Port of Odessa

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Port of Odessa
Hotel Odessa.jpg
Passenger Terminal and Hotel Odessa, in a background to the right Vorontsov Lighthouse
Country Ukraine
Location Odessa, Odessa Oblast
Opened 1794
Operated by State Company Odessa Marine Trade Port
Owned by Sea/River Fleet Administration (government)
Type of harbor Natural/Artificial
Size 109 acres (141 ha)
Available berths 46
Piers 52
Employees 3,500[1] (2007)
General Manager Mykola Pavlyuk
Annual cargo tonnage 31,368,000 tonnes (2007)[2]
Annual container volume 523,881 TEU's (2007)[3]
Passenger traffic 4,000,000 people[4] (2007)

The Port of Odessa or Odessa Marine Trade Port (Ukrainian: Одеський морський торговельний порт, Odes'kyi morskyi torhovelnyi port) — located near Odessa — is the largest Ukrainian seaport and one of the largest ports in the Black Sea basin, with a total annual traffic capacity of 40 million tonnes (15 million tonnes dry bulk and 25 million tonnes liquid bulk). The port has an immediate access to railways allowing quick transfer of cargo from sea routes to ground transportation. Along with its younger satellite ports of Chornomorsk (1958) and Yuzhne (1973), port of Odessa is a major freight and passenger transportation hub of Ukraine.


The port is located at the western shores of the Odessa Bay. It consists of several harbors which are divided one from another by a number of jetties, while the port itself is screen off from the open sea by few long breakwaters located in the Odessa Bay. Just around the southern jetty (Karantyny) located a passenger terminal with a multi-story hotel at the Nova jetty. Towards the middle there is a Ship Maintenance Factory "Ukraina". At the northern portion are located grain and main oil terminals, while at the southern there is a smaller oil terminal amid container loading quays.


Container terminal of the Port of Odessa.

Transit - freight (logistic) terminal[edit]

The terminal was opened on May 13, 2005 and has a storage area of 51,500 m2.[5] The terminal has two warehouses with a total area of 2,363.8 m2 (25,444 sq ft) including 60.3 m2 (649 sq ft) for valuable cargo. Warehouses work around the clock and equipped with rack systems designed for storage of goods. A warehouse ramp allows the simultaneous staging of nine vehicles. The area has an alarm system, surveillance system, fire-fighting system as well as ventilation system. There is an office complex that provides a space leasing capabilities for up to 30 offices. An administration building "Unified Office" has customs, border protection squad and number of ecological agencies. Extra security for the whole port is provided by the Maritime Security Agency of Ukraine that accounted for 15 port sites of the OMTP.[6]

Oil and gas terminal[edit]

The oil and gas terminal of the OMTP is the biggest one in Ukraine and sometimes is referred to as the OMTP Oil District. It has six berths with a total storage capacity of 671,000 m3.[7] It serves number of fuel depots such as "Eksimnaftoprodukt" (former Soviet oil export-import company),[8] "Odesnaftoprodukt" (state regional company),[9] "Synthes Oil" (associate of Eksimnaftoprodukt) and a complex of "Ukrloadsystem" for uploading of liquefied gas. The oil district allows to receive tankers with load capabilities from 1,000 to 100,000 tons.

Fuel products are transferred through pipelines to reservoirs of the fuel depots. The depots have access to railways and pump capabilities of transferring fuel products to cistern railcars.

The terminal has two specialised berths for natural gas (propane-butane, piers 4 and 7) and a reservoir park located two miles away from a harbor that holds 6,000 m3 (210,000 cu ft). The terminal has a handling capacity of 700,000 tonnes of liquefied natural gas per year.

The oil and gas terminal has an annual traffic capacity of 25,500,000 tonnes per year:

The Oil District has a system of automatic protection (water curtain and foam supply). At the ports aquatory (territorial waters) are constantly on duty a fireboat and an oil-spill collector. The port has a ballast water treatment station.

Passenger terminal[edit]

Passenger terminal of Odessa Port

The Port of Odessa has one of the largest passenger terminals in the Black Sea basin; it handled around 4 million passengers in 2007.[10] The terminal can simultaneously receive five motor ships at piers, totals length of which reaches 1,370 m (4,490 ft). The depth near the piers varies from 9.5 to 11.5 m (31 to 38 ft). The port facilities allow the docking of ships up to a length of 300 m (980 ft).[citation needed]

The terminal has a car parking with 24-hour security. The complex has number of bars, a concert-exhibition hall, a marine gallery, an anchor museum, the Museum of sea fleet of Ukraine exposition, a yacht marina complex, a diving center of the local Poseidon diving club, the Saint Nicholas Church, the four star hotel "Odesa", "Grand Europe" restaurant, and others.[citation needed]

The port of Odessa has its own learning center.[clarification needed]

Odessa Hotel closed as of September 2016.

Shipyard Ukraina[edit]

Port of Odessa in 1917.

The shipyard was established from the Admiralty Shops of the Black Sea rowing fleet a year before founding of the Odessa city. During the Soviet times the factory was a main supporting base of the Black Sea Shipping Company.

The area of the wharf is 75,524 m2 (812,930 sq ft). It can accommodate ships with a displacement of up to 30,000 tons. Piers length is a total of 1,230 m (4,040 ft), including 570 m (1,870 ft) for ship maintenance. The depth by piers reaches up to 7.1 m (23 ft). The cargo lifting capabilities consist of six portal cranes that lift 10-30 tons and two floating cranes one a self-propelled one that lifts 100 tons, another fixed that lifts 5 tons.

Stevedore companies[edit]

Several stevedore companies exist[when?] to serve the port of Odessa:[citation needed]

  • Brooklyn
  • Prista-Oil
  • Trans Service International
  • Olimpex Coupe International
  • MetalsUkraine Corp, Ltd
  • Novolog
  • Novotech Terminal
  • HPC Ukraine
  • OPPK (Odessa Port Transshipment Complex)
  • UNTC (Ukrainian National Stevedore Company)
  • BK Port


Several forwarding companies exist[when?] to serve the port of Odessa:[citation needed]

  • Euro terminal logistics company
  • Formag
  • Marine Transportation Center
  • Global Trans Logistic
  • Port Marine Group
  • Exim Service
  • Negociant
  • Global Ocean Link
  • London Sky
  • Black Sea Shipping
  • Laman Shipping Agency
  • Arrant Service
  • Illich Trans
  • Panda Shipping
  • DAO Logistics
  • Stoles Logistic
  • CMT Ltd
  • Alpha Trans
  • CSS Plus
  • Mitridat Odessa
  • Block Bug Systems
  • MTA Service Ltd
  • Ever Trans Logistic
  • Green Integrated Logistics
  • Fargo Shipping
  • Algiya
  • Farcont LTD


External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°30′13″N 30°44′40″E / 46.50361°N 30.74444°E / 46.50361; 30.74444