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Port of Valencia

Coordinates: 39°26′45″N 0°19′12″W / 39.4457°N 0.3199°W / 39.4457; -0.3199
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Port of Valencia
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Coordinates39°26′45″N 0°19′12″W / 39.4457°N 0.3199°W / 39.4457; -0.3199
Operated byPort Authority of Valencia
Type of harbourNatural/Artificial
Size600 ha (6 sq km)
No. of berths40
No. of wharfs72
Employees15,000 people[2]
General managerJoan Calabuig Rull[3]
Vessel arrivals7,521 (2022)[4]
Annual cargo tonnage79.3 million tonnes (2022)[5]
Annual container volume5.0 million TEU (2022)[6]
Passenger traffic1,73 million passengers (2022)[7]

The Port of Valencia is a seaport in Valencia, Spain. It is the fifth busiest seaport in Europe and the busiest port in the Mediterranean. As of 2019, it moves an annual cargo traffic of around eighty-one million tonnes (eighty million long tons; eighty-nine million short tons) and 5.4 million TEU, ranking first in Spain and second in the Mediterranean basin in container shipping (after the Port of Piraeus),[8] and second in Spain in annual cargo traffic, after the Port of Algeciras.

The port is also an important employer in the area, with more than 15,000 employees who provide services to more than 7,500 ships every year.


The history of the Port of Valencia began in 1483, when King Ferdinand the Catholic granted Antoni Joan the privilege of building a wooden bridge on the beach of the Grao district, called the Pont de Fusta.

From 1483 until the 19th century, various construction projects were built in the port, but because of periodic flooding of the Turia River and the continual movements of sand on the beach the port was not notably successful. However, traffic did increase incrementally over time and the king eventually granted trading privileges with other kingdoms and sovereign states in 1679 and for the Americas in 1791, with Valencia becoming the sixth maritime province in Spain.

In December 2023, the northern expansion of the port of Valencia was approved. It involves the construction of a new terminal with a capacity of 5M TEU, with a public investment of about €660 million.[9] The operator of the infrastructure, MSC, will invest about €1,050 million.[9]


The three ports controlled by the Port Authority of Valencia are in Valencia, Sagunto and Gandía. They are located on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, along an 80 km stretch of Spain's eastern coastline.

The Port of Valencia is the centre of economic activity in an area of influence encompassing a radius of 350 km. The port has a quay length of 12 km and a total storage area of 300 acres (1.2 km2).

Port of Valencia

Valencia Port Authority (PAV) has announced plans for the construction of a new container terminal in the northern expansion by 2030.[10]

Satellite ports[edit]

Port of Sagunt[edit]

This port has an annual traffic capacity of 10% of the entire port – its main cargo is liquefied natural gas; three million tonnes of gas are shipped per year due to the regasification plant located nearby.

Around 70% of the port's current traffic consists of iron and steel products and the rest of fertilizers, construction materials, timber and perishable products.

Port of Gandia[edit]

This port has an annual traffic capacity of 1.5 % of the entire port, and specialises in the export and import of forestry products: timber, reels, pulp, paper and furniture.


In 2022 the Port of Valencia handled 79,365,321 tonnes of cargo and 5,052,272 TEU making it the second busiest cargo port in Spain and the largest container port in the country.[11]

General statistics between 2021 - 2022[12]
2021 2022
Liquid Bulk * 3,867,779 5,818,821
Solid Bulk * 2,159,064 2,255,164
Conventional General Cargo * 14,806,681 14,763,010
Continerised General Cargo * 64,017,231 56,125,555
Fishing * 1,057 1,053
Supplies * 417,914 401,718
Total traffic (t)* 85,269,726 79,365,321
Vessels number 7,295 7,521
Containers (TEU) 5,604,478 5,052,272
Passengers 635,689 1,373,552
* figures in tonnes

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "UNLOCODE (ES) - SPAIN". service.unece.org. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  2. ^ Port of Valencia number of employees Archived 2007-08-04 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "BOE.es - BOE-A-2023-8756 Orden TMA/343/2023, de 1 de abril, por la que se publica el nombramiento del Presidente de la Autoridad Portuaria de Valencia".
  4. ^ "Traffic Statistics".
  5. ^ "Traffic Statistics".
  6. ^ "Traffic Statistics".
  7. ^ "Traffic Statistics".
  8. ^ "El Pireo supera a Valencia como primer puerto del Mediterráneo en contenedores". Expansión. 25 February 2020.
  9. ^ a b "El Gobierno aprueba la ampliación del Puerto de València en contra de los colectivos vecinales del Marítimo". eldiario.es. 19 December 2023.
  10. ^ "Valencia plans construction of new container terminal". Global Cargo News. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  11. ^ Annual report Archived 2008-12-01 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ "Statistical Report Port Authority of Valencia - December 2022" (PDF).

External links[edit]