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Eastern Grey Kangaroos - show another panorama

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country by area in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country. Australia's population of nearly 26 million, in an area of 7,617,930 square kilometres (2,941,300 sq mi), is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Canberra is the nation's capital, while the largest city is Sydney, and other major metropolitan areas include Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.

Indigenous Australians inhabited the continent beginning about 65,000 years ago, prior to the first arrival of Dutch explorers in the early 17th century, who named it New Holland. In 1770, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades, and by the time of an 1850s gold rush, most of the continent had been explored by European settlers and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established. On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories.

Australia is the oldest, flattest, and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils. It is a megadiverse country, and its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes and climates, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east, and mountain ranges in the south-east. Australia generates its income from various sources, including mining-related exports, telecommunications, banking, manufacturing, and international education.

More about Australia, its history and culture

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Panorama of Lake Burley Griffin from high elevation
Lake Burley Griffin
viewed from Black Mountain Tower
Lake Burley Griffin is an artificial lake in the centre of Canberra, the capital of Australia. It was completed in 1963 after the Molonglo River, which ran between the city centre and Parliamentary Triangle, was dammed. It is named after Walter Burley Griffin, the American architect who won the competition to design the city of Canberra. (Full article...)
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Morgan in 1958
Sandra Anne Morgan (born 6 June 1942), also known by her married name Sandra Beavis, or as Sandra Morgan-Beavis, is an Australian former freestyle swimmer who was part of the gold medal-winning team in the 4×100-metre freestyle relay at the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne. At the age of 14 years and 6 months, she became the youngest Australian to win an Olympic gold medal, a record that still stands. (Full article...)

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In the news  

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28 November 2021 – COVID-19 pandemic
COVID-19 pandemic in Australia
Australia reports its first cases of the Omicron variant in two people who travelled from Southern Africa and are currently in quarantine in a hotel in New South Wales. (ABC News Australia)
26 November 2021 – 2021 Solomon Islands unrest
Australian Federal Police take control of the Solomon Islands capital of Honiara following three days of civil unrest. A night time curfew begins at 7:00 p.m. local time while rioting and looting continues in the Chinatown suburb of the city. (Reuters)
25 November 2021 – COVID-19 pandemic
COVID-19 pandemic in Australia, COVID-19 vaccination in Australia
The number of people who have received a second dose of the COVID-19 vaccine in Victoria surpasses 90%. (7 News)
25 November 2021 – 2021 Solomon Islands unrest
Australia announces that it will deploy federal police and Australian Defence Force personnel to Honiara to aid with riot control and to secure infrastructure sites following a formal request for help from Prime Minister Sogavare. (SBS News) (Solomon Times)

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On this day  

29 November:

Launch of the first Holden

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The following are images from various Australia-related articles on Wikipedia.



Flag of the Commonwealth of Australia
Coat of Arms of the Commonwealth of Australia
Location on the world map

Consider joining WikiProject Australia, a WikiProject dedicated to improving Wikipedia's coverage of topics related to Australia. The project page and its subpages contain suggestions on formatting and style of articles, which can be discussed at the project's notice board. To participate, simply add your name to the project members page.

As of 29 November 2021, there are 188,840 articles within the scope of WikiProject Australia. Including non-article pages, such as talk pages, redirects, categories, etcetera, there are 468,472 pages in the project.

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