Port of Manila

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Port of Manila
Pantalan ng Maynila
Aerial view of the port of Manila, 2019.jpg
Aerial view of the Manila International Container Terminal and Manila North Harbor
Location
CountryPhilippines
LocationPort Area and Tondo, Manila
Coordinates14°35′48″N 120°57′16″E / 14.59667°N 120.95444°E / 14.59667; 120.95444Coordinates: 14°35′48″N 120°57′16″E / 14.59667°N 120.95444°E / 14.59667; 120.95444
UN/LOCODEPHMNL[1]
Details
Opened12th century
Operated byPhilippine Ports Authority
Owned byGovernment of Manila
Type of harborNatural/Artificial
Land area137.5 hectares
Available berths22
Piers12
Statistics
Vessel arrivals20,828(2012)[2]
Annual cargo tonnage75,058,855(2012)[2]
Annual container volume4,523,339 TEU(2016)[3]
Passenger traffic72,438,609(2017)[2]
Website
www.ppa.com.ph

The Port of Manila (Filipino: Pantalan ng Maynila) refers to the collective facilities and terminals that process maritime trade function in harbors in Metro Manila. Located in the Port Area and Tondo districts of Manila, Philippines facing the Manila Bay, it is the largest and the premier international shipping gateway to the country. The Philippine Ports Authority, a government-owned corporation, manages the Port of Manila and most of the public ports in the country. It is composed of 3 major facilities namely, Manila North Harbor, Manila South Harbor, and the Manila International Container Terminal.

History[edit]

Trade in Manila Bay dates at least 9th to 12th centuries when Manila traded with neighboring countries including China and Japan, with ties to India through the areas that are now Malaysia and Indonesia.[4] During the Spanish Colonial Era of the Philippines Manila handled trade with China and other East Asian countries, with Mexico, with Arab countries, and directly with Spain from the 16th to mid-19th century when the port was opened to all trade. This was the galleon trade that connected the Philippines to Spain via Mexico, another Spanish territory. From the end of the galleon trade, through the American Colonial Era of the Philippines and Philippine independence, until today, the Port of Manila has been the main port of the Philippines for both domestic and international trade.

The port is part of the Maritime Silk Road that runs from the Chinese coast to the south via Singapore towards the southern tip of India, to Mombasa, then through the Suez Canal to the Mediterranean with its connections to Central and Eastern Europe.[5][6]

Location[edit]

The entrance to Manila Bay is 19 kilometres (12 mi) wide and expands to a width of 48 kilometres (30 mi). Mariveles, in the province of Bataan, is an anchorage just inside the northern entrance, and Sangley Point is the former location of Cavite Naval Base. On either side of the bay are volcanic peaks topped with tropical foliage. 40 kilometres (25 mi) to the north is the Bataan Peninsula and to the south is the province of Cavite.

Facilities[edit]

The skyline of Manila as seen from the top of a ship docked at the Manila North Harbor.

Manila North Harbor[edit]

Manila North Harbor (seaport code:MNN),[7] occupies a 53 hectares (130 acres) area in Tondo, Manila and is operated by the Manila North Harbour Port Inc., a subsidiary of International Container Terminal Services Inc.. It has 7 piers (numbered with even numbers: 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 14). North Harbor is through Radial Road 10.

The North Port Passenger Terminal, opened in 2013, can accommodate 2–3 million passengers sailing on inter-island ferries to cities throughout the archipelago.[8][9] It is the main hub of 2GO ferry company, the largest inter-island ferry company in the Philippines.

Statistics
Year Cargo Tonnage Container Volume Passengers
2010[10] 17,207,751 16,146,329 821,983
2011[11] 17,806,136 18,442,473 728,662
2012[12] 19,402,011 19,174,424 766,942

Manila South Harbor[edit]

The Eva Macapagal Super Terminal.

Manila South Harbor (seaport code:MNS),[7] is a 80 hectares (200 acres) port facility located in Port Area, Manila operated by Asian Terminals Incorporated, with 5 piers numbered with odd-numbers 3, 5, 9, 13 and 15. It is accessible through Bonifacio Drive and has a passenger terminal located between Pier 13 and 15 namely Eva Macapagal Super Terminal. It was formerly the main hub of 2GO ferry company. As of April 29, 2014, The management has installed a new Liebherr quay crane to increase the efficiency of Manila South Harbor.[13]

Statistics
Year Cargo Tonnage Container Volume Passengers
2010[14] 40,816,716 12,958,525 1,004,780
2011[15] 44,067,826 12,612,780 816,839
2012[16] 40,317,702 11,130,626 161,500

Manila International Container Terminal[edit]

Landsat view of the Container Terminal.

Manila International Container Terminal (seaport code:MNL)[7] is operated by International Container Terminal Services Inc. It is one of Asia's major seaports and one of the Philippines' most active ports. It is located between the Manila North Harbor and the Manila South Harbor and can be accessed by road through MICT South Access Road.

