is a 72-kilometre (45 mi) freeway
in and beyond the southern suburbs of Perth
, Western Australia
, linking central Perth
to the south. It interchanges with several major roads, including Roe Highway
and Mandjoogoordap Drive
, and is the central section of State Route 2
, which continues north as Mitchell Freeway
, and south as Forrest Highway
. A 4-kilometre (2.5 mi) section between Canning
highways is also part of National Route 1
. The northern terminus of the Kwinana Freeway is at the Narrows Bridge
, which crosses the Swan River
, and the southern terminus is at Pinjarra Road
, east of Mandurah. Planning began in the 1950s, and the first segment in South Perth
was constructed between 1956 and 1959. The route has been progressively widened and extended south since then. The last extension was completed in 2009, with the section north of Pinjarra Road named as part of the Kwinana Freeway, and the remainder named Forrest Highway. The freeway has been adapted to cater for public transport: bus priority measures were introduced in 1987, and in 2007, the Mandurah railway line (pictured)
opened, constructed in the freeway median strip.
Mitchell Freeway is a 30-kilometre-long (19 mi) freeway in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia, linking central Perth with the satellite city of Joondalup. Along its length are interchanges with several major roads, including Graham Farmer Freeway and Reid Highway. The southern terminus of the Mitchell Freeway is at the Narrows Bridge, which crosses the Swan River, and the northern terminus is at Burns Beach Road, Joondalup.
Planning for the route began in the 1950s, and the first segment in central Perth was constructed between 1967 and 1973. The Mitchell Freeway has been progressively extended north since then. By the end of the 1980s, the freeway had reached Ocean Reef Road
. The Joondalup railway line
was constructed in the freeway median in the early 1990s. Since then, extensions to the Mitchell Freeway have taken it to Burns Beach Road
at the northern edge of Joondalup
. The State Government have announced that the next extension will be to Hester Avenue, to be constructed between 2014–15 and 2016–17. Further works are planned, which will take the freeway past Yanchep
and Two Rocks
to the boundary of the Perth Metropolitan Region
Tonkin Highway is a 44-kilometre long (27 mi) north-south highway in Perth, Western Australia, linking Perth Airport and Kewdale with the city's north-eastern and south-eastern suburbs. The northern terminus is at Reid Highway in Malaga, and the southern terminus is at Thomas Road in Oakford. It forms the entire length of State Route 4, and connects to several major roads, including Great Eastern Highway, Leach Highway, Roe Highway, and Albany Highway. Planning for the route began in the 1950s, but the first segment between Wattle Grove and Cloverdale wasn't opened until 1980. Over the next five years, the highway was extended north to Great Eastern Highway and south to Albany Highway, and a discontinuous section was constructed north of the Swan River. In 1988 the Redcliffe Bridge linked these sections, and three years later, Reid Highway became the northern terminus. The next major works on the highway, between 2003 and 2005, extended the highway south to Thomas Road.
The Gateway WA project, which began in 2013, will see the central section of the highway upgraded to a six-lane freeway-standard road by 2017. Further extensions to both the northern and southern extents of the highway are planned, which would connect the highway to the proposed Perth Darwin National Highway near Ballajura
, and to South Western Highway
south of Byford
Abbotsford Bridge is a steel Allan truss-type bridge spanning the Murray River between Curlwaa, New South Wales, and Yelta, Victoria. It is the only remaining steel truss bridge with a lift span that crosses the Murray. It was also the last lift span bridge to be built along the river. It was built in 1928 by the New South Wales (NSW) Department of Public Works and was designed by Percy Allan. The bridge was originally planned to carry the Mildura railway line over the Murray River and into New South Wales, though the line was never extended to the bridge. The bridge currently carries a single lane of road controlled by traffic lights. Abbotsford bridge was built largely to service significant cross-border traffic relating to the fruit production industry. It was constructed over a three year period from 1925 onwards; but was not originally planned to take so long to build, as there were delays due to problems with a contractor and industrial action.
In 1931, there was a major accident at the bridge when a paddle steamer
clipped the lift span, tearing apart the upper deck of the boat.
The Majura Parkway is an 11.5-kilometre-long (7.1 mi) north–south parkway, currently under construction in the Majura district of the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). It links at its northern end to the Federal Highway and Horse Park Drive at the edge of the Gungahlin district, and at its southern end to the Monaro Highway in Pialligo.
The parkway has been in planning since the 1970s and is considered as being an important access road to and from the Gungahlin district. It largely replaces Majura Road
, which lacks the capacity to cope with future increases in traffic. Majura Road will be largely retained to provide access to various facilities in the area. The parkway will provide a more efficient transport link in the area and convey large numbers of freight vehicles. The project has been jointly funded by both the ACT and Australian Governments, at a total cost of A$288 million. Major construction works commenced in early 2013 and are expected to be completed by approximately mid-2016.
