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Acadia (in the French language Acadie) was the name given to lands in a portion of the French colonial empire in northeastern North America that included parts of eastern Quebec, the Maritime provinces, and most of modern-day Maine. People living in Acadia, and sometimes former residents and their descendants, are called Acadians, also later known as Cajuns after settlement in Louisiana. The Acadians participated in six colonial wars (see the four French and Indian Wars, Father Rale's War and Father Le Loutre's War). The capital of Acadia was primarily Port Royal, until the British conquest of Acadia in the Siege of Port Royal (1710).

Today, Acadia is used to refer to regions of North America that are historically associated with the lands, descendants, and/or culture of the former French region. It particularly refers to regions of The Maritimes with French roots, language, and culture, primarily in New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island, as well as in Maine. It can also be used to refer to the Acadian diaspora in southern Louisiana, a region also referred to as Acadiana. In the abstract, Acadia refers to the existence of a French culture in any of these regions.

Acadie etoile.png More about... Acadia and the Acadian people
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Tintamarre is an Acadian tradition of marching through one's community making noise with improvised instruments and other noisemakers, usually in celebration of National Acadian Day or other events affirming Acadian identity and accomplishments. The term originates from the Acadian French word meaning "clangour" or "din". The practice is intended to demonstrate the vitality and solidarity of Acadian society, and to remind others of the presence of Acadians.

Tintamarre is a recent tradition, originating in the mid-20th century, although it is believed to have been inspired by the ancient French folk custom of Charivari. In 1955, during the commemorations of the 200th anniversary of the Expulsion of the Acadians, the Archbishop of Moncton, Norbert Robichaud, circulated an instruction sheet advising families to engage in a "joyful tintamarre" once the church bells began to ring. Read more...

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Antonine Maillet, PC, CC, OQ, ONB, FRSC (born May 10, 1929) is an Acadian novelist, playwright, and scholar. She was born in Bouctouche, New Brunswick and lives in Montreal, Quebec.

Following high school, she received her BA from the Université de Moncton, followed by an MA from the same institution. She then received her PhD in literature in 1970 from the Université Laval. She taught literature and folklore at Laval, then in Montreal between 1971 to 1976. She later worked for Radio-Canada in Moncton as a script writer and host.

In 1976 she was made an Officer of the Order of Canada and was promoted to Companion in 1981. Maillet was awarded the Royal Society of Canada's Lorne Pierce Medal in 1980. In 1985 she was made an Officier des Arts et des Lettres de France and in 2005 she was inducted into the Order of New Brunswick. She is a member of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada.

In 1979 her work Pélagie-la-Charrette won the Prix Goncourt, giving her the distinction of being the only non-European to be awarded the prize until that date. Read more...

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Did you know?

  • The area that became known as Acadia was inhabited for thousands of years by Aboriginal tribes, predominantly the Mi'kmaq people.
  • August 15 is National Acadian Day. Choosing this day was one of the highlights of the first National Acadian Convention in Memramcook, New Brunswick in 1881.
  • Both the Acadian motto and the insignia were adopted in Miscouche, Prince Edward Island in 1884, during the second Acadian Convention
  • The Latin song Ave Maris Stella was chosen as the Acadian national anthem in 1884 as well as the The Acadian flag



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