Portal:Capital District

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Capital District

Map of New York's Capital District. The Capital District is an imprecise geographical area in upstate New York centered around the state capital of Albany.

The Capital District is a region in upstate New York that generally refers to the four counties surrounding Albany, the capital of the state: Albany County, Schenectady County, Rensselaer County, and Saratoga County. Often the other counties of the Albany-Schenectady-Amsterdam Combined Statistical Area and Greene County are included, especially for economic and demographic compilations and regional planning.

The Capital District is notable for many historical and industrial events. The Battle of Saratoga and the Albany Plan of Union are two historical events from before American independence which are now considered of national and sometimes also of international importance. Many multinational corporations were founded in the Capital District including New York Central Railroad, American Express, General Electric, American Locomotive Company, and International Paper. The Capital District was first settled by the Dutch in the early 1600s and came under British control in 1664. Albany has been the permanent capital of the state of New York since 1797.

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Fort Ticonderoga 1758 Restored.png
Fort Ticonderoga, formerly Fort Carillon, is a large 18th-century fort built at a narrows near the south end of Lake Champlain in upstate New York in the United States. It was constructed by the French between 1754 and 1757 during the Seven Years' War, often referred to as the French and Indian War in the USA, and was of strategic importance during the 18th-century colonial conflicts between Great Britain and France, and again to a lesser extent during the American Revolutionary War.

The site controlled a river portage alongside the mouth of the rapids-infested La Chute River in the 3.5 miles (5.6 km) between Lake Champlain and Lake George and was strategically placed in conflicts over trade routes between the British-controlled Hudson River Valley and the French-controlled Saint Lawrence River Valley. The terrain amplified the importance of the site. Both lakes were long and narrow, oriented north–south, as were the many ridge lines of the Appalachian Mountains extending as far south as Georgia, creating the near-impassable mountainous terrains to the east and west of the Great Appalachian Valley that the site commanded. The name "Ticonderoga" comes from the Iroquois word tekontaró:ken, meaning "it is at the junction of two waterways".

During the 1758 Battle of Carillon, 4,000 French defenders were able to repel an attack by 16,000 British troops near the fort. In 1759, the British returned and drove a token French garrison from the fort merely by occupying high ground that threatened the fort. During the American Revolutionary War, the fort again saw action in May 1775 when the Green Mountain Boys and other state militia under the command of Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold captured it in a surprise attack. The Americans held it until June 1777, when British forces under General John Burgoyne again occupied high ground above the fort and threatened the Continental Army troops, leading them to withdraw from the fort and its surrounding defenses.

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Experimental Media and Performing Arts Center (EMPAC) at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, a $220 million multi-venue arts center opened in 2009
Credit: User:UpstateNYer
Experimental Media and Performing Arts Center (EMPAC) at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, a $220 million multi-venue arts center opened in 2009

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Amos Eaton.jpg
Amos Eaton (May 17, 1776 – May 10, 1842) was a scientist and educator in the Troy, New York area. Eaton graduated from Williams College in 1799 then studied law in New York City. After admission to the bar in 1802, he was jailed for charges of forgery in 1810. After five years in prison, he was released having been educated in botany and geology. He spent a year at Yale College studying botany, chemistry, and mineralogy. He then returned to Williams College, where he lectured on zoology, botany, and geology. In 1817 he published Manual of Botany for the Northern States, the first comprehensive flora of the area; it ultimately went through eight editions.

He returned to New York State in 1817 where DeWitt Clinton arranged for him to deliver a series of lectures to the New York State Legislature on the state's geology in connection with the building of the Erie Canal. Among the legislators who heard these lectures was Stephen Van Rensselaer III, who, in 1820, hired him to produce A geological Survey of the County of Albany, which was followed by geological surveys of much of the area through which the canal was built.

In 1824, with Rensselaer's assistance, he co-founded The Rensselaer School (now known as Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute) "for the purpose of instructing persons, who may choose to apply themselves, in the application of science to the common purposes of life". Eaton served as Senior Professor at The Rensselaer School until the time of his death in 1842. Under his leadership, Troy rivaled London as a center for geological studies in the first part of the 19th century.

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Fort TiconderogaNew York's 20th congressional district special election, 2009New York State Route 22New York State Route 28New York State Route 28NNew York State Route 32Oakwood Cemetery (Troy, New York)List of highways in Warren County, New York

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1989 Northeastern United States tornado outbreakAlbany, New YorkAlbany City HallAlbany Pine BushBattle of BenningtonBattles of SaratogaCentral Troy Historic DistrictCoat of arms of Albany, New YorkDongan CharterJoseph H. AllenKiliaen van Rensselaer (Dutch merchant)New York State Route 8New York State Route 9LNew York State Route 9NNew York State Route 32BNew York State Route 149New York State Route 254New York State Route 418Port of Albany-RensselaerSaratoga campaignU.S. Route 4 in New YorkWashington Park Historic District (Albany, New York)

Selected panorama

Panorama of the skyline of Albany, New York, taken from East Greenbush. The Empire State Plaza can be seen in the center and the northern end of the Catskill Mountains can be seen at far left. The Hudson River is in front of the Albany skyline and Interstate 90 can be seen in the foreground.
Credit: User:UpstateNYer
Panorama of the skyline of Albany, New York, taken from East Greenbush. The Empire State Plaza can be seen in the center and the northern end of the Catskill Mountains can be seen at far left. The Hudson River is in front of the Albany skyline and Interstate 90 can be seen in the foreground.

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Nassau, Bahamas Nijmegen, Netherlands Tula, Russia Verona, Italy Saga City, Japan Chekhov, Russia Vichy, France Nijkerk, Netherlands
Coat of arms of the Bahamas.svg Nijmegen wapen.svg Coat of Arms of Tula.png Emblem of Italy.svg Imperial Seal of Japan.svg Coat of Arms of the Russian Federation.svg Blason fr Vichy.svg Coat of arms of Nijkerk.svg
Sister cities of Albany Sister city of Glens Falls Sister cities of Saratoga Springs Sister city of Schenectady


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