Portal:Andorra

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Benvingut al Portal d'Andorra!

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Andorra (/ænˈdɔːrə, -ˈdɒrə/ (About this sound listen); Catalan: [ənˈdorə]), officially the Principality of Andorra (Catalan: Principat d'Andorra), also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra (Catalan: Principat de les Valls d'Andorra), is a sovereign landlocked microstate on the Iberian Peninsula, in the eastern Pyrenees, bordered by France in the north and Spain in the south. Believed to have been created by Charlemagne, Andorra was ruled by the Count of Urgell until 988 when it was transferred to the Diocese of Urgell, and the present principality was formed by a charter in 1278. It is known as a principality as it is a diarchy headed by two Co-Princes: the Catholic Bishop of Urgell in Spain and the President of the Republic of France.

Andorra is the sixth-smallest nation in Europe, having an area of 468 square kilometres (181 sq mi) and a population of approximately 77,281. The Andorrans are a Romance ethnic group of originally Catalan descent. Andorra is the 16th-smallest country in the world by land and 11th-smallest country by population. Its capital Andorra la Vella is the highest capital city in Europe, at an elevation of 1,023 metres (3,356 feet) above sea level. The official language is Catalan, although Spanish, Portuguese, and French are also commonly spoken.

Andorra's tourism services an estimated 10.2 million visitors annually. It is not a member of the European Union, but the euro is its official currency. It has been a member of the United Nations since 1993. In 2013, the people of Andorra had the highest life expectancy in the world at 81 years, according to the Global Burden of Disease Study.

Selected article

The Estadi Comunal Aixovall, Andorra's home football stadium
The Andorran national football team (Catalan: Selecció de futbol d'Andorra) is the Andorran national association football team and is controlled by the Andorran Football Federation. The team done badly in international competitions, due in part to Andorra's very small population, the fourth smallest of any country in the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA). Andorra's first official game was in 1996 against Estonia in Andorran capital Andorra la Vella, which it lost 6-1. Andorra has competed in the qualification games for every FIFA World cup since 2000, but has had very little success. Andorra has only won a competitive match once, in 2006 against Macedonia.

In the UEFA Euro 2012 qualifying competitions the Andorran team did very badly, losing all ten matches.

Selected biography

Francois Hollande 2015.jpeg

François Hollande (French pronunciation: ​[fʁɑ̃swa ɔlɑ̃d]; born 12 August 1954) is the President-elect of France and Co-Prince-elect of Andorra. He also served as the First Secretary of the French Socialist Party from 1997 to 2008 and as a Deputy of the National Assembly of France for Corrèze's 1st Constituency since 1997, and previously represented that seat from 1988 to 1993. He was the Mayor of Tulle from 2001 to 2008, and was the President of the Corrèze General Council from 2008 to 2012. He was elected as President of France on 6 May 2012, defeating the incumbent Nicolas Sarkozy.

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Did you know?

  • ...that Andorra is the only country where Catalan is the sole official language, even though only about 31,000 of the 11,530,160 speakers live there?
  • ...that Andorra is the only country in the world to have an elected monarch? (One of the Co-Princes of Andorra is elected as the President of France by the people of that country).
  • ...that, although it is not a member of the European Union, Andorra uses the euro?

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