Portal:Christmas

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The Christmas Portal

Christmas or Christmas Day is a holiday observed mostly on December 25 to commemorate the birth of Jesus, the central figure of Christianity. The date is not known to be the actual birthday of Jesus, and may have initially been chosen to correspond with either the day exactly nine months after some early Christians believed Jesus had been conceived, the date of the winter solstice on the ancient Roman calendar, or one of various ancient winter festivals. Christmas is central to the Christmas and holiday season, and in Christianity marks the beginning of the larger season of Christmastide, which lasts twelve days.

Although nominally a Christian holiday, Christmas is also widely celebrated by many non-Christians, and many of its popular celebratory customs have pre-Christian or secular themes and origins. Popular modern customs of the holiday include gift-giving, music, an exchange of greeting cards, church celebrations, a special meal, and the display of various decorations; including Christmas trees, lights, garlands, mistletoe, nativity scenes, and holly. In addition, Father Christmas (or Santa Claus) is a popular folklore figure in many countries, associated with the bringing of gifts for children.

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Industrially manufactured tirggel as sold by Swiss retailer Migros in 2008.
Tirggel are traditional Christmas cookies from Zürich, Switzerland. Made from flour and honey, they are thin, hard, and sweet. Tirggel-like honey cakes were already popular in antiquity. The earliest known baking moulds for similar pastries date to 3rd millennium BC Mesopotamia. The recipe is believed to have come to Northern Europe with the conquests of the Roman Empire. In what is today Switzerland, Tirggel are said to have been used as pagan offertory cakes, cut in the shape of sacrificial animals. Tirggel are first recorded in Zürich as Dirgel in 1461. They have been manufactured there ever since with elaborately carved wooden moulds depicting biblical or regional themes. More recently, the wooden moulds – four of which are exhibited in the Swiss National Museum – have been replaced by polycarbonate casts, which are easier to handle. Tirggel dough is composed of flour, 29% honey,some sugar and water; although one source reports that it is or was made without sugar, which is taken to be an indication of the tirggel's pre-Christian origins.

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Sir Walter Scott - Raeburn.jpg
Heap on the wood! — the wind is chill; But let it whistle as it will, We'll keep our Christmas merry still.


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"It Came Upon the Midnight Clear", Length: 4 minutes 25 seconds
"It Came Upon the Midnight Clear" is a poem and Christmas carol written by Edmund Sears, pastor of the Unitarian Church in Weston, Massachusetts. It first appeared on December 29, 1849 in the Christian Register in Boston.

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WikiProject HolidaysWikiProject FestivalsWikiProject Religion

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Christmas dinner is the primary meal traditionally eaten on Christmas Eve or Christmas Day. In many ways the meal is similar to a standard Sunday dinner. Christmas feasts have traditionally been luxurious and abundant.
Credit: User:Godewind
Christmas dinner is the primary meal traditionally eaten on Christmas Eve or Christmas Day. In many ways the meal is similar to a standard Sunday dinner. Christmas feasts have traditionally been luxurious and abundant.

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Baby Jesus theftChristmas in the post-War United StatesNativity sceneThe Nightmare Before Christmas • "A Benihana Christmas" • Christmas tree cultivation • "Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire"

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MainChristmas Eve · Christmas Day · Boxing Day · History · The Nativity · Bringers of gifts · Decorations · Economics · Customs

ChristianityNativity of Jesus · Nativity of Jesus in art · Nativity scene · Nativity of Jesus in later culture · Jesus Christ · Mary · Joseph · Angel Gabriel · Adoration of the Shepherds · Three Wise Men · Star of Bethlehem · King Herod · Massacre of the Innocents · Saint Nicholas · Twelfth Night · Epiphany · Advent · Christmastide Father Christmas · Santa Claus · Mrs. Claus · Santa Claus's elfs · Santa Claus's reindeer · Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer · Sinterklaas · Père Noël · Joulupukki · Ded Moroz  · La Befana · Christkind · Black Peter · Krampus · Belsnickel · Le Père Fouettard · North Pole · Santa's workshop · Korvatunturi · Other characters

FolkloreFather Christmas · Santa Claus · Mrs. Claus · Santa Claus's elfs · Santa Claus's reindeer · Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer · Sinterklaas · Père Noël · Joulupukki · Ded Moroz  · La Befana · Christkind · Black Peter · Krampus · Belsnickel · Le Père Fouettard · North Pole · Santa's workshop · Korvatunturi · Other characters

TraditionsTwelve Days of Christmas · Christmas trees · Wassailing · Yule log · Stockings · Ornaments · Lights · Nutcrackers · Christmas cards · Christmas songs · Christmas films · Christmas stamps  · A Visit from St. Nicholas · A Christmas Carol · NORAD Tracks Santa · Secret Santa · Advent calendars · Yule Goats · Santa Claus parades · Flying Santa · Christmas markets · Plants · Food · Feasts · Events · Parades · German · Philippine · Polish · Serbian · Ukrainian · Miners' parades · Miner's figures · Candle arches · Christmas pyramids · Smoking figures · Incense candles

MediaFiction · Films · Plays · Episodes · Specials · Albums · Best-selling albums · Hit singles and tracks · Best-selling singles · Carols · Other Christmas music and songs

SocietyChristmas club · Christmas controversy · Christmas creep · Christmas Mountains · Christmas truce · Christmas in various language · Black Friday · Cyber Monday · White Christmas · Christmas Day (Trading) Act 2004 · Christmas and holiday season · Related holidays · List of winter festivals · SantaCon · Running of the Santas · Christmas in July · Christmas in August · Christmas in the American Civil War · Christmas in Puritan New England · Christmas in the post-War United States

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December 2015 calendar

Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday
1 2 3 4 5
6
Saint Nicholas Day
(Liturgical Calendar)
Hanukkah begins at Sunset
7 8 9 10 11 12
13
Saint Lucia Day
14
Hanukkah ends at Sunset
15 16 17 18 19
20 21 22
Winter Solstice (NH)
Summer Solstice(SH)
Yule begins
Chele/Yalda (Persian calendar)
23
Humanlight

Festivus
24
Christmas Eve (Christian)
25
Christmas Day
(Christian)
26
La an Dreolin (Ireland)
Kwanzaa begins
Boxing Day
27
Uwiha Ch'uyay (Bolivia)
28
Dia de Innocentadas (Spain, Latin America)
29 30
Rizal day (Philippines)
31
New Years Eve (Gregorian calendar)
Hogmanay (Scotland)

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Associated Wikimedia

Christmas on Wikinews     Christmas on Wikiquote     Christmas on Wikibooks     Christmas on Wikisource     Christmas on Wiktionary     Christmas on Wikimedia Commons
Wikinews:Holidays
Wikiquote:Category:Holidays and observances
Wikibooks:Holidays
Portal:Christmas
Wiktionary:holiday
Commons:Category:Holidays
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