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Summer in the Mount Hotham area - show another panorama
Summer in the Mount Hotham area - show another panorama

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. With an area of 7,617,930 square kilometres (2,941,300 sq mi), Australia is the largest country by area in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country. Australia is the oldest, flattest, and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils. It is a megadiverse country, and its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes and climates, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east, and mountain ranges in the south-east.

The ancestors of Aboriginal Australians began arriving from south east Asia approximately 65,000 years ago, during the last ice age. Arriving by sea, they settled the continent and had formed approximately 250 distinct language groups by the time of European settlement, maintaining some of the longest known continuing artistic and religious traditions in the world. Australia's written history commenced with the European maritime exploration of Australia. The Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon was the first known European to reach Australia, in 1606. In 1770, the British explorer James Cook mapped and claimed the east coast of Australia for Great Britain, and the First Fleet of British ships arrived at Sydney in 1788 to establish the penal colony of New South Wales. The European population grew in subsequent decades, and by the end of the 1850s gold rush, most of the continent had been explored by European settlers and an additional five self-governing British colonies established. Democratic parliaments were gradually established through the 19th century, culminating with a vote for the federation of the six colonies and foundation of the Commonwealth of Australia on 1 January 1901. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system and wealthy market economy.

Politically, Australia is a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories. Australia's population of nearly 26 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Canberra is the nation's capital, while its most populous city and financial centre is Sydney. The next four largest cities are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide. Australia's demography has been shaped by centuries of immigration: immigrants account for 30% of the country's population, and almost half of Australians have at least one parent born overseas. Australia's abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade relations are crucial to the country's economy, which generates its income from various sources including services, mining exports, banking, manufacturing, agriculture and international education.

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Litoria caerulea - Darwin NT.jpg
The Australian green tree frog (Ranoidea caerulea), also known as simply green tree frog in Australia, White's tree frog, or dumpy tree frog, is a species of tree frog native to Australia and New Guinea, with introduced populations in the United States and New Zealand, though the latter is believed to have died out. It is morphologically similar to some other members of its genus, particularly the magnificent tree frog (R. splendida) and the white-lipped tree frog (R. infrafrenata). (Full article...)
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Karmichael Hunt Brisbane.jpg
Karmichael Neil Matthew Hunt (born 17 November 1986) is a former multi-code international rugby league footballer who last played for the Brisbane Broncos in the NRL. (Full article...)

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In the news  

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25 November 2022 – Mount Isa Murders
An Indian Australian citizen, Rajwinder Singh, is arrested in New Delhi as the prime suspect in the murder of Australian woman Toyah Cordingley on a beach in Far North Queensland in October 2018. (AP)
22 November 2022 – Australia–India relations
Australia–India Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement
The Australian parliament ratifies a free trade agreement with India. (Times Now News)
21 November 2022 –
Twelve people are injured in an explosion at a school in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. (OneNews)
17 November 2022 – 2021–2022 Myanmar civil war
The State Administration Council of Myanmar grants an amnesty to 5,774 prisoners, including former British ambassador Vicky Bowman and Australian economist Sean Turnell, a former economic policy advisor to jailed state counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi. (AFP via France 24)
15 November 2022 – 2022 south eastern Australia floods
Flooding continues in Australia, with over 220 people being rescued from floodwaters in New South Wales in the past 24 hours. (ABC News Australia)

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On this day  

29 November:

Launch of the first Holden

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Coat of Arms of the Commonwealth of Australia
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Consider joining WikiProject Australia, a WikiProject dedicated to improving Wikipedia's coverage of topics related to Australia. The project page and its subpages contain suggestions on formatting and style of articles, which can be discussed at the project's notice board. To participate, simply add your name to the project members page.

As of 29 November 2022, there are 194,854 articles within the scope of WikiProject Australia. Including non-article pages, such as talk pages, redirects, categories, etcetera, there are 484,166 pages in the project.

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