Portal:Archaeology/Selected picture

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Selected pictures list

Portal:Archaeology/Selected picture/1

Cliff Palace
Credit: Gustaf Nordenskiöld

An 1891 photograph of Cliff Palace, the largest cliff dwelling—a structure built within caves and under outcroppings in cliffs—in North America, located in what is now Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado, USA. There are about 150 rooms in the 288 ft (88 m) long structure, although only 25 to 30 of those were used as living space by Ancient Pueblo Peoples. it is estimated that the population of Cliff Palace was roughly 100–150 people.

Portal:Archaeology/Selected picture/2

Edwin Smith Papyrus
Credit: Credited to Imhotep and others

Plates 6 and 7 of the Edwin Smith Papyrus, the world's oldest surviving surgical document. Written in hieratic script in ancient Egypt around 1600 BC, the text describes anatomical observations and the examination, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of 48 types of medical problems. The document reveals the sophistication and practicality of ancient Egyptian medicine.

Portal:Archaeology/Selected picture/3

Treasury of Athens
Credit: Sam Korn

The Treasury of Athens is a building at Delphi, the holiest of Ancient Greek sites and shrine to the god Apollo. It was built to commemorate the Athenians' victory at the Battle of Marathon. It is one of a number of such treasuries, built by the various states—those overseas as well as those on the mainland—to commemorate victories and to thank the oracle for advice important to those victories. The Athenians had previously been given the advice by the oracle to put their faith in their "wooden walls" – taking this advice to mean their navy, they won a famous battle at Salamis.

Portal:Archaeology/Selected picture/4

The Great Bath
Credit: Diliff

The Great Bath of the Roman Baths in Bath, England, with Bath Abbey in the background. The complex, a grade I listed building, was constructed during Roman Britain, during which time the town was known as Aquae Sulis. It was rediscovered in the 18th century and, as well as being a major archaeological find, it has become one of the city's main attractions. The entire structure above the level of the pillar bases is a later reconstruction.

Portal:Archaeology/Selected picture/5

Credit: Aurbina

A cluster of Moai found in the Rano Raraku crater on Easter Island. These monolithic statues, carved from compressed volcanic ash, may weigh more than 20 tonnes and be more than 6 m (20 ft) tall. About 95% of the 887 moai known to date were constructed at Rano Raraku, where 394 moai still remain visible today. It is not known exactly how the moai were moved, but Pavel Pavel demonstrated that only 17 people with ropes are needed for relatively fast transportation of the statues.

Portal:Archaeology/Selected picture/6

Giza pyramids
Credit: Ricardo Liberato

The main pyramids of the Giza Necropolis (front to back): Pyramids of the Queens, Pyramid of Menkaure, Pyramid of Khafre, and Pyramid of Khufu. The pyramids are the sole remainders of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and, along with the ancient city of Memphis and the pyramids of Dahshur, are listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Portal:Archaeology/Selected picture/7

Credit: Diliff

The Colosseum in Rome, Italy, at dusk. Although it is now in a severely ruined condition, the Colosseum has long been seen as an iconic symbol of Imperial Rome and is one of the finest surviving examples of Roman architecture.

Portal:Archaeology/Selected picture/8

Credit: Thermos

Built on the Acropolis of Athens in the 5th century BCE as a temple to Athena, the Parthenon today stands in ruins. Much of the original marble that formed the roof now lies in a pile of rubble at its base, and half of the frieze is now displayed in the British Museum. Even so, it remains one of the most important surviving buildings of Classical Greece and a symbol of Athenian democracy

Portal:Archaeology/Selected picture/9

El Castillo, Chichen Itza
Credit: Fcb981

El Castillo is the nickname of a spectacular Mesoamerican step-pyramid that dominates the center of the Chichen Itza archaeological site in the Mexican state of Yucatán. Built by the Maya civilization sometime between the 11th and 13th centuries AD, "El Castillo" served as a temple to the god Kukulcan (the Maya name for Quetzalcoatl).

Portal:Archaeology/Selected picture/10

El Caracol
Credit: Fcb981

El Caracol or "the snail" is an observatory in Chichen Itza its doors are aligned to view the vernal equinox, the Moon's greatest northern and southern declinations, and other astronomical events sacred to Kukulcan, the feathered-serpent god of the wind and learning. The Maya used the shadows inside the room cast from the angle of the sun hitting the doorway to tell when the solstices would occur.


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