Portage Park, Chicago
|Community Area 15 - Portage Park|
Location within the city of Chicago
|• Total||3.98 sq mi (10.31 km2)|
|• Density||16,000/sq mi (6,200/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|ZIP Codes||parts of 60630, 60634, 60641|
|Median household income||$52,356|
|Source: U.S. Census, Record Information Services|
Portage Park is located on the northwest side of the City of Chicago, Illinois and is one of 77 officially designated Chicago community areas. Portage Park is bordered by the community areas of Jefferson Park and Forest Glen to the north, Dunning and the suburb of Harwood Heights to the west, Irving Park to the east and Belmont-Cragin to the south.
The area is notable for its Six Corners outdoor shopping district, centered at the intersection of Irving Park Road, Cicero Avenue and the diagonal Milwaukee Avenue, the Portage Theater and for its namesake - Portage Park. The name of the park was taken from the major portage linking the Des Plaines and Chicago rivers along what is today Irving Park Road. The area was so swampy that in wet weather, Native Americans and trappers were easily able to paddle through the area in either direction without leaving their canoes. In those days, the Des Plaines was perhaps the most significant way to the Illinois, and then on to the Mississippi (and to return).
Portage Park has the largest Polish community in the Chicago Metropolitan Area according to the 2000 census. Portage Park is home to the Polish American Association, the Polish Jesuit Millennium Center, the Polish Army Veterans Association in the beautiful building of the former Irving State bank, in addition to the multitude of Polish shops and businesses throughout the district. One of the area's parks is named Chopin Park after Frédéric Chopin, Poland's most famous pianist and composer.
In 1850, along with construction of the Northwest Plank Road (present Milwaukee Avenue), Jefferson Township was incorporated at the legendary Dickinson Tavern. Jefferson Township was part of a large swath of land annexed to the city in 1889 in advance of the World's Columbian Exposition. Much of the area was still largely rural in the early 20th century until the extension of streetcar lines into the area along Milwaukee, Irving, and Cicero lured in immigrants from the overcrowded tenements of the city's ethnic enclaves. Soon Scandinavian, German, Italian, Polish and Irish families from the industrial areas by the Chicago River such as Polish Downtown and Goose Island were buying lots in the vicinity to build their homes. Area developers such as Szajkowski, Schorsch as well as Koester and Zander subdivided what had been farmland into subdivisions of what became part of Chicago's famous "bungalow belt".
The Portage Park neighborhood is accessible via mass transit through the Blue Line. The Montrose station is located on Portage Park's northeastern edge in the Kennedy Expressway median. The Milwaukee District / North Line has a station stop at Mayfair, just west of the Kennedy Expressway.
The neighborhood of Portage Park is a primarily residential area. The area's building stock is composed primarily of bungalows and two-flats. There are two large business districts in Portage Park; one, Six Corners, at the intersection of Irving, Cicero, and Milwaukee, and another at Belmont and Central extending south into Belmont-Cragin.
The area was home to a number of movie palaces, among which were the Portage, Patio, and Belpark theaters. While the Belpark is now closed, the Portage Theater has been renovated with public TIF funds and is now home to a performing arts center showing arthouse and silent films. The Patio was privately restored and showing first-run movies.
Portage Park is also home to a cluster of architecturally significant churches, and is one of the few neighborhoods on the city's North Side highlighted in Marilyn Chiat's The Spiritual Traveler: Chicago and Illinois. The spires and steeples of these monumental edifices such as St. Pascal's, St. Ladislaus, St. John of Rila the Wonderworker, St. Bartholomew, St. Ferdinand, and Our Lady of Victory tower over the neighborhood, giving the area much of its charm.
Portage Park (Chicago Park District)
Portage Park served as the focus that brought together the different communities in the area and created the neighborhood.
The field house at Portage Park was designed by Clarence Hatzfeld. Hatzfeld's architectural firm of Hatzfeld and Knox would later design many of the Prairie and Craftsman-style bungalows just east in the Villa District in Irving Park near historic St. Wenceslaus.
