The Academy Award for Best Actress
is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
(AMPAS). It is given in honor of an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance in a leading
role while working within the film industry
. The award was traditionally presented by the previous year's Best Actor winner.
The 1st Academy Awards
ceremony was held in 1929 with Janet Gaynor
receiving the award for her roles in 7th Heaven
, Street Angel
, and Sunrise
. Currently, nominees are determined by single transferable vote
within the actors branch of AMPAS; winners are selected by a plurality vote
from the entire eligible voting members of the Academy. In the first three years of the awards, actresses were nominated as the best in their categories. At that time, all of their work during the qualifying period (as many as three films, in some cases) was listed after the award. However, during the 3rd ceremony
held in 1930, only one of those films was cited in each winner's final award, even though each of the acting winners had two films following their names on the ballots. Read more...