Portal:Assam

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Assam ([æˈsæm], About this sound pronunciation ; Assamese: অসম Ôxôm, /ɔxɔm/) is a northeastern state of India. Its capital is Dispur, located within the municipal area of Guwahati city. Located south of the eastern Himalayas, Assam comprises the Brahmaputra and the Barak river valleys along with the Karbi Anglong and the North Cachar Hills with an area of 30,285 square miles (78,438 km²). Assam is surrounded by six of the other Seven Sister States: Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura and Meghalaya. Geographically Assam and these states are connected to the rest of India via a narrow strip of land in West Bengal called the Siliguri Corridor or "Chicken's Neck". Assam shares international borders with Bhutan and Bangladesh; and cultures, peoples and climate with South-East Asia – important elements in India’s Look East policy. Assam became a part of the British India after the British occupied the region following the First Anglo-Burmese War of 1824–1826. (more)

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Chaolung Sukaphaa (reign 1228–1268), the first Ahom king in medieval Assam, was the founder of the Ahom kingdom.

The Ahom Kingdom (1228–1826) was a kingdom in the Brahmaputra valley in Assam, India that maintained its sovereignty for nearly 600 years and successfully resisted Mughal expansion in North-East India. Established by Sukaphaa, a Tai prince from Mong Mao, it began as a Mong in the upper reaches of the Brahmaputra river based on wet rice cultivation. It expanded suddenly under Suhungmung in the 16th century and became multi-ethnic in character, casting a profound affect on the political and social life in the entire Brahmaputra valley. The kingdom became weaker with the rise of the Moamoria rebellion, and subsequently fell to a succession of Burmese invasions. With the defeat of the Burmese after the First Anglo-Burmese War and the Treaty of Yandabo in 1826, control of the kingdom passed into British (East India Company) hands. (more...)

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Xutuli( Assamese সুতুলি).JPG

Xutuli (Assamese: সুতুলী) is a musical instrument used during the Rongali Bihu festival in Assam, India. It is made with clay or the lower end of a Bamboo tree which is left after the main part falls or is cut off

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Did you know?

8.... that there are 23 notified Scheduled Tribes (ST) in Assam?
9.... that the state song O Mur Apunar Dex was written by Lakshminath Bezbaruah and attuned by Kamala Prasad Agarwala. It was first published in 1909 in an Assamese magazine named Bahi ("flute")?
10.. that the Ledo Road or Stilwell Road was built during World War II so that the Western Allies could supply the Chinese as an alternative to the Burma Road which had been cut by the Japanese in 1942?
11.. that the Kaziranga Proposed Reserve Forest was created in 1905 to save the rhinoceros after visited the Kaziranga area Baroness Mary Victoria Leiter Curzon, wife of Lord Curzon, the Viceroy of India in 1904?
12.. that the Paik system was a type of corvee labour system on which the Ahom kingdom of medieval Assam was based?
13.. that Ajan Fakir was a Sufi Syed, poet, Muslim preacher and saint who came from Baghdad to settle in the Sibsagar area of Assam in the north-eastern part of India. His actual name was Hazarat Shah Syed Mainuddin?
14.. that Buranji (history of Assam) means "a store that teaches the ignorant" (in the Ahom language: bu ignorant person; ran teach; ji store)?
15.. that during Saraighat war Assamese general Lachit Borphukan beheaded his own uncle, when he neglected in his work?


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GS Road, the main commercial hub of Guwahati at night

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Topics

Geography: BrahmaputraMore

History: History of AssamBritish RajIndian independence movement1950 Assam earthquakeMore

Districts and cities: Districts of AssamKamrup (Metro)JorhatDibrugarhSonitpurBongaigaonMore

Tourism: • Kaziranga National ParkKamakhya TempleMajuliSivasagarBhalukpongPobitora Wildlife SanctuaryMore

Culture: AssameseLiteratureCinemaPeopleBihuHoliDurgapujaAli Ai LigangMore

People: Srimanta SankardevGopinath BordoloiBhupen HazarikaAnandaram BaruahBishnu RabhaMore

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