is a recreational and competitive game
played between two players
. The current form of Chess (sometimes called Western chess
or international chess
) has an international pedigree which evolved from similar, much older games in India
. The modern form of the game emerged in Southern Europe
during the second half of the 15th century. Today, chess is one of the world's most popular games, played by millions of people worldwide at home, in clubs
, online, by correspondence
, and in tournaments
The game is played on a square chequered chessboard with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight square. At the start, each player (one controlling the white pieces, the other controlling the black pieces) controls sixteen pieces: one king, one queen, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, and eight pawns. The object of the game is to checkmate the opponent's king, whereby the king is under immediate attack (in "check") and there is no way to remove it from attack on the next move.
The tradition of organized competitive chess started in the sixteenth century and has developed extensively. Chess today is a recognized sport of the International Olympic Committee. The first official World Chess Champion, Wilhelm Steinitz, claimed his title in 1886; Norwegian Grandmaster Magnus Carlsen is the current World Champion. Theoreticians have developed extensive chess strategies and tactics since the game's inception. Aspects of art are found in chess composition.
Selected article of the week
The World Chess Championship is played to determine the World Champion in the board game chess. Both men and women are eligible to contest this title.
The official world championship is generally regarded to have begun in 1886, when the two leading players in the world played a match. From 1886 to 1946, the championship was conducted on an informal basis, with a challenger having to defeat the incumbent in a match to become the new world champion. From 1948 to 1993, the championship was administered by FIDE, the international chess organization. In 1993, the reigning champion (Garry Kasparov) broke away from FIDE, meaning there were two rival championships. This situation remained until 2006, when the title was unified at the World Chess Championship 2006. The most recent championship was the World Chess Championship 2007, won by Viswanathan Anand.
In addition, there is a separate event for women only, for the title of Women's World Champion, and separate competitions and titles for juniors, seniors and computers. However, these days the strongest competitors in the junior, senior, and women's categories often forego these niche title events in order to pursue top level competition, although they continue to be part of chess tradition. Computers are barred from competing for the open title.
Read more about World Chess Championship...
- ...that Grandmaster Efim Geller, pictured, twice a winner of the Soviet Union Chess Championship, finished his career with an even or positive winning percentage against world champion Grandmasters Dutchman Max Euwe, countrymates Mikhail Botvinnik, Vasily Smyslov, Mikhail Tal, and Tigran Petrosian, and American Bobby Fischer?
- ...that Russian Grandmaster Peter Svidler, having defeated Hungarian Grandmaster Péter Lékó in 2003 at the Mainz Chess Classic, contested in the eponymous city in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, and having defended his title against Armenian Grandmaster Levon Aronian and Hungarian Grandmaster Zoltan Almasi, is generally recognized as the Chess960 (originally, Fischer Random Chess) world champion?
- ...that between the 10th (held in 1952) and 29th (held in 1990 Chess Olympiads, the Soviet Union team claimed the team gold medal in every non-boycotted iteration save the 23rd, played in 1978 in Buenos Aires, Argentina, in which Hungary, behind Grandmaster Lajos Portisch, pictured infra, who scored 10 points across his 14 games to achieve an ELO performance rating of 2691, and Grandmaster Gyula Sax, who won a third board bronze medal and defeated Yugoslav Grandmaster Aleksandar Matanović in the final round to secure the Hungarian victory?
All A-class articles are also recognized as Good articles.
|First-move advantage in chess
|Gossip, George H. D.
||Rules of chess
||Chess in Armenia
- Join the Chess WikiProject
- Create and write one of the most wanted chess pages
- Expand a short article
- Expand existing top and high importance articles
- Add references to existing articles, such as Chess strategy, Queen's Gambit, Chess tactics, Gambit, or Pawn storm
- Find and upload a Category:Wikipedia requested photographs of chess people, such as for Grandmaster (chess), Deep Blue versus Garry Kasparov, Fast chess, Chess World Cup 2007, Interzonal, Hastings International Chess Congress, USSR Chess Championship, Alexandre Deschapelles, Lyudmila Rudenko, Ernst Grünfeld, or Ernst Falkbeer
- Improve this portal
- Augment the Chess Wikibook or the Opening theory in chess Wikibook
The following Wikimedia
sister projects provide more on this subject: