Jump to content

Portal:Sport of athletics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Portal:Athletics)


A copy of the Ancient Greek statue Discobolus, portraying a discus thrower

Athletics is a group of sporting events that involves competitive running, jumping, throwing, and walking. The most common types of athletics competitions are track and field, road running, cross-country running, and racewalking.

The results of racing events are decided by finishing position (or time, where measured), while the jumps and throws are won by the athlete that achieves the highest or furthest measurement from a series of attempts. The simplicity of the competitions, and the lack of a need for expensive equipment, makes athletics one of the most common types of sports in the world. Athletics is mostly an individual sport, with the exception of relay races and competitions which combine athletes' performances for a team score, such as cross country.

Organized athletics are traced back to the Ancient Olympic Games from 776 BC. The rules and format of the modern events in athletics were defined in Western Europe and North America in the 19th and early 20th century, and were then spread to other parts of the world. Most modern top level meetings are held under the auspices of World Athletics, the global governing body for the sport of athletics, or its member continental and national federations. (Full article...)

The following are images from various sport of athletics-related articles on Wikipedia.

Selected article

First Chicago Marathon, in 1905

The Chicago Marathon is a marathon race held every October in Chicago, Illinois. It is one of the six World Marathon Majors. Thus, it is also a World Athletics Label Road Race. The Chicago Marathon is the fourth-largest race by number of finishers worldwide.

Annual Chicago marathons were held from 1905 to the 1920s, but the first race in the present series occurred on September 25, 1977, under the original name the Mayor Daley Marathon, which drew a field of 4,200 runners. The race has been held every year since, except in 1987 when only a half-marathon was run, and in 2020 as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. It became among the fastest-growing modern-marathon road races in the world, due in part to its largely fast and flat course which facilitates the pursuit of personal records and world record performances. The race has achieved its elite status among marathons by developing relationships with sponsors who provide prize money to lure elite runners who have produced American and world record performances. Since 2008, the race has been sponsored and organized by Bank of America, and is officially known as the Bank of America Chicago Marathon. (Full article...)

More selected articles

Selected picture

Athlete birthdays


12 July:

13 July:

14 July:

15 July:


16 July:

17 July:

18 July:

Related portals

More did you know


Selected biography

Usain St. Leo Bolt OJ CD OLY (/ˈjuːsn/; born 21 August 1986) is a retired Jamaican sprinter, widely considered to be the greatest sprinter of all time. He is an eight-time Olympic gold medallist and the world record holder in the 100 metres, 200 metres, and 4 × 100 metres relay.

Bolt is the only sprinter to win Olympic 100 m and 200 m titles at three consecutive Olympics (2008, 2012, and 2016). He also won two 4 × 100 relay gold medals. He gained worldwide fame for his double sprint victory in world record times at the 2008 Beijing Olympics, which made him the first person to hold both records since fully automatic time became mandatory.

An eleven-time World Champion, he won consecutive World Championship 100 m, 200 m and 4 × 100 metres relay gold medals from 2009 to 2015, with the exception of a 100 m false start in 2011. He is the most successful male athlete of the World Championships. Bolt is the first athlete to win four World Championship titles in the 200 m and is one of the most successful in the 100 m with three titles, being the first person to run sub-9.7s and sub-9.6s.

Bolt improved upon his second 100 m world record of 9.69 with 9.58 seconds in 2009 – the biggest improvement since the start of electronic timing. He has twice broken the 200 metres world record, setting 19.30 in 2008 and 19.19 in 2009. He has helped Jamaica to three 4 × 100 metres relay world records, with the current record being 36.84 seconds set in 2012. Bolt's most successful event is the 200 m, with three Olympic and four World titles. The 2008 Olympics was his international debut over 100 m; he had earlier won numerous 200 m medals (including 2007 World Championship silver) and held the world under-20 and world under-18 records for the event until being surpassed by Erriyon Knighton in 2021. (Full article...)-

