The Felinae are a subfamily of the family Felidae that includes the genera and species presented below. Most are small to medium-sized cats, although the group does include some larger animals, such as the cougar and cheetah. The earliest records of the Felinae are ascribed to Felis attica of western Eurasia from the late Miocene, 9 million years ago (Mya). It is estimated that the pantherine big cats split away from this group about 6.37 million years ago.
Felidae cats are split up into two main lineages: the conical-toothed cats, which includes all the extant cats in subfamilies Felinae and Pantherinae, and the extinct saber-toothed cats (members of Machairodontinae). Some authorities include all conical toothed cats in Felinae to reflect this primary division, in which case the tribes Pantherini and Felini are used for the pantherine and feline cats, respectively. In this sense, the tribe Felini is synonymous with the use of Felinae in this article.
|The tiger (Panthera tigris) is a mammal of the Felidae family, the largest of four "big cats" in the Panthera genus. Native to much of eastern and southern Asia, the tiger is an apex predator and an obligate carnivore. Reaching up to 4 metres (13 feet) in total length and weighing up to 300 kg (660 pounds), tigers are comparable in size to the biggest extinct felids. Aside from their great bulk and power, their most recognizable feature is the pattern of dark vertical stripes that overlays near-white to reddish-orange fur, with lighter underparts.
Tigers are among most recognizable and popular of the world's charismatic megafauna. They have featured prominently in ancient mythologies and folklore, and continue to be depicted in modern films and literature. Tigers appear on many flags, coats of arms and as mascots for sporting teams and serve as the national animal of several Asian nations.
The black panther is the common name for a black (melanistic) color variant of any of several species of cat.
Selected topics about Cats
Savannahs are cats produced by crossbreeding Servals and domestic cats. The coat of a Savannah depends a lot on the breed of cat used for the domestic cross. Early generations have some form of dark spotting on a lighter coat, and many breeders employ "wild" looking spotted breeds such as the Bengal and Egyptian Mau for the cross to help preserve these markings in later generations.
An often noted trait of the Savannah is its jumping ability. Savannahs are known to jump up on top of doors, refrigerators and high cabinets. Some Savannahs can leap about 8 feet (2.5 m) high from a standing position. As, pets, they are commonly compared to dogs in their loyalty, and they will follow their owners around the house like a canine. They can also be trained to walk on a leash like a dog, and even fetch...
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