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Marlow (previously Great Marlow or Chipping Marlow) is a town and civil parish within Wycombe district in south Buckinghamshire, England. It is located on the River Thames, four miles south-south-west of High Wycombe, and four miles north west of Maidenhead.

The town name is Anglo Saxon in origin, and means 'land remaining after the draining of a pool'. In the Domesday Book in 1086 it was recorded as Merlaue, though previously it was known as Merelafan which would appear to be of Brythonic origin (afon or avon is Welsh for "river".

Marlow has been an important town for many years. This is because of its location on the River Thames, a major trade route from London. It has had its own market charter since 1324 at the latest but ownership of the charter has been lost.There is a small market (amounting to two or three stalls, of "back of the van" style traders) held on Wednesdays and Saturday mornings. As early as 1299 the town had its own Member of Parliament.

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