Portal:Bhutan

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Map of Bhutan

Bhutan (/bˈtɑːn/; འབྲུག་ཡུལ་ Druk Yul), officially the Kingdom of Bhutan (འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་ Druk Gyal Khap), is a landlocked country in South Asia. Located in the Eastern Himalayas, it is bordered by Tibet Autonomous Region of China in the north, the Sikkim state of India and the Chumbi Valley of Tibet in the west, the Arunachal Pradesh state of India in the east, and the states of Assam and West Bengal in the south. Bhutan is geopolitically in South Asia and is the region's second least populous nation after the Maldives. Thimphu is its capital and largest city, while Phuntsholing is its financial center.

The independence of Bhutan has endured for centuries and it has never been colonized in its history. Situated on the ancient Silk Road between Tibet, the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia, the Bhutanese state developed a distinct national identity based on Buddhism. Headed by a spiritual leader known as the Zhabdrung Rinpoche, the territory was composed of many fiefdoms and governed as a Buddhist theocracy. Following a civil war in the 19th century, the House of Wangchuck reunited the country and established relations with the British Empire. Bhutan fostered a strategic partnership with India during the rise of Chinese communism and has a disputed border with the People's Republic of China. In 2008, it transitioned from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy and held the first election to the National Assembly of Bhutan. The National Assembly of Bhutan is part of the bicameral parliament of the Bhutanese democracy.

The country's landscape ranges from lush subtropical plains in the south to the sub-alpine Himalayan mountains in the north, where there are peaks in excess of 7,000 metres (23,000 ft). The highest mountain in Bhutan is the Gangkhar Puensum, which is also a strong candidate for the highest unclimbed mountain in the world. There is also diverse wildlife in Bhutan.

In South Asia, Bhutan ranks first in economic freedom, ease of doing business, and peace; second in per capita income; and is the least corrupt country as of 2016. However, Bhutan continues to be a least developed country. Hydroelectricity accounts for the major share of its exports. The government is a parliamentary democracy; the head of state is the King of Bhutan, known as the "Dragon King". Bhutan maintains diplomatic relations with 52 countries and the European Union, but does not have formal ties with the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council. It is a member of the United Nations, SAARC, BIMSTEC and the Non Aligned Movement. The Royal Bhutan Army maintains extensive military relations with the Indian Armed Forces.

Bhutan is also notable for pioneering the concept of gross national happiness.


Selected article

Sikkim
Sikkim (Lepcha: Mayel Lyang; Limbu: Yuksom, one of the fortified place; Standard Tibetan: འབྲས་ལྗོངས་, bras ljongs; Denzong; Demojongs; Nepali: About this sound सिक्किम , i.e. the Goodly Region, or Shikim, Shikimpati or Sikkim of the English and Indians) is a landlocked Indian state nestled in the Himalayas. It is the least populous state in India and the second-smallest state after Goa. This thumb-shaped state borders Nepal in the west, the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China to the north and the east and Bhutan in the southeast. The Indian state of West Bengal borders Sikkim to its south. Despite its small area of 7,096 km2 (2,740 sq mi), Sikkim is geographically diverse due to its location in the Himalayas. The climate ranges from subtropical to high alpine. Kangchenjunga, the world's third-highest peak, is located on the border of Sikkim with Nepal. Sikkim is a popular tourist destination owing to its culture, scenic beauty and biodiversity.

Selected biography

Thangtong Gyalpo
Thangtong Gyalpo (Tibetan: ཐང་སྟོང་རྒྱལ་པོ་Wylie: thang stong rgyal po) (1385–1464 or 1361–1485) also known as Drubthob Chakzampa (lcags zam pa) and Tsundru Zangpo (brtson 'grus bzang po) was a great Buddhist adept, a yogi, physician, blacksmith, architect, and a pioneering civil engineer.

He is said to have built 58 iron chain suspension bridges around Tibet and Bhutan, several of which are still in use today. He also designed and built several large stupas of unusual design including the great Kumbum Chörten at Chung Riwoche, Tibet; established the monastery of Dege Gonchen (Gongchen Monastery) in Derge; and is considered to be the father of Tibetan opera. He is associated with the Shangpa Kagyu, Nyingma and Sakya traditions of Tibetan Buddhism.

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Ashi Pema Dechen (pl) — Dance of the Black Hats (en) — Dorje Lingpa (1346—1405) — Lower Drukpa tradition (de) — Upper Drukpa tradition (de) — Trashigang Dzong (en) — Haa Wangchuk Lo Dzong (en) — Dobji Dzong (en/[1]/[2]) — Zhemgang Dzong (en) — Daga Dzong (en/en) —Trashi Yangtse Dzong (en) — Yonten Thaye (pl) — Choley Yeshe Ngodub (pt) — Tenzin Drugyey (no) — Bhutan Royal Botanic Gardens (es) — Bhutan–Spain relations (es) — Territorial disputes between the Kingdom of Bhutan and China (zh) — Chukha Hydroelectric Power Station (no) — Nishioka Keiji (ja) — Karma Ura (ja) — Jasha Maroo (cs/ru[3]) — Mebartsho (ru) — State awards of Bhutan (ru) — State system of Bhutan (ru) — Sonam Choden Wangchuck (ru) — Khamsum Singhye Wangchuck (ru) — Dechen Wangmo Wangchuck (ru) — Corvus corax tibetanus (ru) — B-Division (ru/nl) — C-Division (nl) — Kurteop (hr) — Lyonpo (et) — Royal Bhutan Army Air Wing (it) — Eutropis quadratilobus (fr) — Calotes bhutanensis (fr) — Basketball Federation of Bhutan (fr) — Bhutan at the Asian Indoor Games (nl)
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