Portaferry

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Portaferry
Portaferry 1c.JPG
Portaferry from the pier towards the north
Portaferry is located in County Down
Portaferry
Location within County Down
Population2,514 (2011 Census)
Irish grid referenceJ594509
District
County
CountryNorthern Ireland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townNEWTOWNARDS
Postcode districtBT22
Dialling code028
PoliceNorthern Ireland
FireNorthern Ireland
AmbulanceNorthern Ireland
List of places
UK
Northern Ireland
Down
54°22′51″N 5°32′55″W / 54.3809°N 5.5486°W / 54.3809; -5.5486Coordinates: 54°22′51″N 5°32′55″W / 54.3809°N 5.5486°W / 54.3809; -5.5486
Portaferry from the grounds of Castle Ward, on the opposite bank of Strangford Lough

Portaferry (from Irish Port a' Pheire 'landing place of the ferry') is a small town in County Down, Northern Ireland, at the southern end of the Ards Peninsula, near the Narrows at the entrance to Strangford Lough. It is home to the Exploris aquarium and is well known for the annual Gala Week Float Parade. It hosts its own small Marina, the Portaferry Marina. The Portaferry - Strangford Ferry service operates daily at 15-minute intervals (8am to 11pm) between the villages of Portaferry and Strangford, less than a mile apart, conveying about 500,000 passengers per annum. It had a population of 2,514 people in the 2011 Census.[1]

Pot fishing, mainly for prawns and crabs and licensed shellfish farming takes place within Strangford Lough. Queen's University of Belfast[2] have a Marine Research Laboratory on the shorefront and currently the town is also home to a tidal energy research project the Minesto Sea Kite. The Lough is one of the world's most important marine sites with over 2,000 marine species.

There are fine Georgian buildings in the town square, including a Market House, now used as a community centre.

Portaferry Lifeboat is an essential lifeline for local fishermen and yachtsmen. The Atlantic 75 is the fastest seagoing lifeboat in the RNLI's fleet and is capable of speeds up to 34 Knots.[3][4]

History[edit]

Demography[edit]

2001 Census[edit]

Portaferry is classified as an intermediate settlement by the NI Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) (i.e. with population between 2,250 and 4,500 people). On Census day (29 April 2001) there were 2,467 people living in Portaferry. Of these:

  • 25.1% were aged under 16 years and 18.2% were aged 60 and over
  • 50.4% of the population were male and 49.6% were female
  • 89.1% were from a Catholic background and 9.7% were from a Protestant background
  • 4.6% of people aged 16–74 were unemployed.

Places of interest[edit]

The Portaferry to Strangford ferry from Strangford

People[edit]

Environment[edit]

Strangford Lough View From Windmill Hill, Portaferry

The Portaferry area is popular with local and foreign tourists for its beauty, history, wildlife and other visitor attractions. Strangford Lough is the largest sea inlet in the British Isles.

It is Northern Ireland's first Marine Nature Reserve and is renowned as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and Special Scientific Interest, with six National Nature Reserves within its reaches. Over 2000 species of marine animals have been found in the Lough and internationally important flocks of wildfowl and wading birds converge there in winter. The Lough is also the most important site in Ireland for breeding common seals.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Lough Cowey (10m elevation) 1981–2010
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.2
(46.8)
8.3
(46.9)
9.8
(49.6)
11.6
(52.9)
14.3
(57.7)
16.7
(62.1)
18.7
(65.7)
18.4
(65.1)
16.6
(61.9)
13.5
(56.3)
10.6
(51.1)
8.7
(47.7)
13.0
(55.4)
Average low °C (°F) 2.9
(37.2)
2.7
(36.9)
3.7
(38.7)
4.7
(40.5)
7.1
(44.8)
9.7
(49.5)
11.7
(53.1)
11.6
(52.9)
10.1
(50.2)
7.7
(45.9)
5.2
(41.4)
3.4
(38.1)
6.7
(44.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 77.1
(3.04)
56.3
(2.22)
60.7
(2.39)
55.3
(2.18)
56.1
(2.21)
61.7
(2.43)
58.9
(2.32)
73.1
(2.88)
69.1
(2.72)
86.9
(3.42)
87.6
(3.45)
79.7
(3.14)
822.5
(32.38)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 12.8 10.1 11.8 10.2 11.1 10.1 10.5 11.6 10.6 12.5 13.1 12.7 137
Mean monthly sunshine hours 55.1 77.1 113.3 159.9 201.9 169.9 172.7 161.3 133.2 100.8 65.1 48.8 1,459
Source: metoffice.gov.uk[9]

Sport[edit]

GAA sports, particularly hurling are popular in the area and Portaferry GAC were Ulster Club Hurling Champions in 2014. There are two other GAA clubs nearby, Ballygalget and Ballycran, and there is intense rivalry between the three.

Other pursuits are sailing, coastal rowing, angling, wildfowling and birdwatching. The town has the Lough's longest established sailing club.

Industry[edit]

Portaferry industrial activities include agriculture, fishing, tourism. 'Suki Tea' announced as of 2014 that experimental tea growing will commence in the area, utilising the relatively warm and dry climate, with frost protection from Strangford lough. The Lough is a centre for experimental marine current turbine technology development. In 2008 a twin rotor 1.2 MW SeaGen was installed and successfully demonstrated this technology until its decommissioning which began in 2017. Tidal energy, unlike wind or wave, is a renewable energy resource which can be predicted.[www.marineturbines.com]. Swedish company Minesto are currently trialling their "sea kite" technology.

Portaferry played a part in the linen industry. Many of the women in the town were employed to embroider handkerchiefs for Thomas Somerset and Co. one of the major linen companies in Ireland. The company realised that the women were more productive in the summer due to the light, so installed the first electric light outside of Belfast in Ulster. Each house with a working woman was given one light fitting and bulb. There was also a bus service introduced to bring more women from the Ards Peninsula to Portaferry to work in the factory that Somersets built.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Portaferry". Census 2011 Results. NI Statistics and Research Agency. Archived from the original on 22 April 2015. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
  2. ^ Marine Laboratory Archived 2 February 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "Portaferry Lifeboat". Archived from the original on 1 April 2004. Retrieved 11 April 2004.
  4. ^ Culture Northern Ireland – Portaferry Lifeboat Station Archived 17 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Exploris". Archived from the original on 7 February 2006. Retrieved 9 February 2006.
  6. ^ "About the Ferry". Northern Ireland Roads Department. Archived from the original on 7 December 2009. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  7. ^ Portaferry Castle Archived 4 May 2005 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Culture Northern ireland – Joseph Tomelty Archived 21 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ "Climate Normals 1981–2010". Met Office. Archived from the original on 5 May 2021. Retrieved 25 February 2021.