Portal:Ivory Coast

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Ivory Coast Portal

The Ivory Coast portal

Flag of Côte d'Ivoire
Coat of Arms of Côte d'Ivoire
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Ivory Coast /ˌvri ˈkst/ (About this sound listen), officially Côte d'Ivoire /ˌkt dɪˈvwɑːr/ (About this sound listen) (French: République de Côte d'Ivoire, French: [kot d‿ivwaʁ] (About this sound listen)), is a country in West Africa. It has an area of 322,462 square kilometres (124,503 sq mi), and borders the countries Liberia, Guinea, Mali, Burkina Faso and Ghana; its southern boundary is along the Gulf of Guinea. The country's population was 15,366,672 in 1998 and was estimated to be 20,617,068 in 2009. Ivory Coast's first national census in 1975 counted 6.7 million inhabitants.

Prior to its colonization by Europeans, Ivory Coast was home to several states, including Gyaaman, the Kong Empire, and Baoulé. There were two Anyi kingdoms, Indénié and Sanwi, which attempted to retain their separate identity through the French colonial period and after independence. An 1843–1844 treaty made Ivory Coast a protectorate of France and in 1893, it became a French colony as part of the European scramble for Africa.

Ivory Coast became independent on 7 August 1960. From 1960 to 1993, the country was led by Félix Houphouët-Boigny. It maintained close political and economic association with its West African neighbours, while at the same time maintaining close ties to the West, especially to France. Since the end of Houphouët-Boigny's rule, Ivory Coast has experienced one coup d’état, in 1999, and a civil war, which broke out in 2002. A political agreement between the government and the rebels brought a return to peace. Ivory Coast is a republic with a strong executive power invested in the President. Its de jure capital is Yamoussoukro and the biggest city is the port city of Abidjan. The country is divided into 19 regions and 81 departments. It is a member of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, African Union, La Francophonie, Latin Union, Economic Community of West African States and South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone.

The official language is French, although many of the local languages are widely used, including Baoulé, Dioula, Dan, Anyin and Cebaara Senufo. The main religions are Islam, Christianity (primarily Roman Catholic) and various indigenous religions.

Through production of coffee and cocoa, the country was an economic powerhouse during the 1960s and 1970s in West Africa. However, Ivory Coast went through an economic crisis in the 1980s, leading to the country's period of political and social turmoil. The 21st century Ivoirian economy is largely market-based and relies heavily on agriculture, with smallholder cash crop production being dominant.

Selected article

2004 Ivorian-French clashes.png

A clash between the armed forces of Côte d'Ivoire and French peacekeepers took place on November 6, 2004. This involved an Ivorian air attack on French soldiers in the north of Côte d'Ivoire, after which the French military responded swiftly by destroying the entire Ivorian Air Force. Those incidents were followed by massive anti-French protests in Côte d'Ivoire. It was the most serious crisis between France and its former colony since independence in 1960. Ivorian president Laurent Gbagbo had ordered airstrikes to be carried out on Ivorian rebels. On November 6, 2004, at least one Ivorian Sukhoi Su-25 bomber attacked a position of France's Unicorn peacekeeping force in the rebel stronghold of Bouaké at 1 pm local time, killing nine French soldiers and wounding another 31. A US development worker, reported to have been a missionary, was also killed. The Ivorian government claimed the attack on the French was unintentional, but the French insisted that the attack had been deliberate. Within hours, French President Jacques Chirac personally ordered the destruction of the small Ivorian air force and the seizure of Yamoussoukro airport. The French military performed an overland attack on the airport, destroying two Sukhoi Su-25 ground attack aircraft and three helicopter gunships. Two more military helicopters were destroyed during combat in the skies over Abidjan.

Selected picture

Michel Kodjo.jpg

The Ivorian painter Michel Kodjo

Did you know...

  • ...that a griot (English pronunciation: /ˈɡri.oʊ/, French pronunciation: ​[ɡʁi.o], with a silent t) or jeli (djeli or djéli in French spelling) is a West African poet, praise singer, and wandering musician, considered a repository of oral tradition. As such, they are sometimes also called bards.
  • ...that Abusua is the name in Akan culture for a group of people that share a common maternal ancestor. There are several Abusua which transcend the different ethnic subgroups. People of the same Abusua share a common ancestor somewhere within their bloodline which may go back as far as 1000 years. It is a taboo to marry someone from the same Abusua.
  • ...that Stade Robert Champroux is a multi-use stadium in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire. It is currently used mostly for football matches. It serves as a home ground of Jeunesse Club d'Abidjan, Stade d'Abidjan and Stella Club d'Adjamé. The stadium holds 20,000 people.
  • ...that Guests surprised (in french : Invités Surprises) is a comic film of the Côte d'Ivoire left in 2008, carried out by Mike Yoboué.

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Selected biography


Guillaume Kigbafori Soro (born May 8, 1972 in Ferkessédougou, Côte d'Ivoire) has served as the Prime Minister of Côte d'Ivoire since April 4, 2007. Prior to his service as Prime Minister, Soro led the Patriotic Movement of Côte d'Ivoire and later the New Forces rebel group as its Secretary-General. A Catholic from Diawala in the north of the country, Soro led the rebel Patriotic Movement of Côte d'Ivoire (MPCI) in a September 2002 rebellion against the government of President Laurent Gbagbo that triggered the Ivorian Civil War. In December 2002 Soro's MPCI combined with two other rebel groups - Ivorian Popular Movement of the Great West (MPIGO) and Movement for Justice and Peace (MJP) - to form the les Forces Nouvelles de Côte d'Ivoire (New Forces). He became Secretary-general of the group. Following a peace agreement in January 2003, Soro joined the government as communications minister in April 2003.

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