The Valley of the Kings (Arabic: وادي الملوك Wadi Biban el-Muluk; "Gates of the King")is a valley in Egypt where for a period of nearly 500 years from the 16th to 11th century BC, tombs were constructed for the kings and powerful nobles of the New Kingdom (the Eighteenth through Twentieth Dynasties of Ancient Egypt).The valley stands on the west bank of the Nile, across from Thebes (modern Luxor), within the heart of the Theban Necropolis.The wadi consists of two valleys, East Valley (where the majority of the royal tombs situated) and West Valley.The area has been a focus of concentrated archaeological and egyptological exploration since the end of the eighteenth century, and its tombs and burials continue to stimulate research and interest. In modern times the valley has become famous for the discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun.
Chichen Itza (; from Yucatec Maya: chich'en itza', "At the mouth of the well of the Itza") is a large pre-Columbian archaeological site built by the Maya civilization located in the northern center of the Yucatán Peninsula, present-day Mexico.Chichen Itza was a major regional center in the northern Maya lowlands from the Late Classic through the Terminal Classic and into the early portion of the Early Postclassic period. The site exhibits a multitude of architectural styles, from what is called “Mexicanized” and reminiscent of styles seen in central Mexico to the Puuc style found among the Puuc Maya of the northern lowlands. The presence of central Mexican styles was once thought to have been representative of direct migration or even conquest from central Mexico, but most contemporary interpretations view the presence of these non-Maya styles more as the result of cultural diffusion.
The Acropolis of Athens is the best known acropolis (high city, The "Sacred Rock") in the world. Although there are many other acropoleis in Greece, the significance of the Acropolis of Athens is such that it is commonly known as The Acropolis without qualification. The Acropolis was formally proclaimed as the pre-eminent monument on the European Cultural Heritage list of monuments on the 26th of March, 2007[. The Acropolis is a flat-topped rock which rises 150 m (512 ft) above sea level in the city of Athens. It was also known as Cecropia, after the legendary serpent-man, Kekrops or Cecrops, the first Athenian king.
Babylon was a city of ancient Mesopotamia, the ruins of which can be found in present-day Al Hillah, Babil Province; Iraq about 80km south of Baghdad. It was the "holy city" of Babylonia from around 2300 BC, and the seat of the Neo-Babylonian Empire from 612 BC. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.The form Babylon is the Greek variant of Akkadian Babilu (bāb-ilû, meaning "Gateway of the god(s)", translating Sumerian Ka.dingir.ra). In the Bible, the name appears as בבל (Babel), interpreted by Genesis 11:9 to mean "confusion", from the verb balal, "to confuse".
Ur was an ancient city in southern Mesopotamia, located near the mouth (at the time) of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers on the Persian Gulf and close to Eridu. It is considered to be one of the earliest known civilizations in world history. Because of marine regression, the remains are now well inland in present-day Iraq, south of the Euphrates on its right bank, and named Tell el-Mukayyar,near the city of Nasiriyah south of Baghdad.The site is marked by the ruins of a ziggurat (right), still largely intact, and by a settlement mound. The ziggurat is a temple of Nanna, the moon deity in Sumerian mythology, and has two stages constructed from brick: in the lower stage the bricks are joined together with bitumen, in the upper stage they are joined with mortar. The Sumerian name for this city was Urim.
) is the Greek
designation of the ancient Egyptian niwt
"(The) City" and niwt-rst
"(The) Southern City".The new kingdom placed their new capital in Thebes. It is located about 800 km south of the Mediterranean, on the east bank of the river Nile
(25°42′00″N 32°38′42″E / 25.7°N 32.645°E
). Thebes was the capital of Waset,
the fourth Upper Egyptian nome
(the term "Waset" was used for the name of the city as well). The city was the capital of Egypt
during part of the Eleventh Dynasty
), and most of the Eighteenth Dynasty
), though the administration probably remained located at Memphis
for much of this. With the Nineteenth Dynasty
the seat of government moved to the Delta
. The archaeological remains of Thebes offer a striking testimony to Egyptian civilization at its height.
was the ancient capital of the first nome
of Lower Egypt
, and of the Old Kingdom
from its foundation until around 2200 BC
and later for shorter periods during the [[New Kingdom .Its Ancient Egyptian
name was Ineb Hedj
("The White Walls"). The name "Memphis" (Μέμφις
) is the Greek
deformation of the Egyptian name of Pepi I
's (6th dynasty
which became ⲙⲉⲛϥⲉ Menfe
. The modern cities and towns of Mit Rahina, Dahshur
, Abu Gorab
, and Zawyet el'Aryan
, south of Cairo
, all lie within the administrative borders of historical Memphis (29°50′58.8″N 31°15′15.4″E / 29.849667°N 31.254278°E
). Memphis was also known in Ancient Egypt
as Ankh Tawy
("That which binds the Two Lands"), thus stressing the strategic position of the city between Upper
and Lower Egypt
(or Rapa Nui
to the indigenous Rapanui
people, or Isla de Pascua
), is a Chilean
-governed island in the south eastern Pacific Ocean
, at the southeastern tip of the Polynesian triangle
. Easter Island is famous for its enigmatic moai
statues, and is a world heritage site
with much of the island protected by the Rapa Nui National Park