Abkhazia (Abkhaz: Аҧсны Apsny, Russian: Абха́зия Abkhazia, Georgian: აფხაზეთი Apkhazeti) is a partially recognised country on the southern flank of the Caucasus, on the north-eastern shore of the Black Sea. It borders Russia's Krasnodar Krai and Karachay-Cherkess Republic to the north and Georgia's Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti region to the east.
Since the 1992-1993 war with Georgia Abkhazia has viewed itself as independent but it is considered part of Georgia by every other country in the world except Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Nauru, Vanuatu, Tuvalu, and the partially recognized republics of South Ossetia, Transnistria, and Nagorno-Karabakh.
The 1992-1993 war devastated Abkhazia and saw large scale Human rights violations and ethnic cleansing on both sides. It eventually led to the flight and forced expulsion from Abkhazia of its Georgian, Pontic Greek and Estonian populations, of which only some have since been able to return. Even after these population changes Abkhazia remains ethnically diverse, with large Armenian, Mingrelian (Georgian) and Russian minorities and native Abkhaz only forming a plurality. Despite numerous talks Abkhazia and Georgia have not found a political solution to the conflict, which has flared up violently several times throughout the years.
Abkhazia is extremely mountainous. The landscapes of Abkhazia range from coastal forests and citrus, tea, tobacco and wine plantations, to eternal snows and glaciers. The country is richly irrigated by many small rivers originating in the Caucasus Mountains.
Because of Abkhazia's proximity to the Black Sea and the shield of the Caucasus Mountains, its climate is very mild, and in Soviet times it was a popular tourist destination. In recent years tourism has again become a significant factor in Abkhazia's economy.