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An Arriva double-decker bus, running route 102 on the London Buses network.

A bus (archaically also omnibus, multibus, or autobus) is a road vehicle designed to carry passengers. Buses can have a capacity as high as 300 passengers. The most common type of bus is the single-decker rigid bus, with larger loads carried by double-decker buses and articulated buses, and smaller loads carried by midibuses and minibuses; coaches are used for longer distance services.

Bus manufacturing is increasingly globalised, with the same design appearing around the world.

Buses may be used for scheduled bus transport, scheduled coach transport, school transport, private hire, tourism; promotional buses may be used for political campaigns and others are privately operated for a wide range of purposes.

Horse drawn buses were used from 1820, followed by steam buses in the 1830 and electric trolleybuses in 1882. The first buses powered by internal combustion engines were used 1895 and this is still the most common power source. Recently there has been growing interest in hybrid electric buses, fuel cell buses, electric buses as well as ones powered by compressed natural gas or bio-diesel.

Selected article

NFI D40LF.jpg

The New Flyer D40 Low Floor is a popular low floor bus built from 1991 to 2013. The New Flyer D40LF was developed by then parent company Den Oudsten Bussen and adapted for the North American market. A revised demonstrator was launched in 1989 as The User Friendly "TUF" Bus. After the 2009 model year, New Flyer discontinued the LF series of buses with the traditional style front and rear ends. The D40LF has been replaced by the D40LFR. Production for some existing orders of the D40LF continued to the end of 2010. Read more

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Stagecoach Optare Solo Exeter.jpg

Stagecoach Devon 10th Anniversary Running Day 15 July 2006. Brand new Optare Solo.

Did you know?

British Trolleybuses - Derby DYK.jpg

  • ... that trolleybuses in Derby (example pictured) last operated in 1967, but there are still five preserved by collectors?
  • ... that MASA, formed in 1959, was the second-largest manufacturer of buses in Mexico when it was acquired in 1998 by Volvo?

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