Port of Valencia

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Port of Valencia
Port de València, eixida.JPG
Harbour
Location
Country Spain
Location Valencia
Details
Owned by Port Authority of Valencia
Type of harbor Natural/Artificial
Size 600 ha (6 sq km)
Available berths 40
Wharfs 72
Employees 15,000 people[1]
General manager Rafael Aznar Garrigues
Statistics
Vessel arrivals 7,287 (2007)[2]
Annual cargo tonnage 57.5 million tonnes (2009)[3]
Annual container volume 4.2 million TEU (2010)[4]
Passenger traffic 474,814 passengers (2007)[citation needed]
199,335 passengers (2008)[5]
Website
www.valenciaport.com

The Port of Valencia, seaport located in Valencia, Spain. It is the fifth busiest seaport in Europe, being also the largest in Spain and in the Mediterranean Sea basin,[6] with an annual traffic capacity of around 57 million tonnes of cargo (2009) and 4,210,000 TEU (2010).[7]

The port is also an important employer in the area, with more than 15,000 employees who provide services to more than 7,500 ships every year.

History[edit]

The history of the Port of Valencia began in 1483, when King Ferdinand the Catholic granted Antoni Joan the privilege of building a wooden bridge on the beach of the Grao district, called the Pont de Fusta.

From 1483 until the 19th century, various construction projects were built in the port, but because of periodic flooding of the Turia River and the continual movements of sand on the beach the port was not notably successful. However, traffic did increase incrementally over time and the king eventually granted trading privileges with other kingdoms and sovereign states in 1679 and for the Americas in 1791, with Valencia becoming the sixth maritime province in Spain.

Description[edit]

The three ports controlled by the Port Authority of Valencia are in Valencia, Sagunto and Gandía. They are located on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, along an 80 km stretch of Spain’s eastern coastline.

The Port of Valencia is the centre of economic activity in an area of influence encompassing a radius of 350 km, which generates 51 percent of Spain's GDP and includes half the entire working population of the country. The port has a quay length of 12 km and a total storage area of 300 acres (1.2 km2).

Port of Valencia

Satellite ports[edit]

Port of Sagunto[edit]

This port has an annual traffic capacity of 10% of the entire port – its main cargo is liquefied natural gas; three million tonnes of gas are shipped per year due to the regasification plant located nearby.

Around 70% of the port's current traffic consists of iron and steel products and the rest of fertilizers, construction materials, timber and perishable products.

Port of Gandía[edit]

This port has an annual traffic capacity of 1.5 % of the entire port, and specialises in the export and import of forestry products: timber, reels, pulp, paper and furniture.

Statistics[edit]

Port of Valencia

In 2007 the Port of Valencia handled 53,592,859 tonnes of cargo and 3,042,665 TEU making it the second busiest cargo port in Spain and the largest container port in the country.[8]

General statistics between 2006 - 2007[9]
Year 2006 2007
Fishing* 254,603 339,324
Liquid bulk* 4,355,965 5,543,232
Dry bulk* 7,148,231 7,322,671
Nr of passengers 345,063 474,814
Containers (TEU) 2,612,049 3,042,665
Containers* 28,157,269 32,526,654
Other cargoes* 7,624,309 7,860,978
Vessels (nr) 7,046 7,287
Total*' 47,540,374 53,592,859
* figures in tonnes

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°26′45″N 0°19′12″W / 39.4457°N 0.3199°W / 39.4457; -0.3199