The park in Portage park originally had a dirt bottom pond that blended into a cement bottom pool. The hill to the east of the pool that exists now, was the dirt that was removed when the pool was first created when the park was first established. The pond portion of the pool extended to the western edge of this 'hill'. The earliest building in the park is the gymnasium, followed by the field house. The staircase to the field house was a circular affair, supported by several cement posts under the platform that was created by a large landing at the second floor.
The WPA was very involved in the creation of the long gone Rock House at the south end of the Park. This Rock House had a small pond area that had goldfish and flower basins. Until the polio epidemic, the water was kept at a substantial depth to support the fish over winter. The flower planters to the north and east of the main entrance off Central at Irving Park Road will give an idea of just what the Rock House looked like. There were seats throughout the half circle structure of flagstone. Except for the overhead wooden canopy, every where you looked there was white flagstone - walls, seats, floor, support pillars. The Chicago Park District has WPA photos of the structure. The park predates all of the buildings that surround it.
The neighborhood of Portage Park has a number of other greenspaces aside from the neighborhood's namesake park:
- Chopin Park
- Dickinson Park
- Dunham Park
- Grace Zwiefka-Thuis Playlot Park
- Lucy Gonzales-Parsons Playlot Park
- Wilson Park
Portage Park residents are served by Chicago Public Schools, which includes neighborhood and city-wide options for students. There are also a number of private parochial schools run by Roman Catholic and Lutheran congregations in the area.
Public Elementary Schools
- Peter A. Reinberg Elementary
- Chicago Academy Elementary
- William P. Gray Elementary
- Portage Park Public School
- Prussing Elementary School
- Smyser Elementary School
Public High Schools
- Edwin G. Foreman High School
- Carl Schurz High School
Private Elementary Schools
- Our Lady of Victory School
- St. Pascal School
- St. Bartholomew School
Chicago Public Library operates three branches located in the Portage Park community area: Portage-Cragin, Austin-Irving and Jefferson Park.
- The Patio Theater, built in 1927, is a single-screen atmospheric style movie palace screening repertory and independent films.
- There are preliminary plans to erect a statue of pianist Frédéric Chopin in Chopin Park for the 200th anniversary of Chopin's birth in addition to a 1:1-scale replica of Wacław Szymanowski's Art Nouveau found in Warsaw's Royal Baths along Chicago's lakefront.
- Portage Park is the childhood home of Francis Cardinal George, O.M.I., the late Cardinal Archbishop Emeritus of Chicago (1937-2015; served 1997-2014; cardinal, 1998; president of the U.S. bishops, 2007-2010; formerly, Bishop of Yakima, WA, and Archbishop of Portland, OR). He grew up in a working class area of the neighborhood in a small red-brick house. There is a street, near Byron Street, named for him.
- Paral, Rob. "Chicago Demographics Data". Retrieved 6 June 2012.
- Paral, Rob. "Chicago Census Data". Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- Keating, Ann Durkin (Ed.) (2004). Chicago Neighborhoods and Suburbs: A Historical Guide, p. 254. University of Chicago Press.
- Pogorzelski, Daniel, & Maloof, John (2008). Portage Park, p.7. Arcadia Publishing.
- Skerrett, Ellen (2003). "It's More Than a Bungalow: Portage Park and the Making of the Bungalow Belt". In The Chicago Architecture Foundation, The Chicago Bungalow, p. 104. Arcadia Publishing.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Portage Park, Chicago.|
- Official City of Chicago Portage Park Community Map
- PDF file on Portage Park Bungalows from the Historic Chicago Bungalow Association
- Chicago Landmarks
- Chicago Park District
||Norwood Park, Chicago||Jefferson Park, Chicago||Forest Glen, Chicago|
|Harwood Heights, Illinois||Irving Park, Chicago|
|Dunning, Chicago||Belmont Cragin, Chicago||Hermosa, Chicago|