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Khowar (khw), also known as Chitrali, is an Indo-Aryan language of the Dardic branch, spoken by 400,000 people in Chitral in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, in the Ghizer district of Gilgit-Baltistan (including the Yasin Valley, Phandar Ishkoman and Gupis), and in parts of Upper Swat. Speakers of Khowar have also migrated heavily to Pakistan's major urban centres with Peshawar, Islamabad, Lahore and Karachi, having sizeable populations. It is spoken as a second language in the rest of Gilgit and Hunza. There are believed to be small numbers of Khowar speakers in Afghanistan, China, Tajikistan and Istanbul.
Khowar has been influenced by Iranian languages to a greater degree than other Dardic languages, and less by Sanskrit than Shina or the Kohistani languages. John Biddulph (Tribes of the Hindoo Koosh) was among the first westerners to study Khowar and claimed that further research would prove Khowar to be equally derived from "Zend" (Avestan, Old Persian) and Sanskrit.
Professor Israruddin (Urdu: پروفیسر اسرار الدین) commonly known as Israr, is an Urdu and Khowar linguist, researcher, writer, critic, scholar. Khowar Drama Writer and Chairman Department of Geography, University of Peshawar, North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan.
- Chitral Aik Taaruf Chitral An Introduction
- Geography of Pakistan Text Book
- Dron Hanu Khowara poetry book
Professor Israruddin is Chairman, Department of Geography, University of Peshawar, Pakistan. He has also served this university as a Dean/Professor of the Faculty of Geography.
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A smiling face of Kalash Valleys, Chitral, Pakistan
The Kalasha (Kalasha: Kaĺaśa, Nuristani: Kasivo) or Kalash, are indigenous people residing in the Chitral District of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. They speak the Kalasha language, from the Dardic family of the Indo-Iranian languages, and are considered a unique tribe among the Indo-Aryan peoples of Pakistan
Wikipedia in local languages
Khowar Wikipedia Incubator Project in Chitrali Language
Valleys of Chitral, Pakistan