The Raso Lark is restricted to one small island in the Cape Verde group, although historically it is believed to have ranged over two other islands, Branco and Sao Vicente Island; all three of these islands were joined in the last Ice Age. Branco island itself has no permanent water and has never been inhabited by people, a fact that has probably saved the lark from extinction until now.
Cachupa is a famous dish from the Cape Verde islands, West Africa. This slow cooked stew of corn (hominy), beans, and fish or meat (sausage, beef, goat, or chicken) is often referred to as the country's national dish. Each island has its own regional variation. It is hearty and filling, and may even be served reheated at breakfast.
The version of the recipe called "Cachupa Rica" tends to have more ingredients than the simpler, "Cachupa Pobre".
Mount Fogo is the highest peak of Cape Verde, rising to 2,829 metres above sea level. It is an active stratovolcano lying on the island of Fogo. The main cone last erupted in 1675, causing mass emigration from the island, while a subsidiary vent erupted in 1995. The only deadly eruption was in 1847 when earthquakes generated by Mount Fogo claimed several lives.
The mountain's slopes are used to grow coffee, while its lava is used as building material. Near its peak is a caldera, in which sits the Pico do Fogoashcone. A small village, Chã das Caldeiras, is inside this caldera.
The eruption of 1995 began on April 3, covering the island with a cloud of ash. Residents were evacuated from Chã das Caldeiras, as their homes were destroyed.
Cidade Velha (Portuguese for "old city"), or simply Sidadi in Cape Verdean Creole, is a town located 15 km from Praia (Cape Verde's capital) on Santiago. It is the oldest settlement in Cape Verde and used to serve as the capital of Cape Verde. Once called Ribeira Grande, its name was changed to Cidade Velha so to avoid confusion with another Ribeira Grande on another island.
Cidade Velha's port was a stopping place for two great navigators: Vasco of Gamma, in 1497, on his way to India, and Christopher Columbus, in 1498, while on his third voyage to the Americas.
Cidade Velha has the oldest colonial church in the world, constructed in 1495. The fort Forte Real de São Filipe that dominates the town from 120 metres of altitude, was constructed in 1590 to defend the Portuguese colony from the attacks of the French and English.