Selected article -
Selected political party -
The New Democratic Party
: Nouveau Parti démocratique
), commonly referred to as the NDP, is a social democratic political party
. The party is regarded as falling on the left
in the Canadian political spectrum
The provincial NDP parties in Manitoba
and Nova Scotia
currently form the government in those provinces, and provincial parties have previously formed governments in British Columbia
and in the Yukon
In 1956, after the birth of the Canadian Labour Congress (CLC) by a merger of two previous labour congresses, negotiations began between the CLC and the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) to bring about an alliance between organized labour and the political left in Canada. In 1958 a joint CCF-CLC committee, the National Committee for the New Party (NCNP), was formed to create a "new" social democratic political party, with ten members from each group. The NCNP spent the next three years laying down the foundations of the New Party. During this process, a large number of New Party Clubs were established to allow like-minded Canadians to join in its founding, and six representatives from New Party Clubs were added to the National Committee. In 1961, at the end of a five-day long Founding Convention which established its principles, policies and structures, the New Democratic Party was born and Tommy Douglas, the long-time CCF Premier of Saskatchewan, was elected its first leader. In 1960, before the NDP was founded, one candidate, Walter Pitman, won a by-election under the New Party banner.
Selected political picture -
Did you know? -
Selected biography -
Agnes Campbell Macphail
(March 24, 1890 – February 13, 1954) was the first woman to be elected to the Canadian House of Commons
, and one of the first two women elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario
. Active throughout her life in progressive Canadian politics
, Macphail worked for two separate parties and promoted her ideas through column-writing, activist organizing, and legislation.
As a radical member of the Progressive Party, Macphail joined the socialist Ginger Group, faction of the Progressive Party that later led to the formation of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF). She became the first president of the Ontario CCF in 1932. However, she left the CCF in 1934 when the United Farmers of Ontario pulled out due to fears of Communist influence in the Ontario CCF. While Macphail was no longer formally a CCF member, she remained close to the CCF MPs and often participated in caucus meetings. The CCF did not run candidates against Macphail in her three subsequent federal campaigns. Out of office, she wrote agricultural columns for the Globe and Mail newspaper in Toronto. Following a family tragedy in her home town, Macphail moved to the Toronto suburb of East York, Ontario and rejoined the Ontario CCF in 1942 becoming its farm organizer.
Canadian politics category
To display all subcategories click on the ►
Selected election -
The Canadian federal election of 1911
was held on September 21 to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons
of the 12th Parliament
. It brought an end to fifteen years of government by the Liberal Party
of Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier
. The election was fought over the issues of free trade
with the United States
, and the creation of a Canadian navy. The Conservatives
formed a majority government under Robert Borden
The Liberal government was caught up in a debate over the naval arms race between the British Empire and Germany. Laurier attempted a compromise by starting up the Canadian Navy, but this failed to appease either the French and English Canadians; the former who refused giving any aid, while the latter suggested sending money directly to Britain. After the election, the Conservatives drew up a bill for naval contributions to the British, but it was held up by a lengthy Liberal filibuster before being passed by invoking closure, then it was struck down by the Liberal-controlled Senate.
Many English-Canadians in Alberta
, and the Maritimes
felt that Laurier was abandoning Canada's traditional links to the United Kingdom
. On the other side, Quebec
nationalist Henri Bourassa
, having earlier quit the Liberal Party over what he considered the government's pro-British policies, campaigned against Laurier in that province. Ironically, Bourassa's attacks on Laurier in Quebec aided in the election of the Conservatives, who held more staunchly Imperialist policies than the Liberals.