More selected biographies

Did you know (auto-generated) - load new batch

World records

World records (olympic events only) as of 7 July 2024
Bolded, italicized records with two asterisks (**) are pending ratification by World Athletics.
Event Men Record (Year) Women Record (Year)
100 metres Jamaica Usain Bolt 9.58 (2009) United States Florence Griffith Joyner 10.49 (1988)
200 metres Jamaica Usain Bolt 19.19 (2009) United States Florence Griffith Joyner 21.34 (1988)
400 metres South Africa Wayde van Niekerk 43.03 (2016) East Germany Marita Koch 47.60 (1985)
800 metres Kenya David Rudisha 1:40.91 (2012) Czechoslovakia Jarmila Kratochvílová 1:53.28 (1983)
1500 metres Morocco Hicham El Guerrouj 3:26.00 (1998) Kenya Faith Kipyegon 3:49.04 (2024)**
5000 metres Uganda Joshua Cheptegei 12:35.36 (2020) Ethiopia Gudaf Tsegay 14:00.21 (2023)
10000 metres Uganda Joshua Cheptegei 26:11.00 (2020) Kenya Beatrice Chebet 28:54.14 (2024)**
Marathon Kenya Kelvin Kiptum 2:00:35 (2023) Ethiopia Tigst Assefa 2:11:53 Mx (2023)
3000 metres steeplechase Ethiopia Lamecha Girma 7:52.11 (2023) Kenya Beatrice Chepkoech 8:44.32 (2018)
110 metres hurdles (men)

100 metres hurdles (women)

United States Aries Merritt 12.80 (2012) Nigeria Tobi Amusan 12.12 (2022)
400 metres hurdles Norway Karsten Warholm 45.94 (2021) United States Sydney McLaughlin 50.65 (2024)**
High jump Cuba Javier Sotomayor 2.45 m (1993) Ukraine Yaroslava Mahuchikh 2.10 m (2024)**
Pole vault Sweden Armand Duplantis 6.24 m (2024)** Russia Yelena Isinbayeva 5.06 m (2009)
Long jump United States Mike Powell 8.95 m (1991) Soviet Union Galina Chistyakova 7.52 m (1988)
Triple jump United Kingdom Jonathan Edwards 18.29 m (1995) Venezuela Yulimar Rojas 15.74 m (2022)
Shot put United States Ryan Crouser 23.56 m (2023) Soviet Union Natalya Lisovskaya 22.63 m (1987)
Discus throw Lithuania Mykolas Alekna 74.35 m (2024)** East Germany Gabriele Reinsch 76.80 m (1988)
Hammer throw Soviet Union Yuriy Sedykh 86.74 m (1986) Poland Anita Włodarczyk 82.98 m (2016)
Javelin throw Czech Republic Jan Železný 98.48 m (1996) Czech Republic Barbora Špotáková 72.28 m (2008)
Decathlon (men)

Heptathlon (women)

France Kevin Mayer 9126 pts (2018) United States Jackie Joyner-Kersee 7291 pts (1988)
20 kilometres racewalk Japan Yusuke Suzuki 1:16:36 (2015) China Yang Jiayu 1:23:49 (2021)
4×100 metres relay  Jamaica 36.84 (2012)  United States 40.82 (2012)
4×400 metres relay  United States 2:54.29 (1993)  Soviet Union 3:15.17 (1988)


Athletics events

Events in the sport of athletics

Athletics competitions

It's from the first edition (1896 Summer Olympics), that Athletics has been considered the "Queen" of the Olympics. Since then there have been a series of competitions organized at world level, than at the continental level. Furthermore, the Athletics is the main sport of nearly all multi-sport events such as Universiade, Mediterranean Games or Pan American Games. The following list refers to the main Athletics competitions that take place in the world.

Event 1st edition Kind of competition Can participate
Olympic Games 1896 World games Worldwide
World Championships 1983 World championships
World Indoor Championships 1985
European Championships 1934 Continental championships Europe
European Indoor Championships 1966
South American Championships 1919 South America
Asian Championships 1973 Asia
African Championships 1979 Africa
Ocenian Championships 1990 Oceania




Category puzzle
Category puzzle
Select [►] to view subcategories


Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:


More portals