Ayyavazhi (Tamil:அய்யாவழி -"Path of the father") is a dharmic belief system which originated in South India in the 19th century. It is conceived as an independent monistic religion by several academic research, although in Indian censuses the majority of its followers declare themselves as Hindus. So it is also considered to be a Hindu sect.
Ayyavazhi is centered on Ayya Vaikundar's life and preachings, and its ideas and philosophy are based on the holy texts Akilattirattu Ammanai and Arul Nool. Accordingly, Vaikundar was the Manu avatar of Narayana. Ayyavazhi shares many ideas with Hinduism in its mythology and practice, while regenerates several others. It differs considerably from Hinduism, especially while conceptualizing "Good vs Evil", dharma etc. Those who consider Ayyavazhi a separate religion classify it as a dharmic religion because of its centrality on dharma, though the ultimate aim of Ayyavazhi Dharma lies on an ideal Dharma Yukam which has been compared to Abrahamic ideas on heaven.
Ayyavazhi first came to public attention in the 19th century as a Hindu sect. Vaikundar's activities, as well as the growing number of followers, created a reformation and revolution in 19th century Travancore and Tamil society, surprising the feudal social system then in place in South India. Ayyavazhi have its own theology, mythology, holy places, worship centres, ethics etc.
Neetham is the primary virtues to be followed by people as per Ayyavazhi religion. This is found in Akilam one, the first section of Akilattirattu Ammanai in the midst of meta narrative events of eight yugas. This shows that how the society, its people, the ruling king etc once lived in absolute harmony with nature, placing the power of almighty in all their works deeds and activities, during early ages.
The Akilam points out this as an example, and there by says that how the people should live in the world, taking these as a model. It forms also a part of Ayyavazhi ethics. The Neethams are split into three. They are,
- Manu Neetham: How an individual should personify him or herself with good morality.
- Raja Neetham: How an individual should be to the society or Nation, and in turn how the Nation should be to a common man.
- Deiva Neetham: How an individual should be before God. (more...)
Akilathirattu Ammanai அகிலத்திரட்டு அம்மானை, also called Thiru Edu (venerable book), is the Primary religious book of the Southern Indian religion Ayyavazhi. The title is often abbreviated to Akilam. This is the largest Ammanai work.According to the book, Akilam, Hari Gopalan Citar wrote this book on the twenty-seventh day of the Tamil month of Karthikai (November/December) in the year 1016 ME (1841 CE).Akilathirattu was recorded on palm leaves until 1939, when it was given printed form.
According to the author, the book is the story of God coming in this age, the Kali Yukam or Iron Age, to rule the world by transforming it into that of Dharma Yukam. This story of faith has woven together the historical facts about Ayya Vaikundar and his activities, with reinterpretations of episodes from the Hindu Puranas (mythologies) and Itihasas (epics). It is presented as if Vishnu is narrating the whole story to his consort Lakshmi. (more...)
- ... that the Akilam is the longest Ballad form of literary work in the world?
West view of Swamithope Pathi.
Swamithope Pathi is the primary pathi of the Ayyavazhi.This is the head of all worship centers of Ayyavazhi, and the place where Ayya Vaikundar is said to have performed the Tavam. Ayya Vaikundar incarnated from the Sea, and came to Detchanam (Swamithope) and performed Tavam for six years in the place which was now known as Vatakku Vasal in Swamithope. Then he was arrested by Kalineesan after the trial he was carried in a Vahana by his devotees to Swamithope where he incinerated the evil spirits and unified the Seven Virgins with himself. Then after the marriage with the deities in Ambalappathi he returned to Swamithope. According to Akilattirattu Ammanai, Swamithope is the only place Narayana (Vaikundar) slept (in Tamil: Pallikolluthal) after the incarnation. He attained Vaikundam and his ponnmenikkoodu (Sacred Golden Body) was interred in the place which is now the Palliyarai of Swamithope. (more...)
"தாழக்கிடப்பாரை தற்காப்பதுவே தர்மம்"
"To uplift the lowly is Dharma".
- Expand: Adiyeduttharulal, Akilam eight, Akilam eleven, Akilam fifteen, Akilam five, Akilam four, Akilam fourteen, Arjunan Citar, Avatharappathi, Ayotha Amirtha Gangai, Muttappathi, Tamaraikulampathi, Pooppathi, Vakaippathi, Thiruchendur, Avatharappathi, Ayyavazhi holy sites, Thamaraiyur, Thuvaraiyam Pathi, Tamaraikulam, Poovantanthoppe, Singarathoppe, Nadutheervai Ula, Saattu Neettolai, Panchadevar Urppatthi, Patthiram, Sivakanta Athikarappatthiram, Thingal patham, Saptha Kannimar Padal, Pothippu, Kalyana Vazhthu
- Cleanup: History of Ayyavazhi, Neetham, Pathi, Nizhal Thangal, Pancha pathi, Muthirikkinaru, Thirunamam, Ayya Vaikunda Avataram, Ayyavazhi rituals, Ayyavazhi theology, Arul Nool