Dutch East India Company (VOC) arrived at Takau in 1620s and then began to develop the lagoon. The port, historically referred to as the "Takau Port" (Chinese: 打狗港; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tá-káu-káng), developed gradually during the Dutch Era, Koxinga Era, and the early Qing Dynasty.
In 1858, the Qing Dynasty lost the Second Opium War to the French-British and signed the Treaties of Tianjin. According to the treaties, the Qing's government was asked to open five ports of Taiwan for foreign trade. As one of the five ports, Takao Port had officially opened to the western traders since 1864. Afterward, the Qing's government ceded Taiwan to Japanese in 1895 after losing First Sino-Japanese War.
In the early Japanese era, the colonial government decided to undertake large projects with the intention to develop the port into a modern harbor. Japanese built the port up in three stages, the first was finished in 1908, the second in 1912, and the third was halted half way at the start of World War II. During World War II, the port was heavily bombed by the western Allies.
At the southern side of the second port entrance, a museum and park currently stands nearby the recently established Intercontinental Terminal (No.6 Terminal) . This museum describes the history and clearance of a significantly sized residential community which was situated nearby to the expanded port.
The port is part of the Maritime Silk Road that runs from the Chinese coast towards the southern tip of India to Mombasa, from there through the Suez Canal to the Mediterranean and there to the Upper Adriatic region of Trieste with its rail connections to Central and Eastern Europe.
Map of the port
= Industry Area; = Container Docks; = Bulk and Sundry Goods Docks; = Warehouse Exchange Area; = Fishery Harbor; = Commercial Area; = Naval Base
（No.1 and No.2 Terminal）
In 2017, Taiwan International Ports Corporation has completed the expensive expansion of Port of Kaohsiung and added new facilities to advance both container and passenger throughput.
Van Oord recently created 250 hectares of new land for the Kaohsiung Intercontinental Container Center Phase II. The new land will accommodate many terminals and wharves, some of which will be able to handle container vessels of up to 22,000 TEU.
Port of Kaohsiung expanded its passenger service facilities with the introduction of a new mobile and adjustable passenger bridge to facilitate passenger embarkation and disembarkation from large cruise ships – such as Star Cruises’ SuperStar Virgo. The new passenger three-level bridge can move up and down to match the different heights of cruise ship hatches to a maximum height of eight meters. It has also completed an air-conditioned, enclosed corridor linking the cruise-ship wharf to the International Travel Center.
Ongoing efforts by the Taiwan International Ports Corporation have resulted in growth for the port's cruise business. An estimated 127,000 cruise passengers are expected to visit the Port of Kaohsiung in 2017. Star Cruises’ SuperStar Virgo has inaugurated a “three home port” cruise itinerary in 2017, traveling between its three regional home ports of Kaohsiung, Hong Kong and Manila. Additionally, Princess Cruises’ Sapphire Princess has inaugurated five new home port routes.
The port's ferry terminal is also being expanded. In 2017, over 530,000 passengers traveled on the Budai – Penghu route during the tourist season, a 5.4 percent increase over the same period in the previous year. In order to accommodate the increase in transit passengers, the port is renovating its existing passenger service center. The ferry pier is also being extended so that it will be able to berth two ferries of over 500mt simultaneously, giving Port of Budai sufficient wharf space to concurrently berth up to nine ferries.
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- Marcus Hernig: Die Renaissance der Seidenstraße (2018) pp 112.
- "Taiwan's Port of Kaohsiung Readies for Growth". The Maritime Executive. Retrieved 2018-04-22.
Floating drydock Jong Shyn No. 8 in Port of Kaohsiung
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