The Causeway is an arterial traffic crossing in Perth, Western Australia, linking the inner-city suburbs of East Perth and Victoria Park. It is composed of two bridges either side of Heirisson Island that cross the Swan River at the eastern end of Perth Water. The current Causeway is the third structure to have been crossed the river at this point.
Originally the site of mudflats
which restricted river navigation, the Colony Government constructed a causeway and bridge across the site, which opened in 1843. When floods in 1862 almost destroyed it, the structure was rebuilt using convict labour
, and raised to better withstand future floods. Governor John Hampton officially opened the new Causeway on 12 November 1867. The current Causeway bridges, designed by E W C Godfrey and built between 1947 and 1952, were the first in Western Australia to use steel composite construction. By the early 2000s, the concrete structures had suffered significant damage. Cracks were repaired using Carbon fibre reinforcement and localised patching, extending the bridge's life by decades. The Causeway bridges have been recognised for their heritage value by their entry on the Western Australian Register of Heritage Places
The Canning Stock Route is a track that runs from Halls Creek in the Kimberley region of Western Australia to Wiluna in the mid-west region. With a total distance of around 1,850 km (1,150 mi) it is the longest historic stock route in the world, and is now a popular but challenging four-wheel drive adventure. The stock route was proposed as a way of breaking a monopoly that west Kimberley cattlemen had on the beef trade at the beginning of the 20th century. In 1906, the Government of Western Australia appointed Alfred Canning to survey the route. Canning later lead the construction party, and between March 1908 and April 1910, 48 wells were completed along the route. Commercial droving began in 1910, but the stock route did not prove popular and was rarely used for the next twenty years. A 1928 Royal Commission into the price of beef in Western Australia led to the repair of the wells and the re-opening of the stock route. Around 20 droves took place between 1931 and 1959, when the final droving run was completed.
The building of the stock route impacted on the cultural and social life of the more than 15 Aboriginal language groups and today the Aboriginal history of the track, recorded through oral and artistic traditions, is increasingly being recognised.
The Houghton Highway is a 2.74 km (1.70 mi) reinforced concrete viaduct, shortening the road distance between the cities of Redcliffe and Brisbane in Queensland, Australia. The bridge, along with its duplicate, the Ted Smout Memorial Bridge, are the longest bridges in the country. With rising traffic levels on the two-lane Hornibrook Bridge in the 1970s, the Department of Main Roads investigated the construction of another structure to increase capacity and cope with future demand. Authorisation by the department was given to construct a new bridge in 1977, and the new Houghton Highway opened on 20 December 1979. Almost immediately after opening it faced a greater capacity task than originally intended, and in later years became a contentious issue politically with concerns about its ability to meet growing traffic demands, refusal to build another bridge, and the lowering of its speed limit. The duplication of the Houghton Highway, a new bridge named the Ted Smout Memorial Bridge, was completed in July 2010 and opened to southbound traffic on 15 July 2010.
After the opening of the Ted Smout Memorial bridge, the Houghton Highway was upgraded with a bitumen
overlay and new variable speed limit
Jeffrey Street or Jeffreys Street, Kirribilli, New South Wales is a street famous for being one of the most popular vantage points for views of the city of Sydney, the Sydney Harbour Bridge and the Sydney Opera House. The street is located on the Lower North Shore of Sydney Harbour, directly across the harbour from Circular Quay and is a popular destination for tourists, particularly on Australia Day and New Year's Eve. The street leads uphill from the harbour in a northerly direction to the small shopping village of Kirribilli. The vicinity of Jeffrey Street is reported to be the site of the first European settlement on the lower North Shore of Sydney Harbour, about 10 years after the colonisation of Australia at Sydney Cove in 1788. North Sydney Council favours the spelling of the street as "Jeffreys" as this correctly renders the surname of a 19th-century local landowner, Arthur Jeffreys. However, a Thomas Jeffrey was also a prominent early Kirribilli resident and the Wharf bears his name. Furthermore, some records report that a John Jeffreys was an early resident. Almost all historical references refer to Jeffrey Street so the provenance or derivation of the street name is uncertain.
In December 2011 a heritage conservation area called the Jeffreys Street Conservation Area was established. With 19 listed heritage properties, the street has one of the highest concentrations of listed heritage properties in Australia.
The Monaro Highway is a highway that is located in Victoria, New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory, in Australia. The 285-kilometre-long (177 mi) roadway links Cann River in Victoria to Canberra in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) via the Monaro region. From its southern terminus, it follows the nearby Cann River upstream towards the New South Wales border through heavily forested terrain. Within New South Wales (NSW), it makes its way through further forest before reaching the pastures typical of the Monaro. There are multiple towns and villages along the highway, including Bombala, Nimmitabel, and Cooma. The terrain within the Monaro is largely hilly, and there are numerous crossings. The road also parallels the former Bombala railway line in several locations. Within the ACT, the road becomes a high volume roadway and serves the southern suburbs of Canberra.
