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The Chitral, Pakistan Portal
Chitral, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
Chitral or Chetrar (Urdu: چترال) (Khowar:چھترار) (Persian: چیترال), translated as field in the native language Khowar, is the capital of the Chitral District, situated on the western bank of the Kunar River (also called Chitral River), in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The town is at the foot of Tirich Mir, the highest peak of the Hindu Kush, 25,289 ft (7,708 m) high. It has a population of 20,000, while the district (of 14,833 km² or 5,727 sq mi), has a population of 300,000. The altitude of the valley is 3,700 ft (1,100 m).
Khowar (khw), also known as Chitrali, is an Indo-Aryan language of the Dardic branch, spoken by 400,000 people in Chitral in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, in the Ghizer district of Gilgit-Baltistan (including the Yasin Valley, Phandar Ishkoman and Gupis), and in parts of Upper Swat. Speakers of Khowar have also migrated heavily to Pakistan's major urban centres with Peshawar, Islamabad, Lahore and Karachi, having sizeable populations. It is spoken as a second language in the rest of Gilgit and Hunza. There are believed to be small numbers of Khowar speakers in Afghanistan, China, Tajikistan and Istanbul.
Khowar has been influenced by Iranian languages to a greater degree than other Dardic languages, and less by Sanskrit than Shina or the Kohistani languages. John Biddulph (Tribes of the Hindoo Koosh) was among the first westerners to study Khowar and claimed that further research would prove Khowar to be equally derived from "Zend" (Avestan, Old Persian) and Sanskrit.
Professor Israruddin (Urdu: پروفیسر اسرار الدین) commonly known as Israr, is an Urdu and Khowar linguist, researcher, writer, critic, scholar. Khowar Drama Writer and Chairman Department of Geography, University of Peshawar, North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan.
- Chitral Aik Taaruf Chitral An Introduction
- Geography of Pakistan Text Book
- Dron Hanu Khowara poetry book
Professor Israruddin is Chairman, Department of Geography, University of Peshawar, Pakistan. He has also served this university as a Dean/Professor of the Faculty of Geography.
A smiling face of Kalash Valleys, Chitral, Pakistan
The Kalasha (Kalasha: Kaĺaśa, Nuristani: Kasivo) or Kalash, are indigenous people residing in the Chitral District of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. They speak the Kalasha language, from the Dardic family of the Indo-Iranian languages, and are considered a unique tribe among the Indo-Aryan peoples of Pakistan
Wikipedia in local languages
Khowar Wikipedia Incubator Project in Chitrali Language
Valleys of Chitral, Pakistan
Panorama of Shadandur Valley, Khot, Torkhow, Chitral Pakistan
Shadandur Valley is sitituated in Khot, Torkhow, Chitral Pakistan
Photo credit: Rehmat Aziz Chitrali