Portal:Anime and manga/Selected series/4

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Twin Spica is a Japanese seinen manga series written and illustrated by Kou Yaginuma. It was serialized in the Comic Flapper magazine from September 2001 to August 2009 and was later published in 16 tankōbon volumes by Media Factory from January 2002 to October 2009. The "realistic, slice-of-life science fiction series" tells the story of a group of Japanese high school students training to become astronauts in the early 21st century after the country's first human spaceflight launch ends in a disaster that causes many civilian casualties.

The manga was adapted into an anime television series by animation studio Group TAC. It premiered on November 1, 2003, on Japan's NHK BS Hi-Vision satellite service. Twenty episodes of the anime aired until March 27, 2004, when the series concluded prematurely before the manga was completed. Satellite television network Animax has broadcast the anime in multiple regional language releases, and the English version premiered on Animax Asia on January 24, 2005. A live-action adaptation was announced by NHK in cooperation with the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency on March 30, 2009. Seven episodes of the television series aired later between June 18 and July 30. Vertical announced acquisition of the license to publish the Twin Spica manga in English at the New York Anime Festival in September 2009, and the translated first volume is scheduled for publication in May 2010.