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Arkansas (/ˈɑːrknˌsɑː/ are-can-saw) is a state located in the southern region of the United States of America. Arkansas was admitted to the Union on 15 June 1836 becoming the 25th US state. On 6 May 1861, the state seceded and was the tenth state to join the Confederate States of America. Arkansas shares a border with six states, with its eastern border largely defined by the Mississippi River. Its diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozarks and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the eastern Arkansas Delta lowlands along the Mississippi River. The capital and most populous city is Little Rock, located in the central portion of the state.

With the exception of Hawaii, Arkansas is the smallest state entirely west of the Mississippi River. The Mississippi River forms most of Arkansas's eastern border, except in Clay and Greene counties where the St. Francis River forms the western boundary of the Missouri Bootheel, and in dozens of places where the current channel of the Mississippi has meandered from where it had last been legally specified. Arkansas shares its southern border with Louisiana, its northern border with Missouri, its eastern border with Tennessee and Mississippi, and its western border with Texas and Oklahoma.

Arkansas is a land of mountains and valleys, thick forests and fertile plains. Northwest Arkansas is part of the Ozark Plateau including the Boston Mountains, to the south are the Ouachita Mountains and these regions are divided by the Arkansas River and the Arkansas River Valley. All of these mountains ranges are part of the U.S. Interior Highlands region, the only major mountainous region between the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachian Mountains. The forests of southern Arkansas are known as the Arkansas Timberlands and eastern parts of Arkansas are called the Arkansas Delta, with Crowley's Ridge, a small line of hills crossing the flat Delta terrain. All of these diverse regions combine near the center of the state, commonly referred to as Central Arkansas. The highest point in the state is Mount Magazine in the Ouachita Mountains; it rises to 2,753 feet above sea level.

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The Brooks–Baxter War was an armed conflict in Little Rock, Arkansas, in the United States, in 1874 between factions of the Republican Party over the disputed 1872 election for governor. It came at the end of a long and often violent struggle between natives, known as scalawags, and nonnatives, called carpetbaggers, over power in the state government following the Civil War.

The struggle began with the ratification of the 1868 Arkansas constitution, which had been rewritten to accommodate the Radical Republicans in the United States Congress who had dissolved southern governments and turned them into military districts. The new constitution gave suffrage to freedmen while disenfranchising former Confederates. Democrats refused to participate in the writing of a constitution that disenfranchised ex-Confederates (who were mostly Democrats) from participating in state government. With no opposition, native scalawag and newly arrived carpetbagger Republicans managed to form a thin coalition and take control of the Arkansas State government. Eventually, extravagant government spending and widespread corruption caused the Republicans to split into two factions: the Minstrels, who were mostly non-natives, and the Brindle Tails, who were mostly native. This led to a failed impeachment trial of the carpetbagger Republican Governor, Powell Clayton, after which he was elected a US Senator by the General Assembly to sequester him from state affairs.

The 1872 gubernatorial election resulted in a narrow victory for Minstrel Elisha Baxter over Brindle Tail Joseph Brooks in an election marked by fraud and intimidation. Brooks challenged the result through legal means, initially without success, but Baxter alienated much of his base by re-enfranchising former Confederates and in 1874, Brooks was declared governor by a judge who declared the results of the election to have been fraudulent. Brooks took control of the government by force, but Baxter refused to resign. Each side was supported by its own militia of several hundred men and several bloody battles ensued between the two factions. Finally, President Ulysses S. Grant reluctantly intervened and supported Governor Baxter, bringing the affair to an end.

The incident, followed by the new Arkansas Constitution of 1874, marked an early end to Reconstruction in Arkansas, two years before it ended in the rest of the country. It was also followed by Democratic dominance of the Governorship for 90 years. (more...)

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The Battle of Pea Ridge (also known as Elkhorn Tavern) was a land battle of the American Civil War, fought on March 7 and March 8, 1862, at Pea Ridge in northwest Arkansas, near Bentonville.

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Michael Dale "Mike" Huckabee (born August 24, 1955) is an American politician and a member of the Republican Party. He was the governor of the U.S. state of Arkansas from 1996 to 2007 and was a candidate in the 2008 United States presidential election; he announced his candidacy on January 28, 2007. Following losses to John McCain in the Texas, Ohio, Vermont, and Rhode Island primaries, he ended his presidential campaign the evening of March 4, 2008.

Huckabee is the author of several books, an ordained Southern Baptist minister, a public speaker, and a musician; he plays bass guitar in his rock band, Capitol Offense. He is well known for having lost 110 pounds (50 kg) in a very short time and for advocating a healthy lifestyle. He and his wife, Janet, have been married 33 years and have three grown children: John Mark, David, and Sarah. (more...)

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Little Rock is the capital and the most populous city of the State of Arkansas. It is also the county seat of Pulaski County and had a city population of 184,422 in the 2006 census estimates. It and North Little Rock, Arkansas are co-principal cities of the six-county Little Rock-North Little Rock Metropolitan Statistical Area, an area with a population of 652,834 people, according to 2006 census estimates. The MSA is in turn included in the Little Rock-North Little Rock-Pine Bluff Combined Statistical Area, which had a population of 829,032 in the 2006 census estimates.

Located near the geographic center of Arkansas, Little Rock derives its name from a small rock formation on the south bank of the Arkansas River called La Petite Roche (the "little rock"). The "little rock" was used by early river traffic as a landmark and became a well-known river crossing. (more...)

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