In 2019, Manila International Container Terminal ranked 29th in the list of world's busiest container ports with Twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs) of 5,315.[17] Inaugurated on July 7, 2012, Berth 6 became fully operational and increased the Port's annual capacity by 450,000 TEUs.[18]

Statistics
Year Number of Vessel Cargo Tonnage Container Volume
2010[19] 1,942 32,225,795 18,266,554
2011[20] 1,941 34,377,129 18,689,936
2012[21] 1,862 34,345,059 19,966,465

'

Future plans[edit]

With Berth 6 in operation, ICTSI is scheduled to finish Phase 1 development of Yard 7 by yearend and increase MICT's import capacity by 18 percent.[22]

South of Metro Manila, ICTSI's Laguna Gateway Inland Container Terminal (LGICT) has finished its Phase 1 development. The inland container depot (ICD),[23] which serves as an extension of the MICT, adds 250,000 TEUs to MICT's annual capacity. It will be connected to Manila through the revival of the Manila-Calamba cargo intermodal system, which ceased operations in 2000 due to lower demand.[24]

Transportation and infrastructure connections[edit]

Buses[edit]

Since the implementation of Rationalized Bus Routes in Metro Manila, the Port Area is directly served by buses plying the route between Monumento in Caloocan and PITX in Parañaque using Roxas and Mel Lopez Boulevards.

Access to/from the NLEX[edit]

The NLEX Harbor Link, an expressway that connects with the main line North Luzon Expressway (NLEX) at the Smart Connect Interchange in Valenzuela up to Radial Road 10 (R-10) in Navotas, serves as an alternative road to the Manila North Harbor especially for the cargo trucks entering the port coming from Northern and Central Luzon, without a truck ban, and also eases traffic congestion at A. Bonifacio Avenue and 5th Avenue.

Future projects[edit]

Pier 4 LRT station[edit]

The Pier 4 station is the future western terminus of Manila Light Rail Transit System Line 2 (LRT-2). It will constructed near the North Port Passenger Terminal located at Pier 4 of Manila North Harbor along Mel Lopez Boulevard. The west extension of LRT-2 will also serve as a rail transport connection to the Port of Manila.

North-South Harbor Bridge[edit]

The Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) is also proposing to construct a bridge crossing the Pasig River between North Harbor and South Harbor.

NLEX-CAVITEX Port Expressway Link / Harbor Link Port Access Mobility Facility[edit]

A proposed expressway in NLEX–CAVITEX Port Expressway Link or Harbor Link Port Access Mobility Facility is being planned to connect the existing Navotas Interchange of NLEX Harbor Link to Manila–Cavite Expressway (CAVITEX) or Anda Circle, respectively.[25][26][27] It will run above the existing alignment of Mel Lopez Boulevard.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "UNLOCODE (PH) – PHILIPPINES". service.unece.org. Retrieved April 26, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 9, 2014. Retrieved December 13, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "The CIA World Factbook – Philippines". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved September 20, 2017.
  4. ^ Philippines, The. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001–07 Archived July 28, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ China Bypasses Philippines in Its Proposed ‘Maritime Silk Road’
  6. ^ Belt and Road benefits the Philippines
  7. ^ a b c Seaport Codes and Information
  8. ^ Almonte, Liza (October 10, 2013). "After passenger terminal Manila North Harbour turns to work on container facility". PortCalls Asia. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
  9. ^ Amojelar, Darwin G. (October 9, 2013). "Manila North Harbor operator spending another P5 billion to expand terminal". InterAksyon. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 14, 2014. Retrieved July 28, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 14, 2014. Retrieved July 28, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 14, 2014. Retrieved July 28, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "ATI deploys new quay crane to Manila South Harbor". The Manila Times. April 29, 2014. Retrieved May 9, 2020.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 14, 2014. Retrieved July 28, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 14, 2014. Retrieved July 28, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 14, 2014. Retrieved July 28, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ https://lloydslist.maritimeintelligence.informa.com/one-hundred-container-ports-2020
  18. ^ "President Aquino inaugurates Berth 6 of ICTSI Manila flagship". The Shipping Tribune. June 28, 2012. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 14, 2014. Retrieved July 28, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 14, 2014. Retrieved July 28, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 14, 2014. Retrieved July 28, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 16, 2015. Retrieved October 23, 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  23. ^ "ICTSI setting aside $300M for Laguna depot, MICT". BusinessMirror. October 7, 2014. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
  24. ^ "ICTSI to revive Manila-Calamba cargo train". Malaya Business Insight. August 14, 2014. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
  25. ^ Mercurio, Richmond (March 2, 2020). "NLEX keen on Port Expressway Link project". The Philippine Star. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
  26. ^ Mercurio, Richmond (February 14, 2020). "Construction to start soon on Harbor Link extension". The Philippine Star. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
  27. ^ "NLEX-Cavitex Port Expressway Link". Department of Public Works and Highways. Retrieved December 13, 2020.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]