The Capital District, also known as the Capital Region, is the metropolitan area surrounding Albany, the capital of the U.S. state of New York. With a population of 1,170,483 (2013), the Capital District is the fourth largest metropolitan region in the state and the 45th largest in the country. Companies that have headquarters in Albany include CommerceHub and the Environment One Corporation. In the 21st century, the Capital District has emerged as a major anchor of Tech Valley, the moniker describing the technologically-focused region of eastern New York State. The Capital District was first settled by the Dutch in the early 17th century and came under British control in 1664. Albany has been the permanent capital of the state of New York since 1797. The Capital District is notable for many historical events that predate the independence of the United States, including the Albany Plan of Union and The Battles of Saratoga. Read more...
The Port of Albany–Rensselaer
, widely known as the Port of Albany
, is a major port
operating year-round on both sides of the Hudson River
, New York
. The name Port of Albany-Rensselaer came into use in 1925, though separate private and public port facilities have existed in both cities since the 17th century. The Albany Basin
and Erie Canal
were both constructed with public funds in 1825 leading to a huge boost in the shipping industry. The current port location was constructed in 1932 under Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt
. Public and private facilities not owned by the Port of Albany continue to exist in both cities, though they tend to be recreational and non-commercial.
The Port of Albany consists of roughly 236 acres (96 ha), of which approximately 202 acres (82 ha) are in Albany and 34 acres (14 ha) in Rensselaer. It is 124 nautical miles (230 km) north of New York Harbor. From New York Harbor to the Federal Dam three miles (5 km) north of Albany, the Hudson River is an estuary of the Atlantic Ocean. The Hudson has a deep water shipping channel 400 feet (120 m) across, and at Albany the river is 700 feet (210 m) across with a maximum 31 feet (9.4 m) saltwater draft and a mean range of tides of 4.7 feet (1.4 m). The port is at sea level.
Since the founding of Albany in 1624 as a trading post, shipping has been important to its growth and prosperity. Furs (especially beaver), timber, and farm produce were important exports while European people and goods were shipped in. The Dongan Charter, which established Albany as a city, made Albany the exclusive market town in the upper Hudson River Valley. From its beginning the port consisted of hastily-built docks built every spring and destroyed every winter by erosion, flooding, ice, and tidal action. Three city-owned docks were established in 1766, the northern and southern ones later being expanded into wharves.
; born December 9, 1966) is the junior United States Senator
from New York
and a member of the Democratic Party
. On January 23, 2009, Gillibrand was appointed by Governor David Paterson
to fill the U.S. Senate seat vacated by Hillary Clinton
, who assumed the office of United States Secretary of State
in the Obama administration
. She is the second woman to serve as a U.S. Senator from New York.
Previously, she was elected twice to the United States House of Representatives, representing New York's 20th congressional district from January 3, 2007, to January 26, 2009. She was the first woman to serve as a representative of the district and the first Democrat to represent the district since Edward W. Pattison left office in 1979. As a member of the House, Gillibrand was considered to be a centrist Democrat, appealing to some Republican and conservative Democratic voters in Upstate New York.
Gillibrand has a B.A. from Dartmouth College and a J.D. from UCLA School of Law. She lives with her husband and two sons in Hudson.
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