Portal:Buenos Aires

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Buenos Aires

Flag of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires
Coat of Arms of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires (/ˌbwnəs ˈɛərz/ or /-ˈrɪs/; Spanish pronunciation: [ˈbwenos ˈaiɾes]) is the capital and most populous city of Argentina. The city is located on the western shore of the estuary of the Río de la Plata, on the South American continent's southeastern coast. "Buenos Aires" can be translated as "fair winds" or "good airs", but the first one was the meaning intended by the founders in the 16th century, by the use of the original name "Real de Nuestra Señora Santa María del Buen Ayre". The Greater Buenos Aires conurbation, which also includes several Buenos Aires Province districts, constitutes the fourth-most populous metropolitan area in the Americas, with a population of around 17 million.

The city of Buenos Aires is neither part of Buenos Aires Province nor the Province's capital; rather, it is an autonomous district. In 1880, after decades of political infighting, Buenos Aires was federalized and removed from Buenos Aires Province. The city limits were enlarged to include the towns of Belgrano and Flores; both are now neighborhoods of the city. The 1994 constitutional amendment granted the city autonomy, hence its formal name: Autonomous City of Buenos Aires (Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires; "CABA"). Its citizens first elected a chief of government (i.e. mayor) in 1996; previously, the mayor was directly appointed by the President of the Republic.

Buenos Aires is considered an 'alpha city' by the study GaWC5. Buenos Aires' quality of life was ranked 91st in the world, being one of the best in Latin America in 2018. It is the most visited city in South America, and the second-most visited city of Latin America (behind Mexico City).

Buenos Aires is a top tourist destination, and is known for its preserved Spanish/European-style architecture and rich cultural life. Buenos Aires held the 1st Pan American Games in 1951 as well as hosting two venues in the 1978 FIFA World Cup. Buenos Aires will host the 2018 Summer Youth Olympics and the 2018 G20 summit.

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Mariano Moreno en su mesa de trabajo, canonical aspect of Mariano Moreno, as designed by Adolfo Carranza and Pedro Subercaseaux Errázuriz
Mariano Moreno (September 23, 1778 – March 4, 1811) was an Argentine lawyer, journalist, and politician. He played a decisive role in the Primera Junta, the first national government of Argentina, created after the May Revolution.

Moreno was born in Buenos Aires in 1778. His father was Manuel Moreno y Argumosa, born in Santander, Spain, who arrived in the city in 1776 and married María del Valle. Mariano was the firstborn of the Moreno family, and had thirteen brothers. During his youth he studied Latin, logic, and philosophy at San Carlos Royal College, followed by college studies of law at Chuquisaca. During these studies, he learned the new ideas of the Spanish Enlightenment. He married María Guadalupe Cuenca and returned to Buenos Aires, becoming a prominent lawyer for the Cabildo. Unlike most other criollos, he rejected the Carlotist project and the administration of Santiago de Liniers, joining instead the ill-fated mutiny of Álzaga against him. He worked for the next viceroy, Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros. He wrote the economic paper The Representation of the Landowners, which persuaded the viceroy to open trade with Britain.

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The Obelisk in San Nicolás, Buenos Aires
Credit: Kyle Lease

Located in the Plaza de la República, in the intersection of avenues Corrientes and 9 de Julio, the Obelisk of Buenos Aires is a national historic monument and icon of Buenos Aires. It was built to commemorate the fourth centenary of the first foundation of the city. Where the Obelisco stands, the Argentine flag was officially hoisted for the first time in the city, 1812.

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San Nicolás' is one of the neighbourhoods of the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina, sharing most of the city and national government structure with neighboring Montserrat and home to much of Buenos Aires' financial sector. It's seldom referred to as San Nicolás, but usually as El Centro ("City Centre"), and the part east of the 9 de Julio Avenue is known as Microcentro.

The limits of the neighbourhood are the Córdoba, Callao, Rivadavia, La Rábida Norte and Eduardo Madero Avenues. The district is home to 33,305 inhabitants.

Incorporating most of the Buenos Aires Central Business District, San Nicolás is home to the headquarters of numerous leading Argentine firms, including Aerolíneas Argentinas, the National Bank, Banco Macro, Bank of the City of Buenos Aires, etc. It is also the location of much of the Florida Street retail district, the important Galerías Pacífico shopping arcade, Luna Park Arena, and the Corrientes Avenue cinema and theater district.

Administrative divisions:

  1. Puerto Madero, San Nicolás, Retiro, Monserrat, San Telmo, and Constitución
  2. Recoleta
  3. Balvanera and San Cristóbal
  4. La Boca, Barracas, Parque Patricios, and Nueva Pompeya
  5. Almagro and Boedo
  6. Caballito
  7. Flores and Parque Chacabuco
  8. Villa Soldati, Villa Lugano, and Villa Riachuelo
  9. Parque Avellaneda, Mataderos, and Liniers
  10. Villa Luro, Vélez Sársfield, Floresta, Monte Castro, Villa Real, and Versalles
  11. Villa Devoto, Villa del Parque, Villa Santa Rita, and Villa General Mitre
  12. Villa Pueyrredón, Villa Urquiza, Coghlan, and Saavedra
  13. Núñez, Belgrano, and Colegiales
  14. Palermo
  15. Villa Ortúzar, Chacarita, Villa Crespo, La Paternal, Agronomía and Parque Chas
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