Portal:Budapest

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Budapest portal

Coat of arms of Budapest

Budapest (pronounced [ˌbjuːdə'pest], [ˌbuːdə'pest], ['buːdəpest], Hungarian ['budɑpɛʃt]) is the capital city of Hungary and the country's principal political, cultural, commercial, industrial and transportation center.

Budapest has approximately 1.7 million inhabitants, down from a mid-1980s peak of 2.1 million. Budapest became a single city occupying both banks of the river Danube with the amalgamation on 17 November 1873 of right-bank (west) Buda (Ofen in German) and Óbuda (Old Buda or Alt-Ofen) together with Pest on the left (east) bank. It is the eighth largest city in the European Union.

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BKV is the unified public transport company of the city of Budapest, the capital of Hungary.

The city-owned BKV runs an extensive network of surface mass transportation, with a heavy emphasis on bus service. The bus fleet includes 1200 diesel vehicles on 200 routes and 15 electric trolleybus lines. Night service is exclusively provided by buses.

BKV operates 35 city tram lines and five municipal railways into the suburban agglomeration. The Budapest Metro underground railway network is less extensive, including two full-sized metros and the Millennium Underground, a small-sized underground tramway, which is more than 100 years old and was the first underground on the European continent.

Approximately 55% of traffic in Budapest, a city with 1.7 million inhabitants, is still carried by BKV vehicles, with 45% remaining for private cars. During 2003 1.4 billion passengers travelled with BKV. During the last decade of the Communist era Budapest had 2 million residents and the public vs. private travel proportion was 80% / 20% in favor of mass transit.

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Budapest Parliament interior2 BÅn.JPG
Hungarian Parliament Building, interior


Photo credit: Photo: Bengt Olof Åradsson

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Did you know

...that the Dohány Street Synagogue is the largest synagogue in Europe and the second largest in the world?

...that at its erection time (1933) the Lakihegy Tower (314 metre high) was Europe's highest structure?

...that the Western Railway Station (opened in 1877) was built by the Eiffel company?

...that the Austrian composer Gustav Mahler was the director of the Hungarian State Opera from 1888 to 1891?


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