Portal:Chile

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Main page   Assessment   Articles   Templates   Translation   Noticeboard   To Do List   Portal

Chile

Flag of the Republic of Chile
Coat of Arms of the Republic of Chile
Location of Chile

Chile, officially the Republic of Chile (Spanish: About this sound República de Chile ), is a country in South America occupying a long and narrow coastal strip wedged between the Andes mountains and the Pacific Ocean. The Pacific forms the country's entire western border, with Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage at the country's southernmost tip. Chile claims 1,250,000 square kilometres (480,000 sq mi) of territory in Antarctica.


View new selections below (purge)

Selected article

CapeHorn.jpg
Cape Horn island (Dutch: Kaap Hoorn; Spanish: Cabo de Hornos; named after the city of Hoorn in the Netherlands) is the southernmost headland of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago of southern Chile.

It is widely considered to be the southern tip of South America. Cape Horn is the most southerly of the great capes, and marks the northern boundary of the Drake Passage; for many years it was a major milestone on the clipper route, by which sailing ships carried trade around the world. However, the waters around the cape are particularly hazardous, owing to strong winds, large waves, strong currents and icebergs; these dangers have made it notorious as a sailors' graveyard.

The need for ships to round the horn was greatly reduced by the opening of the Panama Canal in 1914. However, sailing around the Horn is widely regarded as one of the major challenges in yachting, and a few recreational sailors continue to sail this route, sometimes as part of a circumnavigation of the globe, almost all of these choosing routes through the canals to the north of the actual Cape, though many take a detour through the islands and anchor to wait for fair weather to actually visit Horn Island or even sail around it to replicate a rounding of this historic point. Several prominent ocean yacht races, notably the Vendée Globe, sail around the world via the Horn, and speed records for round-the-world sailing follow the same route.

Selected biography

Lautaro Cañete.jpg

Lautaro (Mapudungun: Lef-Traru, Speedy Southern Caracara) was a Mapuche military leader and protagonist of the War of Arauco in Chile. He was able to defeat and exterminate the Spanish forces of Governor Pedro de Valdivia in the Battle of Tucapel in 1553. After the defeat at Tucapel, the Spanish hurriedly reorganized their forces, reinforcing fort Imperial for its defence and abandoning Confines and Arauco in order to strengthen Concepción.He later led the Mapuches once again into victory at the Battle of Marihueñu in 1554, but lost the Battle of Peteroa in 1556 and the Battle of Mataquito in 1557 in which he also died. The figure of Lautaro became important as a Mapuche war hero during the subsequent conflicts with the Spanish, and is also an important symbol for the modern Mapuche revindications.

In the news

Selected picture

Magellanic-penguin02.jpg

A Magellanic Penguin (Spheniscus magellanicus) near Punta Arenas.

Did you know?

  • ...that Ojos del Salado is the highest mountain in Chile and the highest volcano in the world?
  • ...that the Chinchorro mummies are the oldest examples of mummified human remains, dating to thousands of years before the Egyptian mummies?

Categories


Topics

Related portals

Wikimedia

Chile on Wikinews     Chile on Wikiquote     Chile on Wikibooks     Chile on Wikisource     Chile on Wiktionary     Chile on Wikimedia Commons
News Quotations Manuals & Texts Texts Definitions Images & Media
Wikinews-logo.svg
Wikiquote-logo.svg
Wikibooks-logo.svg
Wikisource-logo.svg
Wiktionary-logo-v2.svg
Commons-logo.svg

Purge server cache