Port of Tanjung Emas
|Port of Tanjung Emas|
|Location||Semarang, Central Java|
|Owned by||PT Pelabuhan Indonesia III|
|Annual cargo tonnage||1,700,000 tonnes (2013)|
|Annual container volume||608,984 TEU's (2015)|
|Passenger traffic||504,700 people (2013) |
|Net income||Rp 98.5 Billion|
Port of Tanjung Emas is a seaport in Semarang, Indonesia. It is the seaport in Semarang, which is located about 5 km from Tugu Muda of the city center. It was constructed in the nineteenth century by the Dutch colonial government, for use in exporting sugar and various agricultural products coming from the hinterlands in Central Java, replacing a heavily silted, pre-colonial port. The port has been operated by Pelindo III since 1985. In 2017, Pelindo III announced plans for a land reclamation of 22 hectares with a budget of Rp 150 billion, estimated to be completed on 2018.
According to historical records, this harbor developed since the 16th century. Previously Semarang Harbor was in Simongan hill, this area is now known as Gedong Batu where there is Sam Po Kong Temple. Geologically the ancient port location of Semarang was less profitable. The large amount of sand and continuous mud deposits, causing the river that connects the city with the port can not be navigated. Even at the mouth of the river formed a plain of sand that greatly hampered the cruise to and from the city. To overcome the unfavorable geological conditions for the large ships in 1868, some trading companies did the first mud dredging. Furthermore, a new harbor canal was created, named Nieuwe Havenkanaal , or Kali Baroe , which took place in 1872 . Through this canal, boats can sail down to the city center to drop off and load things. . After the construction of new canal, many ships from abroad, both steamers and sailboats, arrived at the port of Semarang. During 1910 there were 985 steamers and 38 sailboats docked in Semarang. They come from various countries namely England, Netherlands, Netherlands Indies, Germany, Denmark, Japan, Austria, Sweden, Norway, and France. A lighthouse in the port, known as Willem 3, had been active since 1884, which was the only lighthouse in Central Java. The Port of Semarang was developed to make the city as a port city and to export commodities from Java. Despite the addition of port facilities, Semarang Harbor was narrow. At that time, which could be docked at the maximum Nusantara Pier with ships with draft = 5 m or ± 3,500 Tons of deadweight (Dwt). While ships with draft> 5 m still have to dock outside the harbor or offshore which is ± 3 miles from the dock. It is therefore known as REDE Port. Since 1970, the flow of vessels and goods through the port tends to increase every year. According to data from 1970-1983 the increase in the flow of goods on average each year is 10% more. Given the limited port facilities such as the depth and width of the plot / pond that are inadequate for the entry / exit of ocean vessels, the Government decided to develop the Port.
Facilities in Tanjung Emas port include: 1. Break Wave 2. Sailing Flow 3. Port Pool 4. Dock 5. Fender 6. Warehouse 7. Terminal area of about 3000 m². Dock facilities at this port: Nusantara, Inner Port II, Pier Dock. VII, DUKS PLTU, Pertamina DUKS, DUKS BEST, and Dribs Sriboga. Tanjung Emas Port is also supported by equipment: Snug Ships, Pandu Ships, Kepil Ships, Warehouses, Field Stacking and Bongkat equipment, and services include: Ship Services, Goods Services, Terminal Services, Land Service, Building, Water and Electricity.
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