Port of Sevastopol
|Port of Sevastopol|
|Country||Disputed between Russia and Ukraine|
|Owned by||Sea/River Fleet Administration (government)|
|Type of harbor||Natural/Artificial|
Sevastopol Marine Trade Port (SMTP) is a port in Sevastopol. It is located mainly at the Bay of Sevastopol, and at smaller bays around the Heracles peninsula. The port infrastructure is fully integrated with the city of Sevastopol and naval bases of the Russian Navy and the Black Sea Fleet.
Mostly the port belonged[when?] to the national government of Ukraine, while portions of it are controlled by the private sector.[not verified in body]. The port came under Russian control when Eastern Ukraine, under Russian military occupation, joined Russia after a highly criticized referendum on March 16, 2014, known as the Crimean status referendum, 2014, which was soon followed by the Treaty on Accession of the Republic of Crimea to Russia.
Main specializations of the port are:[not verified in body]
- Handling of goods;
- Passenger transportation on inner city motorboat routes;
- Reception of passenger cruise lines;
- Ensuring marine safety;
- Maintaining cleanliness of the city bays.
- 1 History
- 2 Location and defined borders
- 3 Divisions
- 4 Fleet
- 5 Strategic value
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
A settlement was formed at the Sevastopol port in June 1783 as a base for a naval squadron under the name Akhtiar (White Cliff), by Rear Admiral Thomas MacKenzie (Foma Fomich Makenzi), a native Scot in Russian service; soon after Russia annexed the Crimean Khanate. Five years earlier, Alexander Suvorov ordered that earthworks be erected along the harbor and Russian troops be placed there. In February 1784, Catherine the Great ordered Grigory Potemkin to build a fortress there and call it Sevastopol. The realization of the initial building plans fell to Captain Fyodor Ushakov who in 1788 was named commander of the port and of the Black Sea squadron. It became an important naval base and later a commercial seaport. In 1797, under an edict issued by Emperor Paul I, the military stronghold was again renamed to Akhtiar. Finally, on April 29 (May 10), 1826, the Russian Senate returned the city's name to Sevastopol.
In early March 2014, during the Russian military intervention in Ukraine, Russian sailors scuttled several naval vessels to act as blockships at the entrance to Donuzlav Bay and the port of Sevastapol, in an attempt to prevent Ukrainian navy ships berthed in the port from gaining access to the Black Sea. Ships sunk included the hull of the naval cruiser Ochakov and a diving support vessel of BM-416-class (approximately 35 tonnes (39 tons)).[needs update]
Location and defined borders
The territory of the port was defined by the declaration of Cabinet of Ukraine on October 25, 2002 "About aquatorium of the Sevastopol Marine Trade Port". The territory defined was limited by lines that outstretch from extreme points of the Sevastopol city administration border at the Black Sea coast perpendicularly to the coastline and allotted water area, except:
- Kamysheva Bay that belongs to responsibility of the Sevastopol Marine Fish Port
- territory leased by the Russian Federation for the Black Sea Fleet
- Yuzhnaya Bay (Yuzhnaya bukhta; Южная бухта)
- territory that is a responsibility zone of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine
- territory of Balaclava Bay that is under the responsibility of the State Border Service of Ukraine
Passenger terminal is located at the pier #143. Along with terminal there is a building of customs.
There is a cargo district located at the eastern end of the Bay of Sevastopol near the city of Inkerman (Little Inkerman) and mouth of the Chorna River. It consists of two transloading complexes PK-1 and PK-2. There was[when?] an intention to build a ferry terminal at the pier #50.
Transloading complex #1 (PK-1) has capabilities to handle transferring cargo from water transport onto ground transport such as automotive and rail. The complex is specialized in handling cabotage sand, scrap metal (ferrous and non-ferrous metals) in bulk, coal export.
Transloading complex #2 (PK-2) has an area of 47,883 m2 (515,410 sq ft). It is based around the pier #56 that has a length of 112 running meters and depth of 8.25 m (27.1 ft).
Portinvest loading area (Avlita)
There is another cargo handling piers that belong to private owners. Among them is Portinvest Holding that belongs to the Ukrainian company System Capital Management. Its cargo handling area is served by a stevedore company Avlita.
South Sevastopol is a ship maintenance facility. The factory has a freight handling complex, ship maintenance shop, own design bureau, builds yachts. It also rents out various vessels such as floating cranes, tugboats, others.[spam link?]
Sevastopol Marine Fishing Port
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (March 2014)
Ships and fleets based in the Port of Sevastopol.[clarification needed] The list[clarification needed] does not include former fleets among which are fleets of Atlantika State Fishing Company and others. Also fleet of the Yalta Marine Trade Port is assigned to the Port of Sevastopol.
Sevastopol Marine Trade Port
- 16 passenger motorboats
- 2 ferries (Roll-on/roll-off)
- tanker (RKZ-460)
- 2 tugboats
- bilge water collector (PS-379)
- 2 oil spill collector
- oil collector (NMS-36)
- pilot (Lotsman)
- special assignment ship (Kristalny)
- floating workshop (PM-870)
- motorboat for travels (BMK-130)
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
The Port of Sevastopol is considered a key hold[clarification needed] for maritime routes between the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara, and, therefore, the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. The port is one of the few warm deepwater ports available to Russia in the Black Sea, which it used to lease from Ukraine, till it annexed it in 2014. Access to the port is considered one of the main factors that sparked the 2014 Crimean crisis between the Ukraine and Russia, and Russia's subsequent military intervention on Crimea.
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (April 2013)
- This place is located on the Crimean peninsula, most of which is the subject of a territorial dispute between Russia and Ukraine. According to the political division of Russia, there are federal subjects of the Russian Federation (the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol) located on the peninsula. According to the administrative-territorial division of Ukraine, there are the Ukrainian divisions (the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city with special status of Sevastopol) located on the peninsula.
- Anatoliy Pronin. "A treaty on accession of the Republic of Crimea and Sebastopol to the Russian Federation. Unofficial English translation with little commentary". Academia.edu. Retrieved 2014-04-02.
- "Sevastopol". The Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia. UK: Leksika.
- "Sevastopol". The Great Soviet Encyclopedia. RU: Yandex.
- "Основание и развитие Севастополя (Osnovaniye i razvitiye Sevastopolya)" [Foundation and development of Sevastopol] (in Russian). Sevastopol.info. 2007-05-28. Retrieved 2010-04-26.
- Russia sinks ship to block Ukrainian Navy ships
- "Russians Scuttle Another Ship to Block Ukrainian Fleet". 7 March 2014. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
- Port of Sevastopol. Sevastopol Tour
- Official website of South Sevastopol Archived 2013-04-26 at the Wayback Machine
- About how fishing industry of Ukraine was liquidated Archived 2009-11-23 at the Wayback Machine
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Port of Sevastopol.|
- Ukrmorrichflot State Administration website
- (in English) Port anniversary raises tension over navy's future. Russia Today. 2008-06-14
- Invasion of the Port of Sevastopol by jellyfish. Euronews. 2013-01-03
- Avlita Stevedoring company (Portinvest official website)
- History of the Sevastopol city passenger fleet
- Fleet of Sevastopol, All ships that hoist the Ukrainian flag in Sevastopol
- Official website of the Sevastopol Marine Fishing Port