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Budapest portal

Coat of arms of Budapest

Budapest /ˈbdəpɛst/ is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, and the tenth-largest city in the European Union by population within city limits. The city had an estimated population of 1,752,704 in 2016 distributed over a land area of about 525 square kilometres (203 square miles). Budapest is both a city and county, and forms the centre of the Budapest metropolitan area, which has an area of 7,626 square kilometres (2,944 square miles) and a population of 3,303,786, comprising 33 percent of the population of Hungary.

The history of Budapest began when an early Celtic settlement transformed into a Roman town of Aquincum, the capital of Lower Pannonia. The Hungarians arrived in the territory in the late 9th century. The area was pillaged by the Mongols in 1241. Buda, the settlements on the west bank of the river, became one of the centres of Renaissance humanist culture by the 15th century. The Battle of Mohács in 1526 was followed by nearly 150 years of Ottoman rule. After the reconquest of Buda in 1686, the region entered a new age of prosperity. Pest-Buda became a global city with the unification of Buda, Óbuda, and Pest on November 17, 1873, with the name 'Budapest' given to the new capital. Budapest also became the co-capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, a great power that dissolved in 1918, following World War I. The city was the focal point of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, the Battle of Budapest in 1945, and the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. Read more...

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BKV is the unified public transport company of the city of Budapest, the capital of Hungary.

The city-owned BKV runs an extensive network of surface mass transportation, with a heavy emphasis on bus service. The bus fleet includes 1200 diesel vehicles on 200 routes and 15 electric trolleybus lines. Night service is exclusively provided by buses.

BKV operates 35 city tram lines and five municipal railways into the suburban agglomeration. The Budapest Metro underground railway network is less extensive, including three full-sized metros and the Millennium Underground, a small-sized underground tramway, which is more than 100 years old and was the first underground on the European continent.

Approximately 55% of traffic in Budapest, a city with 1.7 million inhabitants, is still carried by BKV vehicles, with 45% remaining for private cars. During 2003 1.4 billion passengers travelled with BKV. During the last decade of the Communist era Budapest had 2 million residents and the public vs. private travel proportion was 80% / 20% in favor of mass transit.

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Budapest Parliament interior2 BÅn.JPG
Hungarian Parliament Building, interior

Photo credit: Photo: Bengt Olof Åradsson


Did you know

...that the Dohány Street Synagogue is the largest synagogue in Europe and the second largest in the world?

...that at its erection time (1933) the Lakihegy Tower (314 metre high) was Europe's highest structure?

...that the Western Railway Station (opened in 1877) was built by the Eiffel company?

...that the Austrian composer Gustav Mahler was the director of the Hungarian State Opera from 1888 to 1891?

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