Originally known as Cann Valley Road, the Victorian section was designated as a highway in 1960, and received the name Cann Valley Highway. The Monaro Highway name was applied to the road within Victoria in 1996. Within NSW, the highway was created in 1938 and designated as State Highway 19 within the Department of Main Roads
. In 1958, It was named the Monaro Highway in both NSW and the ACT, though the same name had been in use by the Snowy Mountains Highway
up until 1955. The Monaro Highway has more recently had a grade-separated dual carriageway extension constructed within Canberra, as part of the Eastern Parkway construction project.
The Snowy Mountains Highway is a highway in New South Wales, Australia. Its two sections connect the New South Wales South Coast to the Monaro region, and the Monaro to the South West Slopes via the Snowy Mountains. The higher altitude regions of this road are subject to snow over the winter months, and the road also provides access to many parts of the Snowy Mountains Scheme. The highway bears the B72 shield along its entire length.
The highway originally bore then name Monaro Highway until 1958, when it received its current name. It originally ran from Tathra
to Wagga Wagga
but has been shortened to run from the Princes Highway
to the Hume Highway
instead. Part of the roadway was reallocated to what is now known as the Monaro Highway
in 1955. Reservoirs created as a result of dams built in the 1950s and 1960s as part of the Snowy Mountains Scheme
required the creation of major realignments to avoid submerged areas. The highway is currently signed as B72 along its entire length. Previous to New South Wales' conversion to alphanumeric route markers, it was signed as National Route 18.
Great Eastern Highway is a 590-kilometre-long (370 mi) road linking the Western Australian capital of Perth with the city of Kalgoorlie. A key route for vehicles accessing the eastern Wheatbelt and the Goldfields, it is the western portion of the main road transportation link between Perth and the eastern states of Australia. The highway forms the majority of National Highway 94, with various segments are included in other road routes.
The highway was created in the 1930s from an existing system of roads linking Perth with the Goldfields, though the name was coined to describe a different route from Perth to Guildford (modern-day Guildford Road
). The Belmont
section was constructed in 1867 using convict labour
, with the road base made from sections of tree trunks. Over the years the road has been upgraded, with the whole highway sealed
by 1953, segments reconstructed and widened, dual carriageways
created in Perth and Kalgoorlie, and grade separated interchanges
built at major intersections. A number of bypasses have been constructed, and a future route to replace Great Eastern Highway's current ascent of the Darling Scarp
has been identified.
Forrest Highway is a 37-kilometre-long (23 mi) highway in Western Australia's Peel region, that bypasses the original Perth–Bunbury route through the coastal city of Mandurah. It is the southern section of State Route 2, continuing south from the Kwinana Freeway's terminus in Ravenswood to Old Coast Road's dual carriageway in Lake Clifton. There are a number of at-grade intersections with minor roads in the shires of Murray and Waroona, including Greenlands Road and Old Bunbury Road, both of which connect to South Western Highway near Pinjarra.
Since the 1980s, the state government has been upgrading the main Perth to Bunbury route, by extending the Kwinana Freeway south from Perth, and constructing a dual carriageway on Old Coast Road north of Bunbury. The existing alignment through Mandurah would form a bottleneck, so the Main Roads Department
began planning a bypass. The proposed road underwent detailed environmental reviews and assessments in the 1990s and 2000s. Construction of the New Perth Bunbury Highway project, which included the final Kwinana Freeway extension, began in December 2006, and the new highway was opened on 20 September 2009. Within one year of opening, the number of road accidents in the area had decreased by 60%; however, as Forrest Highway drew a significant amount of traffic away from the inland route, South Western Highway, tourism and businesses in the towns on that highway were affected.
Great Northern Highway links Western Australia's capital city Perth with its northernmost port, Wyndham. With a length of almost 3,200 kilometres (2,000 mi), it is the longest highway in Australia, with the majority included as part of the Perth–Darwin National Highway. The highway travels through remote areas of the state, and is the only sealed road link between the Northern Territory and northern Western Australia. Economically, it is a vital link to the resource rich regions of the Pilbara and Kimberley, supporting the key industries of mining, pastoral stations, and tourism. Road routes allocated to sections of Great Northern Highway include National Highway 95, as well as the Highway 1 routes National Highway 1 and National Route 1. Brand Highway and North West Coastal Highway provide an alternative coastal route between Muchea and Port Hedland, and further north the National Highway route continues along Victoria Highway into the Northern Territory.
The highway was created in 1944 from existing roads in the Wheatbelt
, and a series of tracks through remote pastoral areas. Economic growth and development in northern Western Australia prompted initial improvement efforts, and the federal government's Beef Roads Scheme in the 1960s resulted in a noticeably higher quality road in the Kimberley. Construction of a sealed road from Perth to Wyndham, including numerous bridges to reduce the impact of seasonal flooding, took many years to complete. The last section opened on 16 December 1989. However, by then many older sections were either worn out or not up to modern standards. Various upgrades have been carried out in small sections, across the length of the highway, with further works planned.