Port of Manila

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Port of Manila
Pantalan ng Maynila
Pic geo photos - ph=mm=manila=tondo=north harbor=international container terminal - view from world trade exchange tower binondo -philippines--2015-0615--ls-.JPG
An aerial view of the Manila South Harbor
LocationPort Area, Manila
Coordinates14°35′48″N 120°57′16″E / 14.59667°N 120.95444°E / 14.59667; 120.95444Coordinates: 14°35′48″N 120°57′16″E / 14.59667°N 120.95444°E / 14.59667; 120.95444
Opened12th Century
Operated byPhilippine Ports Authority
Owned byGovernment of Manila
Type of harborNatural/Artificial
Land area137.5 hectares
Available berths22
Vessel arrivals20,828(2012)[1]
Annual cargo tonnage75,058,855(2012)[1]
Annual container volume4,523,339 TEU(2016)[2]
Passenger traffic72,438,609(2017)[1]

The Port of Manila (Filipino: Pantalan ng Maynila) refers to the collective facilities and terminals that process maritime trade function in harbours that serve the Metro Manila Area. It is located in the Port Area and Tondo area of Manila, Philippines facing the Manila Bay. It is the largest and the premier international shipping gateway to the country. The Philippine Ports Authority, a government-owned corporation, manages the Port of Manila and most of the public ports in the country. It is composed of 3 major facilities namely Manila North Harbor, Manila South Harbor and the Manila International Container Terminal.


The Port of Manila and the area dates back to Spanish and pre-Spanish rule of the Philippine Islands. It is recorded that Manila and the Philippines had trade relations with most neighboring countries at least as far back as the 9th to 12th centuries. Major trading partners included China and Japan, with ties to India through the areas that are now Malaysia and Indonesia.[3] The Spanish-controlled Port of Manila handled trade primarily with China and other East Asian countries, with Mexico, with Arab countries, and directly with Spain from the 16th to mid-19th century CE when the port was opened to all trade ships. Manila Bay was the setting for the Battle of Manila Bay in 1898 between United States and Spanish forces, and the siege of Corregidor Island by invading Japanese forces in 1942.


The bay entrance is 19 kilometres (12 mi) wide and expands to a width of 48 kilometres (30 mi). Mariveles, in the province of Bataan, is an anchorage just inside the northern entrance, and Sangley Point is the former location of Cavite Naval Base. On either side of the bay are volcanic peaks topped with tropical foliage. 40 kilometres (25 mi) to the north is the Bataan Peninsula and to the south is the province of Cavite.


The skyline of Manila as seen from the top of a ship docked at the Manila North Harbor.

Manila North Harbor[edit]

Manila North Harbor (seaport code:MNN),[4] occupying a 53-hectare area in Tondo, Manila and operated by the Manila North Harbour Port Incorporated, has 7 piers namely Pier 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 14. North Harbor is accessible by road through Radial Road 10. Modernization of the port facility involves the acquisition of heavy equipment, dredging operations, information technology, container terminal expansion and a recently completed North Port Passenger Terminal that can accommodate more passengers, boost tourism in the country, and replace the old terminal.[5][6]

Year Cargo Tonnage Container Volume Passengers
2010[7] 17,207,751 16,146,329 821,983
2011[8] 17,806,136 18,442,473 728,662
2012[9] 19,402,011 19,174,424 766,942

Manila South Harbor[edit]

Manila South Harbor (seaport code:MNS),[4] an 80-hectare port facility located in Port Area, Manila and operated by Asian Terminals Incorporated, has 5 piers namely Pier 3, 5, 9, 13 and 15. It is accessible by road through Bonifacio Drive has a passenger terminal located between Pier 13 and 15 namely Eva Macapagal Super Terminal. It also houses as the main hub of 2GO ferry company. As of April 29, 2014, The management has installed a new Liebherr quay crane to increase the efficiency of Manila South Harbor.[10]

Year Cargo Tonnage Container Volume Passengers
2010[11] 40,816,716 12,958,525 1,004,780
2011[12] 44,067,826 12,612,780 816,839
2012[13] 40,317,702 11,130,626 161,500

Manila International Container Terminal[edit]

Landsat view of the Container Terminal.

Manila International Container Terminal (seaport code:MNL)[4] is operated by International Container Terminal Services Inc. It is one of Asia's major seaports and one of the Philippines' most active ports. It is located between the Manila North Harbor and the Manila South Harbor and can be accessed by road through MICT South Access Road. In 2011, Manila International Container Terminal ranked 38th place in the List of world's busiest container ports with container traffic (TEU) of 3,260,000. Inaugurated on July 7, 2012, Berth 6 became fully operational and increases the Port's annual capacity by 450,000 TEU's.[14]

Year Number of Vessel Cargo Tonnage Container Volume
2010[15] 1,942 32,225,795 18,266,554
2011[16] 1,941 34,377,129 18,689,936
2012[17] 1,862 34,345,059 19,966,465

Future Plans[edit]

With Berth 6 in operation, ICTSI is scheduled to finish Phase 1 development of Yard 7 by yearend and increase MICT’s import capacity by 18 percent.[18]

South of Metro Manila, ICTSI’s Laguna Gateway Inland Container Terminal (LGICT) has finished its Phase 1 development. The inland container depot (ICD), [19] which serves as an extension of the MICT, adds 250,000 TEUs to MICT’s annual capacity. It will be connected to Manila through the revival of the Manila-Calamba cargo intermodal system, which ceased operations in 2000 due to lower demand.[20]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-08-09. Retrieved 2014-12-13.
  2. ^ "The CIA World Factbook – Philippines". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved September 20, 2017.
  3. ^ Philippines, The. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-07 Archived 2008-07-28 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ a b c Seaport Codes and Information
  5. ^ Almonte, Liza (October 10, 2013). "After passenger terminal Manila North Harbour turns to work on container facility". PortCalls Asia. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
  6. ^ Amojelar, Darwin G. (October 9, 2013). "Manila North Harbor operator spending another P5 billion to expand terminal". InterAksyon. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-14. Retrieved 2014-07-28.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-14. Retrieved 2014-07-28.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-14. Retrieved 2014-07-28.
  10. ^ "ATI deploys new quay crane to Manila South Harbor". The Manila Times. April 29, 2014. Retrieved July 2014. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-14. Retrieved 2014-07-28.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-14. Retrieved 2014-07-28.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-14. Retrieved 2014-07-28.
  14. ^ "President Aquino inaugurates Berth 6 of ICTSI Manila flagship". The Shipping Tribune. June 28, 2012. Retrieved July 2014. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-14. Retrieved 2014-07-28.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-14. Retrieved 2014-07-28.
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-14. Retrieved 2014-07-28.
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-10-16. Retrieved 2015-10-23.
  19. ^ "ICTSI setting aside $300M for Laguna depot, MICT". BusinessMirror. October 7, 2014. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
  20. ^ "ICTSI to revive Manila-Calamba cargo train". Malaya Business Insight. August 14, 2014. Retrieved December 27, 2014.

Further reading[edit]

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