Port of Valencia
|Port of Valencia|
|Operated by||Port Authority of Valencia|
|Type of harbor||Natural/Artificial|
|Size||600 ha (6 sq km)|
|General manager||Rafael Aznar Garrigues|
|Vessel arrivals||7,287 (2007)|
|Annual cargo tonnage||81 million tonnes (2019)|
|Annual container volume||5.4 million TEU (2019)|
|Passenger traffic||474,814 passengers (2007)|
199,335 passengers (2008)
The Port of Valencia is a seaport located in Valencia, Spain. It is the fifth busiest seaport in Europe and the busiest port in the Mediterranean. As of 2019, it moves an annual cargo traffic of around eighty-one million tonnes (eighty million long tons; eighty-nine million short tons) and 5.4 TEU, ranking first in Spain and second in the Mediterranean basin in container shipping (after the Port of Piraeus), and second in Spain in annual cargo traffic, after the Port of Algeciras.
The port is also an important employer in the area, with more than 15,000 employees who provide services to more than 7,500 ships every year.
The history of the Port of Valencia began in 1483, when King Ferdinand the Catholic granted Antoni Joan the privilege of building a wooden bridge on the beach of the Grao district, called the Pont de Fusta.
From 1483 until the 19th century, various construction projects were built in the port, but because of periodic flooding of the Turia River and the continual movements of sand on the beach the port was not notably successful. However, traffic did increase incrementally over time and the king eventually granted trading privileges with other kingdoms and sovereign states in 1679 and for the Americas in 1791, with Valencia becoming the sixth maritime province in Spain.
The three ports controlled by the Port Authority of Valencia are in Valencia, Sagunto and Gandía. They are located on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, along an 80 km stretch of Spain’s eastern coastline.
The Port of Valencia is the centre of economic activity in an area of influence encompassing a radius of 350 km, which generates 51 percent of Spain's GDP and includes half the entire working population of the giant country. The port has a quay length of 12 km and a total storage area of 300 acres (1.2 km2).
Valencia Port Authority (PAV) has announced plans for the construction of a new container terminal in the northern expansion by 2030.
Port of Sagunto
This port has an annual traffic capacity of 10% of the entire port – its main cargo is liquefied natural gas; three million tonnes of gas are shipped per year due to the regasification plant located nearby.
Port of Gandía
|Nr of passengers||345,063||474,814|
- * figures in tonnes
- List of ports in Spain
- List of busiest ports in Europe
- List of world's busiest container ports
- Valencia Street Circuit
- "UNLOCODE (ES) - SPAIN". service.unece.org. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
- Port of Valencia number of employees Archived 2007-08-04 at the Wayback Machine
- Port of Valencia vessel arrivals Archived 2008-12-01 at the Wayback Machine
- "El puerto de Valencia bate su récord de tráfico y abre una brecha histórica con el de Barcelona". ABC. 12 February 2020.
- Top 50 World Container Ports - World Shipping Council
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-09-09. Retrieved 2009-01-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "El Pireo supera a Valencia como primer puerto del Mediterráneo en contenedores". Expansión. 25 February 2020.
- "Valencia plans construction of new container terminal". Global Cargo News. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
- Annual report Archived 2008-12-01 at the Wayback Machine
- Official figures Archived 2008-12-01 at the Wayback Machine
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Port of Valencia.|
- Official website (in English and Spanish)