Savanna, west of Ouagadougou
, typical of the majority of the country's landscape.
is largely wild bush country with a mixture of grass and small trees in varying proportions. The savanna
region is mainly grassland in the rainy season and semi desert during the harmattan
period (defined as the period when stormy and dusty Sahara
winds blow dry and hot). Fauna, one of the most diverse in West Africa, includes the elephant
, various types of antelope
, and a vast variety of bird and insect life. The country has 147 mammal
species, 330 aquatic species including 121 species of fish
and 2067 different plant species. Of the plant species, the dominant endemic species are shea tree (Butyrospermum parkii
) and the baobab
, the former plant species has immense economic value to the country.
To ensure conservation and preservation of the wildlife of Burkina Faso
, four national parks have been established. These are the Po National Park
in the south-centre of the country, Arli National Park
established in 1954 in the southeast, W of the Niger National Park
, a trans frontier park existing since 1957 in the east bordering Benin
and the Deux Balés National Park
. The forests, fauna and fish have been declared part of the national estate of Burkina Faso. In addition, the List of national parks of Burkina Faso
consist of one UNESCO Biosphere reserve
, three Complete Reserves, six Partial Reserves and ten protected forests. However, according to conservation classification conducted between 1936 and 1957, the country has 78 protected areas that cover 38,369 km2
(14,814 sq mi), which accounts to about 14% of the area of the country. Read more...