Portal:Bavaria

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Bavaria

Coat of arms of Bavaria.svg
Flag of Bavaria (lozengy).svg

Bavaria (/bəˈvɛəriə/; German and Bavarian: Bayern [ˈbaɪɐn]; ), officially the Free State of Bavaria (German and Bavarian: Freistaat Bayern [ˈfʁaɪʃtaːt ˈbaɪɐn]), is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner. With an area of 70,550.19 square kilometres (27,200 sq mi), Bavaria is the largest German state by land area. Its territory comprises roughly a fifth of the total land area of Germany. With 13 million inhabitants, it is Germany's second-most-populous state after North Rhine-Westphalia. Bavaria's capital and largest city, Munich, is the third-largest city in Germany.

The history of Bavaria stretches from its earliest settlement and formation as a duchy in the 6th century AD through the Holy Roman Empire to becoming an independent kingdom and a state of the Federal Republic of Germany.

The Duchy of Bavaria dates back to the year 555. In the 17th century AD, the Duke of Bavaria became a Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire. The Kingdom of Bavaria existed from 1806 to 1918, when Bavaria became a republic. In 1946, the Free State of Bavaria re-organised itself on democratic lines after the Second World War.

Bavaria has a unique culture, largely because of the state's Catholic majority and conservative traditions. Bavarians have traditionally been proud of their culture, which includes a language, cuisine, architecture, festivals such as Oktoberfest and elements of Alpine symbolism. The state also has the second largest economy among the German states by GDP figures, giving it a status as a rather wealthy German region.

Modern Bavaria also includes parts of the historical regions of Franconia and Swabia.

Selected article

Louis I.

The Kingdom of Bavaria (German: Königreich Bayern; Austro-Bavarian: Kinereich Bayern) was a German state that succeeded the former Electorate of Bavaria in 1805 and continued to exist until 1918. The Bavarian Elector Maximilian IV Joseph of the House of Wittelsbach became the first King of Bavaria in 1805 as Maximilian I Joseph. The crown would go on being held by the Wittelsbachs until the kingdom came to an end in 1918. Most of Bavaria's present-day borders were established after 1814 with the Treaty of Paris, in which Bavaria ceded Tyrol and Vorarlberg to the Austrian Empire while receiving Aschaffenburg and Würzburg. With the unification of Germany into the German Empire in 1871, the kingdom became a federal state of the new Empire and was second in size, power, and wealth only to the leading state, the Kingdom of Prussia. In 1918, Bavaria became a republic, and the kingdom was thus succeeded by the current Free State of Bavaria.

Selected biography

Christian Morgenstern

Christian Morgenstern (May 6, 1871 in Munich– March 31, 1914 in Meran) was a German author and poet from Munich.

Morgenstern's poetry, much of which was inspired by English literary nonsense, is immensely popular, even though he enjoyed very little success during his lifetime. He made fun of scholasticism, e.g. literary criticism in "Drei Hasen", grammar in "Der Werwolf", narrow-mindedness in "Der Gaul", and symbolism in "Der Wasseresel". In "Scholastikerprobleme" he discussed how many angels could sit on a needle. Still many Germans know some of his poems and quotations by heart, e.g. the following line from "The Impossible Fact" ("Die unmögliche Tatsache", 1910):

For, he reasons pointedly / That which must not, can not be. (German: "Weil, so schließt er messerscharf / Nicht sein kann, was nicht sein darf.")

In the news


More Bavarian-related news in English can be found at Deutsche Welle, Tagesschau, Der Spiegel and The Munich Times.

Quotes

  • Home is not where you live, but where they understand you.

Christian Morgenstern (poet)

  • So certainly, if we can tell evil stories to make people sick, we can also tell good myths that make them well.

Rainer Werner Fassbinder (film director)

  • Hopefully it won't be that bad than it is already.

Karl Valentin

Selected image

Watzmann
Credit: Mg-k

The Watzmann (Austro-Bavarian: Watzmo) is the third highest [1] mountain in Germany (Zugspitze is the highest at 2,962m, Hochwanner the second at 2,746m). The three main peaks (right side in image) are Hocheck (2651 m), Mittelspitze (Middle Peak, 2,713m) and Südspitze (South Peak, 2,712m).

Did you know?

Coat of arms of Bavaria.svg
  • ...that there is a Bavarian citizenship (as opposed to a German citizenship)? Actually, the Bavarian constitution (Bavaria has a separate constitution that exists alongside the German constitution) explicitly provides for it in articles 6 and 7. Specifically, you become a Bavarian citizen by birth, by marriage or by being naturalized.

Subcategories

Topics

Cities of Bavaria: MunichNurembergAugsburgWürzburgRegensburgIngolstadtFürthErlangenBayreuthBambergAschaffenburg

Regions of Bavaria: Lower BavariaLower FranconiaUpper FranconiaMiddle FranconiaUpper PalatinateSwabiaUpper Bavaria

Politics of Bavaria: List of Ministers-President of BavariaBavarian state election, 2008Landtag of Bavaria

Economy of Bavaria: BMWSiemensAudiAllianzAdidasMAN

History of Bavaria: List of Ministers-President of BavariaAgilolfingsKingdom of BavariaHouse of WittelsbachBavarian Council Republic

Symbols: Coat of arms of BavariaFlag of BavariaBayernhymneBavaria statueCoat of arms of MunichMünchner Kindl

Original languages: Austro-Bavarian (boarisch)SwabianLow AlemannicEast Franconian

Culture: Paganism in the Eastern AlpsLederhosenDirndlMaibaumOktoberfestHofbräuhaus am PlatzlAcademy of Fine Arts, MunichDer Blaue ReiterBavarian National MuseumPinakothek der ModerneNeue PinakothekAlte Pinakothek

The Zugspitze massif from the northeast

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