Ballet technique is the foundational principles of body movement and form used in ballet. It is an important aspect of ballet performance because ballet (especially classical ballet) puts great emphasis on the method and execution of movement. The techniques found in classical ballet are a framework for many other styles of dance, including jazz and contemporary ballet.
Aspects of ballet technique include body alignment and posture, turnout (rotating legs outward at the hips), toe pointing, pulling up, and ballon (exhibiting the appearance of gravity-defying lightness during leaps). Pointe technique is the part of ballet technique concerned with dancing on the tips of fully extended feet. Ballet technique is largely consistent throughout the world, though there are minor variations among the different styles of classical ballet. Together with stylistic differences, these variations produce an aesthetic and physicality of performance that is unique to each style.
Anna Pavlovna (Matveyevna) Pavlova (Russian: Анна Павловна (Матвеевна) Павлова; February 12 [O.S. January 31] 1881 – January 23, 1931) was a Russian prima ballerina of the late 19th and the early 20th centuries. She was a principal artist of the Imperial Russian Ballet and the Ballets Russes of Sergei Diaghilev. Pavlova is most recognized for the creation of the role The Dying Swan and, with her own company, became the first ballerina to tour ballet around the world.